Anatomy Old Exam

  1. The vocal folds are located in the:

    D) Larynx
  2. Increasing the tension on the vocal folds causes an increase in:

    D) Pitch
  3. The respiratory membrane consists primarily of:

    D) Simple squamous epithelium
  4. Boyle's law states that gas volume is:

    C) Inversely proportional to pressure
  5. Dalton's law states that:

    C) in a mixture of fases, the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures
  6. Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is:

    B) bound to heme in hempglobin
  7. Carbon dioxide is transported by the blood:

    A) all of these
  8. The most important regulator of breathing rate is:

    B) carbon dioxide
  9. If you inhale as deeply as possible and then exhale as much as possible, this volume of air is called:

    A) vital capacity
  10. Decreasing the pH of the blood will cause oxygen binding to hemoglobin to:

    B) decrease
  11. Decreasing the temperature of the blood will cause oxygen binding to hemoglobin to:

    A) increase
  12. Surfactant:

    C) decreases surface tension
  13. Which is an accessory organ of digestion?

    A) pancreas
  14. The myenteric plexus is:

    A) a network of neurons
  15. The activities of the digestive tract are regulated by

    B) all of these
  16. Parietal calls secrete:

    D) HCL
  17. Bile is:

    D) an emulsifier
  18. An intestinal hormone the stimulates the release of pancreatic bicarbonate is:

    D) secretin
  19. Enterokinase:

    C) is a brush border enzyme
  20. Hepatic blood supply comes:

    C) mostly from the hepatic artery
  21. Gastric Inhibitory Peptide (GIP) is secreted when:

    D) when fats and carbs enter the SI
  22. The role of the large intestine includes:

    D) all of these
  23. Brush border enzymes include:

    C) lactase
  24. Which of the following is secreted in an inactive form?

    D) pepsin
  25. Plicae and intestinal villi:

    A) increase the surface area of the mucosa
  26. Glycolysis:

    B) divides glucose into 2 pyruvic acid 3 carbon molecules
  27. Oxidative phosphorylation:

    C) all of these
  28. The final electron acceptor of oxidative phosphorylation is:

    D) oxygen
  29. The following can be used as substrates in the TCA cycle:

    D) all of these
  30. NADH and FADH2:

    D) all of these
  31. Proteins are not a good choice for catabolism because:

    D) all of these
  32. Which of the following tissues is dependent on glucose for metabolism?

    C) nervous tissue
  33. The postabsorptive state is:

    D) when the body relies on internal energy reserves for energy demands
  34. The vitamin that requires intrinsic factor for absorption is vitamin:

    B) B12
  35. Infants rely on ____ to maintain body temperature.

    B) brown fat
  36. Fatty acids are broken down by the process of:

    A) lipogenesis
  37. Complete proteins contain:

    C) adequate amounts of essential amino acids
  38. Lipoproteins manufactured in the liver are called:

    C) LDLs
  39. Large blood vessels and lymphatics are found in the:

    B) submucosa
  40. Secretion of gastric acid depends on the presence of:

    D) carbonic anhydrase
  41. Gastric activity is increased by the presence of:

    C) gastrin
  42. The carbon dioxide of respiration is created during:

    C) the TCA cycle
  43. Anatomic dead spave is:

    B) the colume of air remaining in conducting passages
  44. The force allowin air to enter the lungs during inspiration is:

    A) atmospheric pressure
  45. The force allowing air to leave the lungs during expiration is:

    A) elastic recoil
  46. The large intestine produces:

    C) all of these
  47. Starches are broken down by:

    C) amylases
  48. Lipid digestion takes place in the:

    D) mouth and intestine
  49. Anticipation of eating food causes an increase in secretion of gastric juice. This phase of gastric secretion is called the ____ phase.

    C) cephalic
  50. Carbohydrates are absorbed into the blood stream as
    (a) disaccharides
    (b) monosaccharides
    (c) oligosaccharides
    (d) polysaccharides
    (b) monosaccharides
  51. Cholesterol

    (A) can be manufactured by most tissues
  52. 12. One difference between anaerobic and aerobic respiration is that

    (B) aerobic respiration produces more ATP than anaerobic respiration.
  53. Which of the following statements about the citric acid cycle is false?

    (B) The major end product of the cycle islactic acid
  54. Beta oxidation results in the formation of
    (a) pyruvate
    (b) acetyl CoA.
    (c) carbon monoxide
    (d) oxaloacetate
  55. The events that occur in the postabsorptive state collectively

    (B) maintain blood glucose levels.
  56. Fatty acids are rebuilt into triglycerides and transported into the lacteal as

    (A) chylomicrons
  57. Which of the following is secreted in an inactive form?

    (B) pepsin
  58. An increase in blood CO2 levels is followed by__ in H+ ions and __ in blood pH.

    (A) increase, decrease
  59. Stimulates gastric acid release

    (B) gastrin
  60. Stimulates the release of bile

    (C) cholecytokinin
  61. Stimulates the release of trypsin

    (C) cholecytokinin
  62. Stimulates the release of bicarbonate

    (C) secretin
Card Set
Anatomy Old Exam
Anatomy Exam 3 Old Questions