Caring & Spirituality Study Guide.ADN-MGCCC

  1. Caring Definition
    Feeling & exhibiting concern & empathy for others

    Feeling or showing care and compassion for other people

    Of or relating to professional social or medical care: the caring professions

    Like love, it is a primal concept known all over the world
  2. What is Caring?
    • Universal phenomena
    • Influences the way people think, feel, behave
    • Actualizes a cherished value in nursing
    • Individualizes client care
    • It is the heart of nursing
    • Non-paternalistic approach to helping others grow, gain self knowledge, self control and self healing
    • The process through which nurses help others in their healing and self growth
  3. What is the consensus about caring among nurses?
    Caring serves as nursing's central value, providing an organizing framework for professional research, education, and theory development

    The therapeutic use of self in an intentional process that involves the awareness of another's need and the knowledge of how to respond to that need
  4. Theories & Theorists of Nursing & Caring:
    • All theories are based on the care of the patient/client
    • Lydia E. Hall (1966) - Nurturing Care
    • Madeline Leininger (1978) - Caring is the central theme of nursing care
    • Jean Watson (1979) - Caring for the sick
  5. Humanistic Approach:
    Watson (1985)

    Caring based on humanistic philosophy

    Caring is important in all nursing roles
  6. Primary Caring:
    • Banner: Caring means that person, events, projects, and things matter to people "Caring creates possibilities"
    • Clients are not all the same
    • Through caring, nurses learn to listen to clients
    • Therapeutic, client centered nursing
  7. Care-Based Approach
    Nurse-patient relationship is central to this (Life Choices)

    Promotion of the dignity & respect of patients as people

    Attention to the particulars of individual patients
  8. What are the challenges of caring?
    • Nursing can be difficult & demanding
    • Nurses are given less time to spend with clients
    • Technology
    • Cost effective health care
    • Clients can become a number
    • Nurses can become frustrated
  9. 5 Caring Processes:
  10. Define "knowing" in the caring process
    Striving to understand an event as it has meaning in the life of the other
  11. Define "Being with" in the caring process
    Being emotionally present to another
  12. Define "Doing for" in the caring process
    Doing for the other as he or she would do for themselves if it were possible
  13. Define "Enabling" in the caring process
    Facilitating the other's passage through life transitions and unfamiliar events
  14. Define "Maintaining belief" in the caring process
    Sustaining faith in the other's capacity to get through an event or transition and face a future with meaning
  15. How can we provide a presence of caring in the nursing practice?
    • Being with:
    • Non verbal and verbal messages
    • Important during stressful events
    • Help to ally fear or ansiey
    • Give assurance
    • The OTHER'S experience matters
  16. Touch Definition
    • Contact to skin
    • Non Contact....eye contac
    • Task Oriented Touch....Performing a task
    • Caring Touch....Holding a clients hand
    • Protective Touch....Preventing an accident or fall.
  17. Comfort Definition
    • Provides emotional and physical calm
    • Skillful and gentle performance of a nursing procedure
    • Not simply "doing for"
    • Meeting the client's needs
  18. How does listening/knowing the client help?
    • Nurse avoid assumptions
    • Client is at the core of decisions
    • Assess cures that client gives
    • Ability to detect changes in the client
    • Much, much more than simply knowing the client and gathering data
  19. How do families percieve nursing care behavior?
    • Being honest
    • Giving clear explanation
    • Keeping family members informed
    • Trying to make the client comfortable
    • Showing interest answering questions
    • Providing necessary emergency care
    • Assuring the client that nursing is available
    • Answering questions honestly, openly, and willingly
    • Allowing clients to do as much for themselves as possible, teaching the family how to keep the relative physically and emotionally comfortable
  20. Holistic Care:
    Paying attention to the spiritual dimension of health and well-being is integral to holistic care
  21. What are the 3 Spiritual Needs?
    Need for meaning and purpose

    Need for love and relatedness

    Need for forgiveness
  22. Spirituality Definition
    Anything that pertains to a person's relationship with a nonmaterial life force or higher power
  23. Religion Definition
    Spirituality may include religion, which refers to an organized system of beliefs about a higher power
  24. What are common characteristics of religions?
    • Basis of authority or source of power
    • Portion of scripture or sacred word
    • Ethical code defining right or wrong
    • A psychology and identity
    • Aspirations or expectations
    • Some ideas about what follows death
  25. Life Experiences
    Can be both positive and negative and can influence spirituality
  26. Nursing Interventions in Caring
    • Offering supportive presence
    • Facilitating patient's practice of religion
    • Nurturing spirituality
    • Praying with a patient
    • Praying for a patient
    • Counseling the patient spiritually
    • Contacting a spiritual counselor
    • Resolving conflicts between treatment and spiritual activities
  27. What do we do to prepare a room for spiritual counselor visit?
    • Make sure room is orderly and free of unnecessary equipment
    • Provide a seat for the counselor near patient's bed
    • Clear the top of bedside table and cover with clean white cloth for sacraments
    • Draw bed curtains if patient cannot be moved to private setting
Card Set
Caring & Spirituality Study Guide.ADN-MGCCC
Caring & Spirituality notes for Nursing Students