History 101

  1. The Monroe Doctrine
    • John quincy adams was devoted to consolidation the power of the national goverment home and abroad.
    • Adam feared that spain would try to regain its latin american colonies.
    • He drafted a section of the presidents annual messages to congress that became known as Monroe Doctrine.
    • Expressed 3 principles
    • -1. the us would oppose any futher efforts at colonization by europian powers in the americans(agaist spain and france)
    • -2. the us would obstain from involvement in the wars of europe
    • -3.Monroe warned European powers not to interfere w/ newly independant states of latin America.
    • it remained as american foreign policy for decades
    • based on the assumption that old and new world formed separeate political & diplomatic systems, it claimed for the U.S. the role of domainantower in the western hemisphere
    • Commercial implicants were important to adam as political ones.
    • latin america was a major market for britash goods
    • british were involved in mining, banking and comercial enterprise
    • adam hoped that us could eventually assume britains enocomic role
  2. Nullifications Crisis
    • South California stood alone during the crisis.
    • The elaboration of the compact theory of the Constitution gave the south a well developed political philosophy to which it would turn when sectional comflict became more intense
    • calhvon denied that nullification was a step toward disunion
    • the only way to ensure the stability of a large diverse nation was for each states to be assured that national actions would never trample on its rights or vital interests
    • Calhors theory of concurrent majority each major interest including slave holders, shoud have a veto overall measures that affect it
    • To jackson-nullification amont to nothingless that disunion.
    • South carolina declared the tax on imported goods null and void in the state after the following february.
    • jackson persuaded the congress to enact a force bill aouthorizating him to use the army & navy to collect custom duties
    • South carolina then rescinded the ordinace of nullification allowing it proceed to nullify The Force Act
    • Calhoum avandoned democracy party for whigs
    • Clay and webster became part of a formidable trio of political leaders
  3. Gold-Rush California
    • California had a non indian population of less than 15,000 when mexican war ended.
    • In 1840s ten times as many americans imigrated as to california
    • this change dramatically after january 1848
    • --when gold was discovered in the foodhills of the sierra nevada mountains at a sawwill owned by the swiss immigrant johann a sutter.
    • A mania for gold spread thruout the world
    • --By ship & land, newcommers pured into california
    • the non-indian population rosse to 200,000 by1852
    • Californias gold rush population was incredibly diverse
    • Expirienced miners flooded in from mexico and south america
    • Ten of thousands of americans arrived from the east and from overseas from irish, germans, italians and australians
    • 25000 chinese land men who sing longterm labor contracts w/ chines merchants who leased them to nining and railroad companies and other employers
    • Most of the goldrush migrants were young men
    • Women played manyroles in western mining communites, running restaurants and boarding houses
    • working as laundresses, cooks and prostitures
    • as late as 1860, californias male population out numbered bye nerly and 3 to one
  4. The Common School
    • It was the movement to stablish school
    • Tax supported state school systems open to all children
    • In the early 19th most children were educated in locally supported schools, private academies, charity schools or at home and many had no access to learning
    • Horance Mann eras reform impulse.
    • Mann embraced the new industrial order of his state
    • he hoped that universal public education could restore equality to fractured society by bringing children from all classes 2gether in a common learning
    • Education would equalize the conditions of men
    • the view of free public educations as an avenue to social advancement was also shared by early labor movement
    • Mann argued that schools would reinforce social stability by rescuing students from the influence of parents whofailed to instill the proper discipline
    • Character building was as important as a fuctions of educations as reading writing, and arthmetic

    the schools Silent Curriculum -- the obedience to authority/pronptness inattendance/organizing
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History 101
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