History 42 Test 2

  1. The Puerto Rican experience is more similar to the ________ or _________ than to any Latin American group.
    African Americans or Native Americans
  2. Who attempted to overthrow Castro in the Bay of Pigs invasion.
    The CIA and Cuban exiles
  3. Who was the President of Socialist movement in Puerto Rico?
    Pedro Albizu Campos.
  4. Which army unit was composed entirely of Puerto Ricans?
    The 65th Infantry
  5. Does racial tension exist in the Puerto Rican community?
  6. When was the first Cuban migration?
    During the war of Independence.
  7. The Foraker Act, passed by Congress in _____, declared Puerto Rico a U.S. Territory.
  8. Under American control, Puerto Ricans exercesied _____ ______ _____ control then under Spanish colonial control.
    less political control
  9. In the Downes v. Bidwell decision, the Supreme Court ruled that Puerto Rico was ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ __.
    not an incorporated part of the U.S.
  10. The Jones Act, passed by Congress in ______, decared that Puerto Rians were __________ __________.
    1917; American citizens
  11. In _____, Puerto Ricans voted to approve the _________ Status for Puerto Rico.
    1952; Commonwealth
  12. An unexpected consequence of ______ ________ was significant immigration from the island to the mainland,
    "Operation Bootstrap"
  13. The _______ __________ in the Cuban Constitution permitted U.S. intervention in the internal affairs of Cuba.
    Platt Amendment
  14. True/ False:It was not until after independence that the U.S. acquired any significant control ofCuba’s agricultural production.
  15. The ____ ______ march in _______ resulted in the biggest massacre in Puerto Rican history.
    Palm Sunday; 1937
  16. Who/what was Cuba's first dictator, Gerardo Machado toppled by?
    He was toppled by a nationwide general strike.
  17. Who replaced Machado as Cuba's second dictator?
    Fulgencio Batista.
  18. True/ False: Most Americans regard Puerto Ricans as de facto foreigners?
  19. When was Batista Cuba's unquestioned ruler?
  20. Batista staged a coup and returned to power in _____.
  21. What date did Batista's regime collapse? Why?
    January 1st, 1959. It collapsed as a result of the guerilla struggle of Fidel Castro.
  22. By ____ more than a million Puerto Ricans lived in the USA (mainland)
  23. True/ False: More than a million Puerto Ricans were living in Miami in the mid-60's/
  24. What classroom environment were Puerto Ricans educated in?
    Sink or swim classrooms.
  25. The Puerto Rican experience was closer to ______ in France before independence or Irish Catholics in ________ today.
    Algerians; England
  26. True/ False: Cuban refugees from the 80's were primarily from the lower class.
  27. Who are the only immigrants from Latin America that arrived to the U.S. without the need of a visa?
    Puerto Ricans.
  28. More than ______ Puerto Ricans emigrated from the Carribean to New York City in _____.
    40,000; 1946
  29. As a result of the _________ ________ __________, Cuban refugees became instantly eligibe for public assistance.
    Cuban Adjustment Act
  30. True/ False: The Marielito Cuban refugees of the 80's were demographically similar to thhose of the 60's?
  31. On what terms do Puerto Ricans have to choose racial identity?
    On black and white terms.
  32. True/ False: Even though the television market is primarily Mexican, live programming is dominatedby Cuban producers.
  33. True/ False: Brothers to the Rescue are a Puerto Rican self-help organization.
  34. What were the precedent setting cases against the Foraker Act know as?
    The " Insular Cases"
  35. Who is least likely to identify themselves as an ethnic group?
    Cuban refugees
Card Set
History 42 Test 2
Puerto Ricans and Cubans