Chapter 11 review Nutritional Sciences

  1. Fat soluble vitamins are typically absorbed in the small intestine and require the presence of other lipids as well as the action of bile T/F
    True
  2. The dietitian notices that the anorexic patient in room 302 has rough, bumpy, irritated skin. What vitamin defiency does he/she suspect?

    a)A

    b)D

    c)K

    d)E
    A
  3. Cholecalciferol is found in plant foods T/F
    False
  4. Which vitamins contribute to bone health?

    a) ADK

    b)EDA

    c)KAE

    d)KED
    A
  5. What is inadequate bone mineralization in kids called?

    a)osteomalacia

    b)antieoplasis

    c)osteo-degeneration

    d)rickets
    D
  6. In addition to nuts and seeds, which of the foods listed below is an especially abundant source of Vitamin E?

    a)mushrooms

    b)Vegetable oil

    c)dairy
    B
  7. WHy do the side effects of chemotherapy such as loos of apetite, poor nutrient absorbtion, and weight loss occur?

    a)Because Chemotherapy kills non-cancerous cells as well

    b)because chemotherapy interferes with the CNS's ability to communicate with other cells

    c)Because a side effect of Chemo is depression
    A
  8. Scientists think that the health promoting effects of some of the carotenoids are due to their_____.

    a)function as free radicals

    b)ability to stimulate the immune system

    c)antioxidant function
    C
  9. Cancer is a condition caused by unregulated cell division T/F?
    True
  10. In cancer treatment, what is chemotherapy intended to do?

    a)stop further cell division

    b)damage or kill cancer cells

    c)render the cancer cells harmless
    A
  11. What metabolite is used to synthesize Vitamin D when human skin is exposed to UV light?

    a)serotonin

    b)thiamin

    c)cholesterol
    C
  12. Phylloquinone and menaquinone are forms of ____.

    a)vitamin a

    b) vitamin D

    c) Vitamin E

    d) vitamin K
    D
  13. In its function as a coenzyme in a variety of carboxylation reactions, what does vitamin K add to its molecules?

    a)carbon

    b)sodium

    c)calcium
    C
  14. The difference between osteomalacia and osteoporosis is that osteomalacia is_____ while osteoporosis is ______.

    a)Demineralization of bone, inadequate bone mineralization

    b)prevalent in children, prevalent in adults

    c)inadequate bone mineralization, demineralization of bone

    d)prevalent in adults, prevalent in children
    C
  15. What is the process of programmed cell death called?

    a)expiration

    b)demisosis

    c)apoptosis
    C
  16. What can result from too little vitamin E?

    a)hemolytic anemia

    b)excessive calcium loss

    c)night blindness
    A
  17. Studies show that even small amounts of alcohol consumption can increase risk for what types of cancer?

    a)espohageal,pancreatic, breast

    b)colorectal,liver,breast

    c)oral,esophageal,colorectal,breast
    D
  18. The active form of Vitamin D is formed from cholecalciferol by the action of first the _______ and then the _____.


    a)stomach, large intestine

    b)small intestine, liver

    c)liver, Kidneys
    C
  19. In addition to proteins and DNA, what else to carotenoids protect from free radical damages?

    a)cell membranes

    b)bones

    c)enzymes
    A
  20. Which condition is most likely to negatively impact ones ability to get adequate vitamin D?

    a)living in southern climates

    b)being elderly

    c)having fair skin
    B
  21. ALcohol consumption over 1-2 drinks/day decreases risk of some cancers T/F
    False
  22. A low-fat diet increases Vitamin A and carotenoid absorbtion(and thus bioavailability) because the body is unable to form micelles T/F?
    False
  23. Retinoids include:

    a)retinyl,retinal acid, retinin

    b)retinase,retinin acid, retyne

    c)retinol, retinoic acid,retinal
    C
  24. Which of the following is a good source of preformed Vitamin A?

    a)canteloupe and carrots

    b)whole-fat dairy products

    c)peppers
    B
  25. Being physically active can decrease the risk for__ cancer, and perhaps breast (postmenopausal) cancer, and uterine cancer.

    a)colorecral

    b)pancreatic

    c)liver
    A
  26. Mrs Greenwood has brought her 13 month old daughter to see the dietitian. Her daughters skin has an orange tint. While taking a diet history, what suspect foods will her dietitian focus on?

    a)carrots, tomatoes, canteloupe, egg yolks

    b)whole milk, cheese, high fat snacks

    c)foods low in fat and fiber
    A
  27. Which vitamins are considered the "antioxidant" vitamins?

    a)C and E

    b)A and folate

    c)D and K
    A
  28. Researchers estimate that what percentage of all cancer cases are caused by non-modifiable risk factors?

    a) 10%

    b)15%

    c) 25%

    d)30%
    C
  29. Xerophthalamia can lead to blindness and is due to a defiency of vitamin:

    a) A

    b)C

    c)D

    d)K
    A
  30. Following absorbtion, fat soluble vitamins are initially circulated in the _____ via ____.

    a)lymph, chylomicrons

    b)lymph, transport proteins

    c)blood, LDL
    A
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Chapter 11 review Nutritional Sciences
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