1. Basic Evil
    • parents supply an inadequate amount of warmth, affection, safety, and security
    • *bad parenting

    -leads to anxiety
  2. Basic Hostility
    • childs repressed feelings of anger and resentment toward the parents
    • *childs needs for saftey and satisfaction werent met
  3. Basic Evil
    • all pervading feelings of being along and reltively helpless in a hostile world
    • *dependency and hostility follow
  4. Coping strategies for neuroticism
    • a) moving toward people
    • b) moving against people
    • c) moving away from people
  5. (coping startegies for neuroticism) Moving toward people
    • compliant type of neurotic
    • *need for affection and approval
  6. (coping startegies for neuroticism) Moving against people
    • -over aggresive, power hungry
    • *strive for prestige, and recognition
    • the need to exploit
  7. (coping strategies for neuroticism) Moving away from people
    • exaggerated need for independence
    • *isolation
  8. Healthy self theory
    the venn diagram circle needs to be bigger, leaving only a small percent for ideal self
  9. Tyranny of the should
    key element in the neurotic search for glory, includes an unconscious, unrelenting drive for perfection

    *venn diagram circle has ideal and real self equal. Lots of room to imporve
  10. Neurotic search for glory
    comprehensive drive toward actualizing the ideal self
  11. 3 steps for neurotic search for glory
    • a) need for perfection
    • b) neurotic ambition
    • c) Drive toward a vindictive triumph
  12. (neurotic search for glory) Need for perfection
    the drive to mold the whole personality into the idealized self

    • *striving towards an imaginary picture of perfection
    • -tyranny of the should
  13. (neurotic search for glory) Neurotic Ambition
    Compulsive drive toward superiority

    *neurtoics channel their energies to activities that will bring most success
  14. (neurotic search for glory) Drive toward a vindictive triumph
    it may be disguised as drive for acheivement or success but in reality its to put others in defeat or shame

    *destructive element of the 3
  15. Defense mechanisms to artificial harmony
    -Additional lies that allow neurotics to maintain their view of the ideal self

    ex) Compartmentalization and arbitrary rightness
  16. Cardinal traits
    traits that dominate an individuals whole life, often to the point that the person become known specifically for these traits
  17. Central traits
    general characterstics that form the basic foundations of personality. Major characteristics to describe someone else

    ex) shy, honest, intelligent
  18. Secondary traits
    traits that are sometime related to attitutes or preferences and often appear only in certain situations or specific cricumstances.

    ex) impatient waiting on a line or anxious speaking in front of crowd
  19. Common traits
    traits possesed by many people
  20. trait
    a determining tendency to respond to the world in a certain manner
  21. Positive psychology
    -newest branch

    -focuses on positive side of humanity

    -focuses on humans prospering and helping people be happier
  22. Transpersonal- States vs Structures
    states are temporary and stages are permanently
  23. OCEAN
    • -openness
    • -conscientousness
    • -extraversion
    • -agreeableness
    • -neuroticism
  24. (OCEAN) Openness
    • characterized by curiosity and the need to willingly discover
    • -likes to think, insightful, and explorative
  25. (OCEAN) Conscientiousness
    characterized by achievement motivation
  26. (OCEAN) Extraversion
    feeds of the outside energy
  27. (OCEAN) Agreebleness
    characterized by kindness and love

    -looks for best in people
  28. (OCEAN) Neuroticism
    defined by emotional stability
  29. Facets of Neuroticism
    • -Anxiety
    • -Angry hostility
    • -Depression
    • -Self- Conscious
    • - Impulsiveness
    • -Vulnerability
  30. (facets of neuroticism) Anxiety
    level of free floating anxiety
  31. (facets of neuroticism) Angry Hostility
    tendency to experience anger and related stress such as frsutration
  32. (facets of neuroticism) Depression
    tendency to experience feelings guilt, sadness, and loneliness
  33. (facets of neuroticism) Self Conscious
    shyness or social anxiety
  34. (facets of neuroticism) Impulsiveness
    tendency to act on cravings and urges rather than reining them in and delay gratification
  35. (facets of neuroticism) Vulnerability
    general susceptibility to stress
Card Set
Horney, Allport, Five factor