BIo Sat2 ch. 10

  1. Instinctive behavior
    • Any type of behavior that is not learned.
    • It exists at the moment of birth.
    • Examples are fixed-action patterens and imprinting.
  2. Fixed-action patterens
    • Behaviors that are triggered by certain stimuli.
    • They are instinctive behaviors.
    • Ex: A baby duck swimming without needing to learn how.
  3. Imprinting
    • The recognition of something as "mother".
    • This is an instinctive behavior.
    • Ex: whatever the first moving object a gosling sees is, it will follow it around and treat it as its mother.
  4. Learned behaviors
    • Behaviors that require interactoin with the environment or with other organisms in order to occur.
    • Habituation and conditioning are examples.
  5. Habituation
    • When a non-harmful stimulus is repeated until the organism learns to ignore it.
    • Ex: a dog being poked in the back with a stick reapetedly, eventually it will ignore the stick.
  6. Conditioning
    • A type of learning where a stimulus is associated with a behavior.
    • Sometimes called associative learning.
  7. Classical conditioning
    • A stimulus occurs on the outside and something happens because of it.
    • The organism associates the two.
    • Ex. Tapping on the glass of a fish tank every time you feed the fish.
  8. Operant conditioning
    • Learning that occurs because of a reqard and punishment system.
    • Ex. If a rat presses a button, they receive food.
  9. Insight learning
    • The ability to approach new situations and figure out how to deal with them.
    • Another word for insight is reasoning.
  10. Tropism
    • Turning behaviors in response to a particular stimuli.
    • Occurs in plants.
  11. Phototropism
    A plant goes toward the light source by bending toward it.
  12. Positive gravitropism
    The roots of a plant grow downwards with gravity.
  13. Negative gravitropism
    Plant stems and leaves grow upward away from the earth.
  14. Geotropism
    Another word for Gravitropism
  15. Auxins
    Plant hormones that control tropism behavior.
  16. Circardian rythm
    When a biological clock makes an organism do something on a daily basis at a set time.
  17. Pheromones
    A pheromone is released by one member of a species, and it affects the behavior of the other members of the species in a predictable way.
  18. Symbiosis
    Oganisms of differen species coexisting closely.
  19. Mutualism
    • Both organisms in this relationship benefit from it.
    • Ex. Humans and E. Coli.
  20. Parasitism
    • One organism benefits from the relationship while the other is harmed.
    • Ex. Humans and tapeworms.
  21. Commensalism
    • One organism benefits and the other is uneffected.
    • Ex. Buffalo and egrets.
Card Set
BIo Sat2 ch. 10