Intro to Medical Science

  1. Syncope is _____________.

    A. lightheadedness
  2. Diastole is the _____________.
    a. filling phase of the heart
    b. contracting phase of the heart
    c. alternation between relaxation and excitation of the heart
    d. impulse of the heart
    a. filling phse of the heart
  3. The major cholesterol carreir in the blood is ____________.

    A. LDL
  4. Blockage of the ____________ can reduce blood supply to the brain, causing a stroke.

    A. carotid artery
  5. The most common cause of an aortic aneurysm is _____________.

    A. artherosclerosis
  6. A procedure invovling insertion of a ballong-tipped catheter into the femoral artery to the hearts is called _________.

    B. angioplasty
  7. The mitral valve is located ___________.

    B. between the left atrium and the left ventricle
  8. The pacemaker of the heart is the _____________.

    B. sinoatrical node
  9. An inflammatory disease of the heart muscle _____________.

    A. myocarditis
  10. Rheumatic heart disease is also known as a (n) __________ disease because it resutls from a reaction between bacterial antigens and the pateint's antibodies.

    B. autoimmune
  11. The most important component of red blood cells is ___________.

    C. hemoglobin
  12. In anemia of chronic disease and anemia of chronic renal failure, the defect in the sythesis of red blood cells is due to a lack of _____________.

    A. erythropoeisis
  13. Pernicious anemia is due to inadequate absorption of ____________.

    D. vitamin b12
  14. The minimum daily requirement of folic acid is about __________ micrograms.

    D. 50
  15. Disorders affecting the structure and function or production of hemoglobin are classified as _____________.

    A. hemoglobinopathy
  16. Deficient synthesis of one or more of the alpha or beta chains of the hemoglobin molecule is characteristic of _____________.

    B. thalassemia
  17. A disease of increased viscosity of the blood with associate neurological symptoms is known as __________.

    C. polycythemia vera
  18. ____________ is an autoimmune disorder resulting in destruction of platelets.

    D. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  19. ________________ is an X-linked recessive disorder that primarily affects males and results in a deficiency of clotting factor VIII.
    a. isseminated intravascular coagulation
    b. Polycythemia vera
    c. Hemophillia A
    d. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    c. Hemophillia A
  20. _________ is a reduction in circulating red blood cells that increases the risk for severe bacterial and fungal infections.

    C. Neutropenia
  21. Which of the following can cause chronic uremia?

    D. surgical shock
  22. What is inflammation of the kidney tissue known as?

    D. pyelonephritis
  23. What is inflammation restricted to the renal pelvis called?

    B. pyelitis
  24. Which disease or condition features a breath odor similar to the ammonia-like odor of urine?

    B. uremia
  25. Which of the following is TRUE about urinary tract infections?

    C. usually exhibit dysuria, urgency, and frequency
  26. Which form of kidney dialysis permits a patient to retain mobility?

    C. peritoneal dialysis
  27. The inability to control urination is called ____________.

    A. incontinence
  28. What dietary restriction helps to prevent uric acid calculi?

    B) a. protein
  29. What primarily causes the edema associated with nephritic syndrome?

    C. decreased plasma protein
  30. Which of the following includes a reduced sensitivity to ADH, incontinence, and increased urination frequency?

    D. aging
  31. Calcuim (oxalate, phosphate) is the most common form of renal calculus. True or False
Card Set
Intro to Medical Science
Chapters 6,7 and 10