treatment of Psychological Disorders

  1. psychotherapy
    the treatment of psychological disorders through talking and other psychological methods
  2. psychiatrists
    medical doctors who have completed special training in the treatment of psychological disorders
  3. psychologists
    among therapists, those whose education includes completion of a master's or (usualy) a doctoral degree in clinical or counseling psychology, often followed by additional specialty
  4. psychoanalysis
    a method of psychotherapy that seks to help clients gain insight by recognizing and understanding unconscious thoughts and emotion
  5. client-centered therapy (person centered therapy) a
    a therapy that allows the client to decide what to talk about, without direction, judgment, or interpretation from the therapist
  6. unconditional positive regard
    a therapist attitude that conveys a caring for, and acceptance of, the client as a valued person
  7. empathy
    the therapist's attempt to appreciate and understand how the world looks from the client's point of view
  8. reflection
    an active listening method in which a therapist conveys empathy by paraphrasing clients' statements and noting accompanying feelings
  9. congruence
    a consistency between the way therapists feel and the way they act toward clients
  10. Gestalt therapy
    an active treatment designed to help clients get in touch with genuine feelings and disown foreign ones
  11. behavior therapy
    treatments that use classical conditioning principles to change behavior
  12. behavior modification
    treatments that use operant conditioning methods to change behavior
  13. cognitive-behavior therapy
    learning-based treatment methods that help clients change the way they think, as well as the way they behave
  14. systematic desensitization
    a behavioral treatment for anxiety in which clients visualize a graduated series of anxiety-provoking stimuli while remaining relaxed
  15. modeling
    demonstrating desirable behaviors as a way of teaching them to cleints
  16. assertiveness training and social skills training
    methods for teaching clients how to interact with others more comfortably and effectively
  17. possitive reinforcement A
    a therapy method that uses rewards to strenthen desirable behaviors
  18. token economy
    a system for imprving the behavior of intitutionalized clients in which desirable behaviors are rewarded with tokens that can be exchanged for desired items or activities
  19. extinction
    the gradual disappearance of a conditioned response or operant behavior through nonreinforcement
  20. flooding
    a procedure for reducing anxiety that involves keeping a person in a feared, but harmles, situation
  21. aversion conditioning
    a method that uses classical conditioning to create a negative response to a particular stimulus
  22. punishment
    a therapy method that weakens undesirable behavior by following it with an unpleasant stimulus
  23. rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
    a treatment designed to identify and change self-defeating thoughts that lead to anxiety and other symptoms or disorder
  24. cognitive therapy
    a treatment in which the therapist helps clients to notice and change negative thoughts associated with anxiety and depression
  25. group therapy
    psychotherapy involving several unrelated clients
  26. family therapy
    treatment of two or more individuals from the same family
  27. couples therapy
    a form of therapy focusing on improving communication between partners
  28. empirically supported therapies
    treatments whose effects have been validated by controlled experimental research
  29. electroconvulsive therapy
    brief electrival shock administered to the brain, usually to reduce depression that does not respond to drug treatment
  30. psychosurgery
    surgical procedures that destroy tissue in small regions of the brain in an effort to treat psychological disorders
  31. neuroleptics
    drugs that alleviate the symptoms of severe disorders such as schizophrenia
  32. antidepressants
    drugs that relieve depression
  33. anxiolytics
    drugs that reduce feelings of anxiety
  34. community psychology
    a movement to minimize or prevent psychological disorders through changes in social systems and through community mental health programs
Card Set
treatment of Psychological Disorders