1. lungs
    In vertebrates,the organs specialize for the exchange of gases between the blood and the atmosphere.
  2. Central Nervous Sytem
    The divison of the nervous system that include the brain and spinal cord.
  3. Bionmial Nomclature
    Two-word system of identifying an organism
  4. Artery
    Blood Vessels that carries blood away from the heart to the tissues and organs of the body
  5. Capillary
    Microscopic blood vessels
  6. Pathogens
    Virus,bacteria and other microscopic organism that cause disease
  7. Antigen
    Any substance that can cause an immune response
  8. Antibodies
    Proteins in the blood that binds to help destroy foreign substance in the body.
  9. Cerebullum
    A part of the human briain below the rear part of the cerebrum coordinates voluntary movements.
  10. Villi
    Small,finger like projections of the linig of the small intestine.
  11. Kidneys
    A pair of organs in vertabraes that excrete nitrogenous waste and regulate the blood chemical balance, produce urine
  12. Pharynx
    The throat
  13. Larynx
    he voice box, connects the pharynx with the trachea
  14. Spleen
    An organ in the lypmphatic system in the upper part of the abdomen that filters out harmful, substance from the blood. The spleen also produces white T-Cell. And removes worn out red blood cells from circulations and maintain a reserve bond supply for the body
  15. Tendons
    Strong bands of connective tissue that attach skeletal muscle to bone
  16. Pancreas
    A gland behind the stmach that functions both the endocrine system and digestive system. Its endocrine functions invovles the secretion into the blood. Which regulates the level of sugar in the body.
  17. Respiration
    The process of releasing energy in a complex series of chemical reactions
  18. Emphysema
    A chronic disease in which the tiny air sacs in the lungs become stretched and enlarged, so that they are less able to supply oxygen to the blood. Emphysema causes shortness f breath and painfull coughingand can increase the likehood of heat disease
  19. Ligament
    The tough fiborus brand of connective tissues
  20. Joint
    A point in the skeleton where the bone meets
  21. Cartilage
    A type of flexiable connective tissue
  22. Bone
    A typ of connective tissues made up of living cells,connective tissue,fibers, and inorganic compounds.
  23. Vein
    Vessels that return blood from the body tissues to the heart
  24. Hormone
    The secretion of the endocrine gland
  25. Endocrine System
    The system of the body that regulates overall metabolism, homeostatsis growth and reproduction.
  26. Alveoli
    Small cup-shaped cavites in he air sacs where gas exchange occurs.
  27. Bronchi
    Two cartilage-ringed tubes that branch off the trachea and enters the lungs
  28. Liver
    An organ that secrets bile and rmoves toxic substance from blood.
  29. Neurotransmitter
    A substance released from the synaptic knob into the synaptic cleft that initiates impulse in adjacent
  30. Neuron
    A cell specialized for the transmission of impulse; A nerve cell.
  31. Spinal Cord
    The cord of nervous tissues in vertrbrates that extends down from the brain running through the vertebrae of the spinnal column.
  32. Medulla
    The part of the brain beneath the cerebellum and continuos with the spinal cord;controls involuntary ativties
  33. cerebellum
    A part of the himan brain below the rear part of the cerebrum;coordinates; coordinates voluntary movement
  34. Eubacteria
    • -unicellular
    • -prokaryotik
    • moderna
  35. Autotroph
    Plants and other organism that make there own food.
  36. Acid
    Any substance that release hydrogen ions in solutions
  37. Veins
    Found in the spongy layer (aka) vascular bundle
  38. Heteozygous
    Having two diffrent alleles for a trait
  39. Reproduction
    The process by which organism produce new organism of the same type
  40. Photosynthesis
    The process by which oranic compounds are synthesized from in organic carbon
  41. Light Dependent Reactions
    In photosynthesis, a series of reactions requring light in which water of some other compoundsis oxidized and ATP and NADPH are produced.
  42. Light Independent Reaction
    The series of reaction in photosynthesis in which carbon fixation occurs and for which light is not required.
  43. Chloroplast
    The plostides that contain cholorophyill: The sites of photosynthesis in eukaroytic
  44. Thylakoids
    The photosynthesis membranes in the cholorplast which arranged in the shape of flattened sacs.
