classics 30

  1. Aineias:
    Son of Anchises and Aphrodite, Aeneas is a hero in the Trojan War.(You can spell his name either way).
  2. Aphrodite
    Goddess of Love, born from the genitals of Ouranos in Hesiod's Theogony.She also features as the lover of Anchises and mother of Aineias in the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite. See further her role in Homer's Iliad and - eventually - Virgil's Aeneid.
  3. Danae
    Danae is the mother of the hero Perseus. Her father locks her up in a room, but Zeus still manages to impregnate her through a shower of gold.
  4. Elpis
    "Hope" The Greek word for 'hope' and 'expectation.' Elpis is the only thing left inside Pandora's jar when she opens it in the Works and Days (lines 115 ff.)
  5. Eos and Tithonos:
    • Eos (the goddess of Dawn) falls in love with the mortal Tithonos. She asks Zeus to grant him immortality but forgets to ask for ethernal
    • youth...
  6. Ganymede
    Beautiful boy whom Zeus falls in love with and takes up to Olympos to be his cup-bearer. Ganymede receives immortality and eternal youth.
  7. Leda
    Zeus has sex with Leda in the form of a swan, and Helen is an offspring of their union.
  8. Pandora
    Hesiod, Theogony, Works and Days. Pandora is the first woman, and creates the race of women. She is manufactured by Zeus and the other gods in return for (and as punishment for) Prometheus' theft of fire. Pandora opens up the jar that she was given (and told not to open) with disastrous results for the history of human kind.
  9. Troy
    site of Judgment of Paris and the Trojan War. Located on west coast of Asia Minor (Turkey).
  10. Apollo
    Son of Zeus and Leto, sister of Artemis. Apollo's 3 timai are the bow, the lyre, and prophecy. Born in Delos, Apollo founds a sanctuary at Delphi.
  11. Delphi
    Homeric hymn to Apollo. Site of Apollo's sanctuary and oracle in Northern Greece (see map in Athanassakis).
  12. Hera
    Hera is the wife of Zeus and queen of the gods. Her special province (timE) is marriage. Ironically, her own marriage to Zeus is full of problems
  13. Hermes
    The trickster god who is born from Zeus and Maia. He begins life in relative obscurity but works his way into the Pantheon, where he takes on the honors or attributes (timai) of messenger, shepherd, and companion to mortals. He is also the god of boundaries and travel. He has to steal his TimE
  14. aetiological myth:
    • An example of a myth that explains something about a custom, ritual, or natural/scientific phenomena in ancient society, or even why something was named the way it was.
    • ex: why human eat meat/ gods eat bones... why we have disease and toil
  15. Demeter:
    Sister of Zeus and mother of Persephone (with Zeus). Founds mystery religion at Eleusis with Persephone. Goddess of agriculture and grain.
  16. Demophoon:
    Homeric Hymn to Demeter. Son of the mortal woman Metaneira, whom Demeter comes to in disguise as a mortal nursemaid. Demeter attempts to make him immortal and ageless by putting him in the fire every night and anointing him with ambrosia. Compare to other mortals who attain or almost attain divine status
  17. Hades
    Brother of Zeus who is given the realm of the Underworld (also called Hades) by Zeus as his timE. Marries Persephone in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter
  18. Persephone:
    • Persephone is abducted into the Underworld by Hades in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter. She works out a compromise with her new husband so that she
    • can spend 2 thirds of the year with her mother and a third underground with him. Persephone shares with Demeter the rites of the Eleusynian Mysteries.
  19. Achilles
    Iliad. Greatest hero of the Achaeans, son of Peleus and Thetis. Argues with Agamemnon and sits out much of the fighting in the Iliad, because his honor has been insulted. Kills Hector in book 22
  20. Agamemnon
    • Iliad; we will also encounter him in Odyssey books 1-4 and Aeschylus' Oresteia. Leader of the Achaeans (Greeks) at Troy, argues with Achilles.
    • Brother of Menelaus
  21. Diomedes
    Greek hero who wounds Aphrodite on the battlefield in book 5 of the Iliad (As the son of a hero from the previous generation, Tydeus, you'll see him also referred to in this way - e.g. at beginning of the reading from Iliad 5
  22. kleos
    • Iliad, Odyssey. Greek word meaning fame, honor, reputation. a marker of heroic status.
    • -sons should uphold kleos of father
    • -transmitted through song and memory
  23. Odysseus
    Greek hero of Homer's Odyssey. Marked by his cunning, cleverness, and ability to endure pain and suffering. Also appears in the Iliad. Favorite of Athena
  24. Thetis
    Iliad; Theogony. Daughter of Nereus (old man of the sea), an immortal who is married to the mortal man Peleus and who gives birth to Achilles.
  25. Hector:
    Iliad. Greatest hero of the Trojans, the tragedy of his death closes the Iliad. Brother of Paris, killed by Achilles.
  26. Homer:
    Iliad; Odyssey; Oral poet, composer of Iliad and Odyssey. Active in about the 8th century BCE (much about him is unknown). See further Muses, epic
  27. Sarpedon
    • Iliad.
    • Son of Zeus who dies in book 16 of the Iliad. Zeus is torn over whether to save his son or whether to let him die as fate has appointed.
  28. nostos
    Odyssey. 'homecoming' (we get our word nostalgia, homesickness from this word). Word used to describe the returns of the Greek heroes from Troy after the city has been captured. The story of Odysseus' nostos to Ithaca is told in the first 12 books of the Odyssey, but in many ways his true nostos, his real return home, does not take place until the very end of the poem.
  29. Phemius
    Oral poet (bard) in Odyssey who sings of trojan heroes, to keep the suitors entertained (book 1). similar to Homer
  30. Telemachus
    Odyssey 1-4. Son of Odysseus and Penelope, just reaching age of manhood when Odyssey opens.
  31. Telemachy
    • Odyssey. A name given to the first
    • four books of the Odyssey, because Odysseus does not appear until book
    • 5. The Telemachy can be thought of as a 'mini-Odyssey' - Telemachus' wanderings to different areas of Greece in search of news (more accurately the kleos) of his father.
  32. Xenophanes
    • Presocratic philosopher who criticized Homer and Hesiod for their portrayal of the gods (too immoral, too anthropomorphic).
    • -Suggests a spherical God
Card Set
classics 30
classics 30