physical characteristics that distinguish one group from another.
the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because of their presumed race or ethnic group.
having distinctive cultural characteristics.
people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination.
the group with most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status.
activities designed to discover, enhance, or maintain ethnic, and radical identification.
the view that Americans of various backgrounds would blend into a sort of ethnic stew.
an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or a group.
prejudice and discrimination on the basis of race.
an attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way.
the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics.
the negative treatment of minority group that is built into a society's institutions; also called "systemic discrimination."
an individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else's troubles.
Theodor Adorno's term for people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors.
reserve labor force
the unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of as being "in reserve"--capitalists taken them "out of reserve" (put them back to work) during times of high production and then lay them off (put them back in reserve) when they are no longer needed.
split labor market
workers split along racial, ethnic, gender, age, or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers.
seeing certain features of an object or situation, but remaining blind to others.
to separate acts from feelings or attitudes.
forcing a minority group to move.
a policy of population elimination, including forcible expulsion and genocide.
the policy of economically exploiting minority groups.
the policy of keeping racial-ethnic groups apart.
the process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture.
multiculturalism (also called pluralism)
a philosophy or political policy that permits or encourages ethnic difference.
White Anglo-Saxon Protestant; narrowly, an American.
white immigrants to the United States whose culture differ from that of WASPs.
the sense that better conditions are soon to follow, which, if unfulfilled, increases frustration.
a movement that focuses on common elements in the cultures of Native Americans in order to develop a cross-tribal self-identity and to work toward the welfare of the Native Americans.
Soc: 12 Race and Ethnicity
Chap 12 outline: Laying the Sociological Foundation, Prejudice and Discrimination, Theories of Preudice, Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations, Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States, Looking Toward the Future, Summary and Review