Ch 13

  1. What is adolescence?
    The period between onset of puberty and adulthood.
  2. What is macular degeneration?
    Progressive deterioration of the macula, an area in the center of the retina, that eventually leads to loss of central vision.
  3. What is menarche?
    First menstrual period.
  4. What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    An infection of one or more of the structures in the urinary tract; usually caused by bacteria.
  5. What is epiphyses?
    The heads of the long bones that are separated from the shaft of the bone until the bone stops growing.
  6. What is the National School Lunch Program?
    A USDA program that provides nutritious lunches and the opportunity to practice skills learned in classroom nutrition education; enacted in 1946 to provide U.S. children with at least one healthful meal every school day.
  7. What is hyperactivity?
    A maladaptive and abnormal increase in activity that is inconsistent with developmental levels. Includes frequent fidgeting, inappropriate running, excessive talking, and difficulty in engaging in quiet activities.
  8. What is anorexia of aging?
    Loss of appetite and wasting associated with old age.
  9. What is puberty?
    The period of life during which the secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce is attained.
  10. What is childhood?
    The period of life from age 1 to the onset of puberty.
  11. An inflammatory skin eruption that usually occurs in or near the sebaceous glands of the face, neck, shoulders, and upper back is?
  12. What is a USDA program that helps single people and families with little or no income to buy food?
    The Food Stamp Program
  13. What is a Nutrition Program is a federally funded program that provides older persons with nutritionally sound meals through meals-on-wheels programs or in senior citizen centers and similar congregate settings?
    The Older Americans Act
  14. What assists schools in providing a nutritious morning meal to children nationwide?
    The School Breakfast Program
  15. What disease is a presenile dementia characterized by accumulation of plaques in certain regions of the brain and degeneration of a certain class of neurons?
  16. Households whose members take in enough calories but have diets of reduced quality that do not meet all daily nutritional requirements are what?
    food-insecure households.
  17. What helps children in lower-income families to continue receiving nutritious meals during long school vacations when they do not have access to school lunch or breakfast?
    • The Summer Food Service Program
    • What is a voluntary, not-for-profit organization established to provide nutritious meals to homebound people (regardless of age) so they may maintain their independence and quality of life?
    • Meals on Wheels
  18. High levels of vitamins in the blood, usually a result of excess supplement intake, are called what?
  19. The minimum amount of flavor that must be present for a taste to be detected is called?
    the taste threshold.
  20. What does lead toxicity cause?
    • Slow growth
    • Iron deficiency anemia
    • Damage to Brain and CNS
  21. At what age do boys have their growth spurt?
  22. At what age do girls have their growth spurt?
  23. How many inches and pounds do boys add during their growth spurt?
    8 inches and 45 pounds
  24. How many inches and pounds do girls add during their growth spurt?
    6 inches and 35 pounds
  25. What are the two biggest things that contribute to obesity?
    Soda intake and inactivity
  26. What is the best way to keep our bones healthy?
    Weight bearing excersise
  27. How much protein does an adult need?
  28. How much fat does an adult need?
    less than 20%
  29. How many meds can an elderly person have unless they have a severe medical problem?
  30. Who does osteoporosis most commonly effect?
    white females
  31. During childhood,how many inches and pounds will a child gain per year?
    5 pounds and 2-3 inches
  32. The nutrient that is the hardest for children to get adequate amounts of in their diets is?
  33. WIC is availiable until the child is how old?
    5 years
  34. In child over three what do we try and reduce to prevent chronic diease?
    Fats, Sat. fat, and cholesterol
  35. By adulthood how much of a womans body is fat?
  36. By adulthood how much of a mans body is fat?
  37. What vitimin helps with acne?
    Vitimin A
  38. People who gain weight after what age have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease?
  39. Physiological functions that affect our mobility begin to decline at the age of?
Card Set
Ch 13
Childhood through adulthood