APUSH Part 1

  1. Separatist vs. non-Separatist Puritans
    Radical Calvinistsagainst the Church of England; Separatists (Pilgrims) argued for abreak from the Church of England, led the Mayflower, and establishedthe settlement at Plymouth
  2. Northwest Passage
    believed to provide shortcut from Atlantic to Pacific, searched for by Giovanni de Verrazano for Francis I in the race to Asian wealth
  3. Conversion Experience
    required of members of the Puritan Church; took the place of baptism required by the Catholic Church
  4. Social Reciprocity
    society naturally punishes criminals indiscriminantly
  5. Church of England
    Protestant church led by the king of England, independent of Catholic Church; tended toward Catholicism during reign of Catholic royalty
  6. Atlantic slave trade
    often debtors sold to slave traders by African kings seeking riches; Columbian Exchange
  7. Jamestown
    first permanent English settlement in the Americas (1607), along James River
  8. John Smith
    introduced work ethic to Jamestown colony, sanitation, diplomat to local Native American tribes; had fought Spanish and Turks
  9. Pocahontas
    key to English-Native American relationship, died in England in 1617
  10. Mayflower Compact
    foundation for self-government laid out by the first Massachusetts settlers before arriving on land
  11. John Winthrop
    Calvinist, devised concept of “city on a hill” (“A Model of Christian Charity”); founded highly successful towns in Massachusetts Bay
  12. "City on a Hill"
    exemplary Christian community, rich to show charity, held to Calvinistic beliefs
  13. Indentured servants
    settlers to pay the expenses of a servant’s voyage and be granted land for each person they brought over; headright system
  14. Maryland Act of Religious Toleration (1649)
    Mandated the toleration of all Christian denominations in Maryland, even though Maryland was founded for Catholics (but majority was Protestant)
  15. James I, Charles I
    reluctant to give colonists their own government, preferred to appoint royal governors
  16. William Penn and the Quakers
    settled in Pennsylvania, believed the “Inner Light” could speak through any person and ran religious services without ministers
  17. Roger Williams
    challenged New Englanders to completely separate Church from State, as the State would corrupt the church
  18. Anne Hutchinson
    challenged New England Calvinist ministers’ authority, as they taught the good works for salvation of Catholicism
  19. The Half-Way Covenant
    New Englanders who did not wish to relate their conversion experiences could become half-way saints so that their children would be able to have the opportunity to be saints
  20. Bacon's Rebellion
    rebels felt the governor of Virginia failed to protect the frontier from the Native Americans
  21. Navigation Acts
    Only English and American ships allowed to colonial ports; dissent began in 1763
  22. Mercantilism
    Ensured trade with mother country, nationalism; too restrictive on colonial economy, not voted on by colonists
  23. Charles II, James II
    Tried to rule as absolute monarchswithout using Parliament, little to no sympathy for colonial legislatures
  24. William and Mary
    Ended the Dominion of New England, gave power back to colonies
  25. Dominion of New England
    Combined Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Plymouth (and later Jersey and New York) into one “supercolony” governed by Sir Edmond Andros, a “supergovernor”
Card Set
APUSH Part 1
Important pieces of US History