  45. Cross Tranverse
    The tranverse plane dividing the body or body parts into upper and lower segments this plane is a cross section perpendicular to the longitude planes, tranverse planes of the body called axial or transaxial section by radiologist are commonly seen in CT and MRI studies
  46. Allergy
    Over reaction of the immune response
  47. Vouchsafe
    permit or allow
  48. Carbon Dixode Cycle
    The pathways of carbon dioxide in the ecosystem
  49. cuticle
    Waxy outer covering,helps to water conservation
  50. Glycolysis
    The break down of glucos la carbon of 6 compounds called pyruvic acid(pyruvate)
  51. The chemical equation for cell respiration is...
    • GO--->COWE
    • Glucose,Oxygen--->Carbon Dixode,Water and ATP
  52. Transpiration
    Evaporation of H2O through the leaves
  53. Pholem
    Transport H2O from the leaves to the root
  54. Mesophyll
    Includes the palisades and spongy layers
  55. Stomates
    The space between gaurd cell where oxygen CO2 and H2O are exchanged with the enviroment
  56. Light Dependent occurs in the...
    Thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast
  57. Guard Cells
    Bean shaped cells that control the size of the stomate:expand and contract
  58. Light deependent reaction only occurs in the prescence of...
  59. Photosynthesis only occurs in the plant cells...
  60. Active Transport
    Process of movement of materials across a membrane from lower to higher contractions using energy.
  61. leaf
    The usually thin,flat outgrowth of stems;carry out photosynhesis
  62. Transpiration
    The evaporation of water vapor from plant surface
  63. Cellular respiration is the process of...
    energy from organic molecule(glucose)
  64. Where does cellular respiration occur...
    The mitochondria of the cell
  65. Aerobic uses:
  66. Nuclear is found in the:
    Nucleos of the atom
  67. Aerobic enters in the:
  68. ATP, whle anaerobic only makes
    36 ATP
  69. Veins Contain
    Xylem-pholem cells
  70. Is the main photosymthetic organ of the plant
  71. Is released into the air as a by product
  72. Plant_____,_____use to make___
    sunlight,glucose and carbon dixode
  73. Spongy layer
    Found under the palisades layers has many air spaces that are attracted to the stomates
  74. Photosynthesis only occur in
    plants,autotrhophs and producers
  75. Photosynthesis
    The process of capturing thew energy of sunlight and transforming it into chemical energy(glucose)
  76. Nucleus
    A large structure within a cell that controls the cell metabolism and stores genetic information including chromosomes and DNA
  77. Metabolism
    All the chemicals reactions that occur within the cells of an organism
  78. The steps to glycolysis
    • 1.)Aerobic and Anerobic respiration make a total of 2 ATP
    • 2.)This step itself is anerobic(it doesn't need oxygen to occur)
  79. If no oxygen is present,it will enter the anerobic pathoway and produce
    CO2 and Alchoul
  80. Budding
    • -Same as binary fission except the cytoplasm does not split equally.
    • -Instead it forms a bud that grows into a new organism
  81. Sporulation
    • -Small specialized reproductive cells called spores are released from the parent.
    • -Cells lays dormant until conditions are favorable for reproduction.
    • -Usally favor dark,wet conditions
  82. Regeneration
    • -Development of an entirley new organism from a piecce of the original organism
    • -Needs part of a central care of undefinition cells to occur
  83. Asexual Reproduction
    Used to make identical copies of plant that have desirable traits
  84. Bulbs
    A short round fleshy stem thick leaves
  85. Vegtative Reproduction
    The process in which undiffrentiated plant cells first divide mitotically and then diffrenetiate to produce an independent plant;vegetation propagation
  86. Abiotic
    All physical factors in an ecosystem
  87. Ancestors
    Organism from which one is descended
  88. Aeration
    T expose to air for purification water purification
  89. Synthesis
    A life process that invovles combinig simple substnce into more complex substance
  90. Experiment
    A series of trials or test that are done to support or refute a hypothesis
  91. Body tube
    The part of the microsope that seperates the two censes of a compound microscope
  92. Base Nitrogenous
    One of four molecules that are part of the structure of DNA adeine thymine cytosine and guanine
  93. Ageing
    The long term damage an organism recives during its existance that impairs its ability to repair and rengenerate
  94. Nutrient
    A substance that provides the body with the materialsand the energy needed to carry out the basic life of cells
  95. Vacuole
    Storage sacs within the cytoplasm of a cell that may contain either wastes or useful materials such as water or food.
