GCSE History

  1. Senatator lodge said that he was willing to ratify the treaty if
    Wilson would agree to 14 changes or reservations being made to it
  2. The 14 changes to the treaty would
    Place safeguards that would protect Americas rights to remain isolated from the rest of the world
  3. Give an example of one of the changes Cabot Lodge wanted to be made on the treaty of Versailles
    The right for the USA to ignore any sanctions imposed by the league of Nations
  4. President Wilson refused to compromise with Senatator Cabot Lodge , and tried to save the treaty by an appeal to the public . He toured the country from coast to coast and gave 37 speeches in only 22 days . However the strainoff the tour damaged his health , and he suffered a stroke . Becauseche would not agree to the changes in
    November 1919 the senate rejected the treaty of Versailles
  5. In ...... The presidential election was held , and the republican candidate , .......... .......... Campainged on the promise that he would return the USA to "......." in other words to how it was ...... The .... . This was very popular and ...... Won showing that the USA was ready to turn its back to the world and focus on achieving prosperity
    • 1920
    • Warren Harding
    • Normalcy
    • Before the war
    • Harding
  6. In the 1920's the USA becamethe richest nation in the world . There were many reasons for this
    • Raw materials
    • The first world war
    • The republican governments policy of laisezz faire
  7. The USA had theadvantage of plentiful resources of
    Raw materials such as oil , coal and iron ore as well ashuge areas of fertile land
  8. The first world war had helped the USA prosper , as she
    The first world war had helped the USA prosper , as she supplied the allies with large quantities of arms . When peace came in 1918 . most of Americas trading rivals in Europe were exhausted and deeply in debt . Most European nationshad suffered severe damage to their industries . The USA was able to supply goods to countries around the world , which had formely brought them from Europe
  9. Throughout the 1920's the USA had a succession of republican presidents including
    • Warren harding (1920-23)
    • Calvin coolidge (1923-28)
    • Herbet Hoover (1928-32)
  10. Republicans believed that
    The government should not interfere with in people's lives or in business . This is called laisezz faire . republicans argued that the government should leave buisnessmen to run their factories or banks without any restrictions
  11. in the 1920's therefor the , the Republican overnments tried to create the most favourable conditions they could for American buisnessmen . these were
    • taxes on high incomes and company profits were greatly reduced to give the rich more money to invest
    • laws which had earlier been reduced to limit the power of large firms , were now relaxed or removed . Buisnessmen like Carnegie and Rockefeller could now do as they wished
    • US government introduced a policy of protectionism in order to help American industries prosper
  12. The USA government wanted American people to buy goods produced by American firms rather than by oreign ones . This could largely be achieved by
    making American goods cheaper than foreign ones . By outting duties on foreign goods coming into America , American goods would be cheaper . This was not just an economic policy , it reflected the wish for the USA to be isolated from Europe .
  13. in 1921 congress passed the ..... tarrif act and in 1922 the .....-..... tarrif act was passed . this placed
    • emergancy
    • Fordney-McCumber
    • a tarrif or tax on foeign goods coming into America , making them more expensive than the same American products ans so "protected" American industry .
  14. was the policy of protectionism useful
    this policy worked in the 1920's and helped bring out boom conditions , however , there was a danger that foreign governments would retaliate by putting high tarrifs on American goods exported abroad , which made them harder to sell
  15. leading the economic boom in the 1920's was the ....... industry
  16. In the early 20th century cars were seen as the playthings of the rich . Car production was very :
    slow and labour intensive , meaning that cars were too expensive for most people to afford .
  17. In the early 20th century cars were seen as the playthings of the rich . Car production was very slow and labour intensive , meaning that cars were too expensive for most people to afford . Henry Ford
    dramatically changed this , he was determined to biuld a simple , reliable car that ordinary American workers could afford , one that could cope with any type of road condition and was easy to repair .
  18. therefore in ...... Ford designed a simple car called the ....... ... (which was nicknamed the .... ...)
    • 1908
    • Model T
    • Tin Lizzie
  19. Ford now wanted to make this car as cheaply as possible . In 1908 it took ...... hours to assemble a Model T , and cost $...... , but Ford was able to reduce both the time taken and the costs when he hit on the idea of using an ........ ...... to build these cars
    • 14
    • 825
    • assembly line
  20. due to standardising the cars and producing them on an assembly line it only took ..... hour(s) ..... minutes to biuld a model T . Ford ploughed the profits back into the buisness , so the price of the Model T fell to $..... in ....... ...... million of these cars had been bought by 1928
    • 1 hour 33 minutes
    • 295
    • 1928
    • 15
  21. there were 3 big car producers in the the 1920's they were ....... , ...... and ..... .... . car ownership grew rapidly , so that by 1930 there wer ....... million cars on US roads compared to ...... million in . by 1928 one family in .... owned at least one car
    • ford
    • chrysler
    • general motors
    • 30
    • 9
    • 3
  22. The car industry more trhan any other , helped to make America prosperous in the 1920's . not only did it provide ..... , it also ........ ... .... . About ..... million workers were employed directly in the car industry and possibly as many as ....... million others were employed in producing ....... , ...... , ..... etc which were used in making cars
    • jobs
    • stimulated other industries
    • 4
    • 20
    • steel , glass , tyres
  23. car producing used up ....% of Americas steel , .....% of her rubber , ...... % of her plate glass and ..... % of her leather . Cars on the road used ....... billion gallons of petrol a year and this made texas oil producers rich . New roads had to be built and this helped the construction industry . Along with the new roads sprang up thousands of garages , restuarants , motels and hot-dog stands all of which provided more ....
    • 20
    • 80
    • 75
    • 65
    • 7
    • jobs
  24. what were the problems connected with the car industry
    • the work on the assembly line , although well paid , was boring and monotonous
    • Gangsters used cars in roberies
    • noise and air pollution increased
    • cars were involved in accidents
Card Set
GCSE History