wheelocks 24

    a phrase consisting generally of a noun/pronoun and a modifying participle in the ablative case; loosly connected to the rest of the sentence, usually set off by commas, describing the conditions under which the action of the sentence occurs.

    • ex. Roma visa, viri gaudebunt.
    • Rome having been seen, the men were rejoicing.

    typ. structure - noun fillers participle
  2. passive periphrastic
    • a passive verb form consisting of the gerundive (or future passive participle) and a form of sum
    • the gerundive form agrees with the subject of sum in gender, number and case
    • eg - haec femina laudanda est - this woman is to be praised
    • used to convey necessary, obligatory or appropriate action
    • id faciendum est - this has to be done
    • id faciendum erat - this had to be done
    • id faciendum erit - this will have to be done
  3. dative of agent
    the dative of agent is used (instead of the ablative of agent) with the passive periphrastic

    • eg - hic liber mihi legendus erit -
    • this book will have to be read by me
    • i ought to/must/should read this book
  4. Carthage
    Carthago, Carthaginis, f.
  5. tale, story; play
    fabula, fabulae, f.
  6. general, commander-in-chief
    imperator, imperatoris, m. (3rd d)
  7. power to command, supreme power, authority, command, control
    imperium, imperii, n. (2nd d)
  8. refuge, shelter
    perfugium, perfugii, n.
  9. slave
    servus, servi, m. and serva, servae, f.
  10. comfort, relief
    solacium, solacii, n.
  11. wound
    vulnus, vulneris, n. (3rd d)
  12. back, again; inseparable prefix
    re-, red-
  13. as, just as, when
    ut, conj. + indic.
  14. afterwards, adv.
  15. to take, receive, accept
    accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum (3)
  16. to take out, except; take, rececive, capture
    excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptum (3)
  17. to take back, regain, admit, receive
    recipio,recipere, recepi, receptum (3)
  18. to strike, push; drive out, banish
    pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum (3)
  19. to drive out, expel, banish
    expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum (3)
  20. to tell, report, narrate
    narro, narrare, narravi, narratum (1)
  21. to seek, look for, strive for; ask, inquire
    quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quasitum (3)
  22. to laugh, laugh at,
    rideo, ridere, risi, risum (2)
Card Set
wheelocks 24
passive periphrastic, ablative absolute, dative of agent/gerundive