AP U.S. history 1521-1550

  1. Moon race, Neil Armstrong
    • Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon,
    • beating the Communists in the moon race and fulfilling Kennedy's goal. Cost $24
    • billion.
  2. Sunbelt versus Frostbelt
    • A
    • trend wherein people moved from the northern and eastern states to the south
    • and southwest region from Virginia to California.
  3. Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique
    • 1963
    • - Depicted how difficult a woman's life is because she doesn't think about
    • herself, only her family. It said that middle-class society stifled women and
    • didn't let them use their talents. Attacked the "cult of
    • domesticity."
  4. National
    Organization for Women (NOW)
    • Inspired
    • by Betty Frieden, a reform organization that battled for equal rights with men
    • by lobbying and testing laws in court. NOW wanted equal employment
    • opportunities, equal pay, ERA, divorce law changes, and legalized abortion.
  5. Equal
    Rights Amendment (ERA)
    • Proposed
    • the 27th Amendment, calling for equal rights for both sexes. Defeated in the
    • House in 1972.
  6. National
    Women's Political Caucus
    • Established
    • by Betty Frieden, encouraged women to seek help or run for political office.
  7. Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed
    • Nader said that poor design and construction of
    • automobiles were the major causes of highway deaths. He upset Congress by
    • asking for legislation regulating car design and creation of national auto
    • safety board, NATSA.
  8. Nixon, "New Federalism"
    • Slogan
    • which meant returning power to the states, reversing the flow of power and
    • resources from states and communities to Washington,
    • and start power and resources flowing back to people all over America. Involved a 5-year plan to
    • distribute $30 billion of federal revenues to states.
  9. Spiro
    T. Agnew, his resignation
    • October,
    • 1973 - Nixon's vice-president resigned and pleaded "no contest" to
    • charges of tax evasion on payments made to him when he was governor of Maryland. He was
    • replaced by Gerald R. Ford.
  10. "Revenue Sharing"
    • A
    • Nixon program that returned federal funds to the states to use as they saw fit.
  11. Wage
    and price controls
    • To
    • curb inflation, President Nixon froze prices, wages, and revenues for 90 days.
  12. Nixon versus Congress
    • January, 1973 - Republican party operatives who had
    • broken into the Democratic party facility at the Watergate Hotel convicted of
    • burglary. Investigation of possible White House involvement
    • disclosed existence of Nixon's tapes of meetings, but the President refused to
    • turn over the tapes to Congress. Opposition to Nixon created unity in Congress
    • that allowed passage of legislation Nixon had opposed.
  13. Watergate
    • June
    • 17, 1972 - five men arrested for breaking into the Democratic National
    • Committee's executive quarters in the Watergate Hotel. Two White House aides
    • were indicted; they quit, Senate hearing began in May, 1973, Nixon admitted to
    • complicity in the burglary. In July, 1974, Nixon's impeachment began, so he
    • resign with a disbarment.
  14. Committee
    for the Reelection of the President (CREEP)
    • Established
    • in 1971 to help Nixon get reelected. Involved in illegal activities such as the
    • Watergate break-in.
  15. Election of 1972: candidates, issues
    • People
    • feared that George S. McGovern, the Democratic candidate, was an isolationist
    • because he promised cuts in defense spending. Richard M. Nixon, the Republican,
    • promised an end to the Vietnam War and won by 60.7% of the popular vote.
  16. White House "Plumbers"
    • Name
    • given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in
    • 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public
    • and press.
  17. Impeachment
    • Special committee led by Ervin began impeachment talks
    • about Nixon. Impeachment hearing were opened May 9, 1974 against Nixon by the
    • House Judiciary Committee. The Committee recommended 3 articles of impeachment
    • against Nixon: taking part in a criminal conspiracy to obstruct justice,
    • "repeatedly" failing to carry out his constitutional oath, and
    • unconstitutional defiance of committee subpoenas. Nixon resigned
  18. SALT I Agreement
    • Strategic Arms Limitations Talks by Nixon and Brezhnev
    • in Moscow in
    • May,
  19. China visit, 1972
    • Nixon visited for a week to meet with Chairman Mao
    • Tse-Tung for improved relations with China, Called "ping-pong
    • diplomacy
  20. Recognition of China
    • Nixon
    • established a trade policy and recognized the People's Republic of China, which surprised many because China had been
    • an enemy during the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
  21. War
    Powers Act, 1973
    • Gave
    • any president the power to go to war under certain circumstances, but required
    • that he could only do so for 90 days before being required to officially bring
    • the matter before Congress.
  22. Six
    Day War, 1967
    • Israel responded to a blockade of
    • the port of Elath
    • on the Gulf of Aqaba by Egypt
    • in June, 1967, by launching attacks on Egypt,
    • and its allies, Jordan and Syria.
    • Won certain territories for defense.
  23. Yom Kippur War, 1973
    • Frustrated
    • by their losses in the Six-Days War, Egypt
    • and Syria launched a
    • surprise attack on Israel
    • during the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur on October 6, 1973. Israel counterattacked, won a decisive victory,
    • and had even occupied portions of northern Egypt.
  24. .
    Henry S. Kissinger, "Shuttle Diplomacy"
    • Policy
    • of this Secretary of State to travel around the world to various nations to
    • discuss and encourage the policy of detente.
  25. Twenty-Fifth
    • Made
    • the replacement of a vice president the same as for a Supreme Court justice, i.e.,
    • the president nominates someone and Congress decides.
Card Set
AP U.S. history 1521-1550