psych meds

  1. Xanax
    Antianxiety/ Benzo
  2. Valium
    Antianxiety/ Benzo
  3. Ativan
    Antianxiety/ Benzo
  4. Versed
    antianxiety/ Benzo
  5. Benadryl
  6. Haldol
    antipyschotic/ Typical
  7. Zyprexa
    antipsychotic/ atypical
  8. Risperdal
    antipsychotic/ atypical
  9. Abilify
    antipsychoti/ atypical
  10. nardil
    antidepressant/ MAOI
  11. Prozac
    antidepressant SSRI
  12. Zoloft
    antidepressant/ SSRI
  13. Celexa
    antidepressant SSRI
  14. Wellbutrin
  15. Tegretol
    anticonvulsant (mood stabilizing)
  16. Depakote/ Depakene
    anticonvulsant - mood stabilizing
  17. Neurontin
    anticonvulsant- mood stabilizing
  18. Klonopin
    • anticonvulsant/ antianxiety/ benzo
    • mood stabilizing
  19. Lithium
    Mood stabilizing
  20. what is the action of Benzodiazepnes?
    thought to potentiate the effects of GABA (a powerful inhibitory NT) thereby producing a calming effect
  21. Non Benzo antianxiety agent?
    • Buspar
    • action unknown
  22. action of SSRI?
    selectively inhibits the CNS neuronal uptake of serotonin (5HT)
  23. action of anticonvulsants and what group does it belong to ?
    • treats bipolar disorder, action is unclear
    • mood stabilizing
  24. antiparkinson drugs?
    • Cogentin
    • Artane
  25. Xanax, Valium, Ativan are examples of
    Benzos or antianxiety agents increasing the effects of GABA producing a calming effect
  26. Klonopin
    anticonvulsant, antianxiety, benzo, mood stabilizing
  27. Prozac, Zoloft are used as
    antidepressants SSRI
  28. Lithium (Escalith)
    • mood stabilizing
    • alters Na++in brain, lithium levels needed, controls mania symptomslow Na+ diet, fluids, polyuria
  29. Tegretol, Depakote, Depakene, Neurontin are
    anticonvulsants (mood stablizing)
  30. what are Extrapyramidal symptoms?
    acute adverse effects of an antipyschotic drug, most common are tremors, rigidity and dystonic reactions
  31. pseudoparkinsonism
    tremors, mask like facial expressions, rigidity, drooling loss of assoc movements of arms and some restlessness
  32. dystonia
    muscle rigidity, abnormal posturing, protrusion of tongue, mandibular movements
  33. akathesia
    motor restlessness
  34. dyskinesia
    sudden onset
  35. MAOI- antidepressants are last line why? and name 2.
    • Major SE, GI (tyramine) needs special low tyramine diet
    • Nardil
    • Parnate
  36. typical (older) antipyschotics
    Thorazine, Mellaril, Prolixin, Stelazine, Navane, Haldol,
  37. Atypical (newer) antipyschotics
    • Clozaril
    • Zyprxia
    • Seroquel
    • Resperdal
    • can cause EPS
  38. considerations for antipyschotics
    • produce calming effects w/out sedating
    • controls "positive" symptoms
    • no tylenol (interacts with drugs that affect liver detoxifcation)
    • EPS symptoms, NMS, monitor WBC with Clozaril
  39. Antidepressant categories
    • Tricyclics- affect reabsorption of Nor Epi and Seratonin (risk of OD)
    • SSRI's blocks reabsoprtion of Serotonin (take in AM)
    • MAOI (last line) blocks MAO needed to metabolize nor epi, seratonin and dopamine. Low tyramine diet
  40. beta blocker for anti anxiety?
    Inderal (propanolol)
  41. Anti-anxiety
    • action: blocks GABA causes sedation
    • can be abused, pysical dependance, intentional OD
    • Dont stop Benzos abruptly
  42. most important pharmacolocig characteristics of antipyschotic drugs are:
    • 1. ability to calm aggresive pts
    • 2. failure of large doses to produce deep coma
    • 3. production or reversible or irreversible effects on the EP system
    • 4. lack of notable tendency to produce physical dependance
  43. difference of antianxiety and antipyschotic?
    antianxiety no EPS
Card Set
psych meds
main pysch meds that were mentioned in lecture