Psych 3

  1. motivation
    hypothetical construct
  2. Intervening variable
    an explanation of the hypothetical construct at a more fundamental level
  3. Approaches to motivation
    drive, incentive, arousal (curiosity), opponent-process
  4. Sensory deprivation
    eliminated sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. The brain manufactured its own stimulus.
  5. Physiological needs
    food, water, sex, shelter
  6. Safety needs
  7. belongingness and love needs
    acceptance and friendship
  8. esteem needs
    self-esteem, self esteem from others
  9. Self actualization needs
    realing ones full potential as a productive, creative person
  10. Glucose
    Energy, sugars
  11. Lipids
    fats. fats are the way the body stores energy
  12. amino acids
    breaking down foods
  13. brain
    idea of food
  14. Ghrelin
    facilitates eating, comes from stomach lining, stimulates hunger, opposite effect of leptin and PYY, detected by Arcuate nucleus
  15. Arcuate Nucleus
    close to areas involved with eating and non eating
  16. Leptin
    fast acting hormone, comes from fat cells, supresses appetite
  17. PYY
    Hormone, comes from intestine, supresses appetite
  18. Set point
    rate at which you use up the food you eat
  19. Endorphins
    Carbohydrates -> serotonin
  20. Social factors
    influence how much we eat
  21. Sex
    organization or development of the sexual drive is hormonally influenced. the activation of the sexual drive in the mature adult is influenced by the higher brain
  22. Sense of gender
    gender identity, sex typing, gender role, sex role
  23. Acquistion of a gender role
    pyschoanalytic view, social learning, cognitive view
  24. 3 years
    gender identity, awareness of genders
  25. 4-5 years
    gender stability, gender has outcomes/consequences. preoperational thinking because of unidimensional classification
  26. 6-7 years
    gender constancy, gender is with the individual and not the context. Concrete operations thinking because of multidimensional classification.
  27. Henry Murray
    Contemporary Psychologist, came up with idea of being able to surpass others, and use yourself as your own standard. had an MD and PHd.
  28. Fear of failure high, and need to achieve high
    conflict and frustration
  29. fear of failure high, need to achieve low
    low achievement need
  30. fear of failure low, need to achieve high
    high achievement need
  31. Fear of failure low, need to achieve low
    reckless erratic
  32. Setting goals of intermediate difficulty
    tend to be most informative
  33. Elizabeth Horner
    came up with Thematic apperception test
  34. emotion
    a "state" linked with motivation, the result of not havng the appropriate amount of information to deal with the percieved circumstances
  35. All emotion involves
    A physiological change, a subjective feeling, an overt expression
  36. Sympathetic dominance
    Pupil dialation, secretion of adrenaline
  37. Ekamn
    rated darwin, observed 6 main emotions, Anger, fear, sadness, happiness, surprise, disgust
  38. Sources of stress
    life changes, minor annoyances, frustration and conflict, chronic discomfort and illness
  39. responses to frustration and conflict
    aggression, increased responding, escape and avoidance, depression, stress
  40. Hippocrates
    father of modern medicine
  41. General adaptation syndrome
    founded by Hans Selye. 3 stages, 1. alarm, 2. resistance, 3. exhaustion
Card Set
Psych 3
psych test 3