drugs final exam1.txt

  1. current use
    at least one drink in the past 30 days
  2. binge use
    5 or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day int he past 30 days
  3. heavy use
    5 or mroe drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days
  4. Race/ ethnicity &alchohal 2010
    aged 12 and older- whites more likely to drink than other races.
  5. What race has the lowest binge alch use?
  6. what race has the highest binge drinking
    hispanics and then american indians
  7. Race and current alch use list
    whites most likely, hispanics, american indians, then blacks
  8. people 18 and older, does alchohal use increase with increased levels of education?
    adults with less than a highschool education, 36.8 were current drinkers. while 69.1& college graduates were current drinkers
  9. adults with some college education and drinking statistics
    24.7 % binge drinkers and 8.0% binge drinkers.
  10. adults who graduated from college/ binge/heavy drinking rates
    heavy and binge drinking rates were 23.1% and 6.6%
  11. college students enrolled full time in college & alchohal
    more likely than their peers not enrolled in college to use alch, binge and drink heavily.
  12. statistics of full time college students drinking in 2010
    63.3 current drinkers, 42.2 binge drinkers, 15.6 heavy drinkers.
  13. binge drinking ages 18-22
    declining some what.
  14. employment and alchohal
    current use of alchohal rate was 64.8 for full time employed people 18 and older. the rate of binge and heavy drinking for unemployed people is higher than full time employed people.
  15. binge drinkers statistics
    56.6 million adult binge drinkers, 42.3 million employed full or part time. there are 16.5 million heavy drinkers and 12.2 million are employed.
  16. the rate of past month alch use people 12 and older in 2012 lowest in?
    the south
  17. people aged 12 and older- past month alch use in geographic areas?
    highest in large metropolitan areas. but binge drinking is equally prevelant among large metro areas, smalll metro areas and non metro areas.
  18. statistics of binge alch use among youth 12-17
    7.8 in large metro areas, 7.7 in small metro areas, and 8.5 in nonmetro areas.
  19. What reign do the first pot references date back to?
    Chinese Emperor Shen Nung when it was used as a medicine
  20. What was pot used for?
    migrane headaches, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, and patients who contracted rabies.
  21. What negative effects does pot have according to animal studies?
    it can permantly alter serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brains. Raising the rick of depression and anxiety.
  22. in 2010, persons 12 and older how many new pot users?
    1.4 million first time pot users.
  23. What is cocaine produced from?
    Erythroxylon coca. Made by heating powder cocaine, water and baking soda. Until 1903 Cocola contained 60 mg of cocaine powder.
  24. Crack
    The name given to cocaine that has been processed with baking soda and transformed into a more potenet smokable rock form.the name refers to the crackling sound when the rock is heated. The most potent form of cocaine. It is a stimulant. It is the riskiest form of coke because smoking it allows it reach the brain faster. Smoking it brings a fast intense high that lasts about 15 minutes.
  25. cocaine
    is a stimulant
  26. coke and coco-cola
    up until 1903, 60 mg of cocaine was in each 8 ounce serving
  27. coke was first synthesized and named by?
    Albert Neiman
  28. Where is 98% of the worlds cocaine produced by?
    Peru, Bolivia and Columbia
  29. How much does Peru produce?
    50 %
  30. Which country is the largest consumer of cocaine?
    the united states
  31. What does a gram of cocaine yeild?
    25- 30 lines
  32. erythroxyline was first isolated by which german chemist?
    friedrich gaedcke in 1855
  33. Heroin
    the number of people who used heroin in the past month was .2 million. it is the most abused and most addicting of all opiates.
  34. 2010 how many users 12 and older tried heroin for the first time? what is the average age?
    140,000. it is 21 years
  35. what is heroin processed from?
    morphine, extracted from the seed pod of certain varietes of poppy plants.
  36. how is heroin sold?
    as white or brown powder, or as the black sticky substance known as black tar heroin.
  37. what is most street heroin cut with?
    sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine
  38. why are heroin users at risk for overdose?
    because they dont know the actual strength of the drug or its true contents, can be cut with poisons
  39. why does heroin pose other problems?
    because of the transmission of HIV that can occur from sharing needles.
  40. how is heroin usually taken? how many times a day does a user inject?
    injected, sniffed, or smoked. a heorin user might inject up to 4 times a day.
  41. which type of method of heroin consumption produced the greatest intensity?
    intravenous injections- most rapid onset of europhoria. while intramuscular injection produces a slow onset of europhoria
  42. how long does it take to feel effects when heroin is sniffed or snorted?
    10 to 15 minutes.
  43. what is the most common method taking heorin?
    injection, smoking isant as commmon but some people in denver do it. the decrease in prices and higher purity of heorin has increased the appeal for new heorin users to inject it.
  44. effects of meth
    produces a surge of dopamine, causing an intence rush of pleasure or prolonged sense of europhia
  45. what does meth destroy over time?
    dopamine receptors, making it impossible to feel pleasure. these can heal over time but damage to users cognitive ability may be permanent.
  46. what can chronic meth use lead to?
    paranoia, insomnia, anxiety, extreme aggression, delusions and hallucinations and even death.
  47. what on meth dopamine levels jump to?
    1250 units, 200 units with sex, and 350 units with coke.
  48. what are visible signs of a meth user?
    acne, sores taking longer to heal, skin loosing its luster and elasticity, making the user appear much older. meth abuse causes the destruction of tissues and blood vessels.
  49. what is the most striking effect of meth use?
    extreme change in physical appearance, it causes the blood vessels to constrict.
  50. why are some meth users covered in small sores?
    they have excessive skin picking brought on by hallucination of having bugs crawling beneath the skin, a disorder known as formication.
  51. what is meth mouth characterized as?
    broken, discolored and rotting teeth. the drug causes the salivary glands to dry out, which allows the mouths acid to eat away at tooth enamel. teeth are also furtherly damaged when users grind their teeth, binge on sugary drinks and dont brush or floss their teeth for long periods of time.
Card Set
drugs final exam1.txt
drugs final