  96. Adaption
    Inherited trait that improves the organism chance of survival
  97. Base
    The support of a microscope
  98. Antibodies
    Proteins in the blood that binds and destroy forign substance in the body
  99. ATP
    Adenosine Triphospate-The most common molecule used to store and transfer energy in phosphate bonds
  100. Endoplasmic Reticulum
    An organelle that transport proteins and other parts of the cell to another
  101. Mesoderm
    The middle embryonic germ layer,lying between the ectoderm and the endoderm,from which connective tissue,musscle,bone, and the urgentital and circulatory systems develops
  102. Endoderm
    Also called endoplast;The innermost cell layer of the embryo in its gastrual stage
  103. Self Pollination
    The transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of the same flower,another flower of the same of the flower of a plant of the same clone
  104. Cross Pollination
    The transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to another flower of a plant having a diffren genetic contitution
  105. Cancer
    A maliganant and invasive growth or tuor especially one originating inepithelium,tending to recur after excision and to metastasize to other sites
  106. Pistil
    The part of the flower that contains the ovules and through which pollen tubes grow
  107. Interphase
    The period of the cell cycle during which the nucleus is not under going division, typically ocurring between mitotic or mieotic division
  108. Stamen
    The organof the flower that bears pollen grains
  109. Sexual Reproduction
    A form of reproduction in which new indivduals is produced by the union of the nuclei of two specialized sex cells
  110. placenta
    In mammels a placenta forms during the development of the embryo
  111. Uterus
    The thick muscular pear shaped organ in the female mammal in which the embryo develops
  112. Zygote
    The diploid cell resulting from fusion of two gametes
  113. Fertilization
    The fusion of the nuclei of the male and female gametes
  114. Hybridization
    Mating of two organism to get the best of both
  115. Selective Breeding
    Choosing to mate individuals each of which has desired traits
  116. RNA
    Ribose Nucleic Acid
  117. Recombinant DNA is also know as
    Bacterial Transformation
  118. Genetic Engineering
    Manipulating DNA to produce a desirable effect using cutting,splicing and insertinng techniques
  119. Cloning
    A member of a population of genetically identical cells produce from a single cell
  120. Transcription
    The DNA is copied into a strand of mRNA(DNA-->mRNA occurs in the nucleus)
  121. Inbreeding
    Mating of closely relater animals to obtain desired traits
  122. Spermotogenesis
    Sperm Variation
  123. Oogenesis
    Female Variation
  124. Biologic Controls
    The concepts that more species in an echosystem produces stability
  125. Genotype
    All genetic make up of an individual
  126. Phenotype
    All the physical traits that appear in an indivdual as a result of its genetic makeup
  127. Recessive
    The inherited charectoristic often masked by the domminant charectoristic and not seen in an organism
  128. Hybrid
    Individual that are heterozygous for particular traits, individuals produced by a cross between members of two closely related speceies
  129. Scincetific Theory
    A concept which has been tested and confirmed in many diffrent ways that explains a wide variety or observation
  130. Xylem
    Transport H2O from the root to the leaves
  131. Thylakoids
    Flattened disk containg chlorophyll
  132. Active Site
    The region on an enzyme where the substance attaches
  133. Hypothesis
    A statement that predicts a relationship between cause and effects in a way that can be tested
  134. Cell membrane
    The tiny boundary between the cell and its enviroment
  135. Growth
    An increased of size or numbers of cells
  136. Excretion
    The removal of all waste produced by the cells of the body
  137. Cell
    The basic unit of structure and function that make up all organism
  138. Theory
    An explanation supported by many observation and or experiment hat can be used to accurately explain related occurence
  139. Digestion
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