Surgical Tech Certification

  1. Abandonment
    Severing the relationship with a patient without giving reasonable notice
  2. Accountability
    The expectation that an individual must justify actions taken that are consistent with contracted responsibilities and be held responsible for such actions.
  3. Accreditation
    The process through which health-care education programs, agencies, and managed care plans are authorized.
  4. Aeger Primo
    The patient first (motto of the American Association of Surgical Technologists AST)
  5. Affidavit
    Voluntary statement of fact sworn before an authority to be true.
  6. Agent
    The employee acts as an authroized representative of the employer (principal).
  7. Assault
    Intentional and unlawful physical harm or threat to physically harm another.
  8. Autopsy
    A medical examination after death to determine the cause of death.
  9. Battery
    Intentioal and unlawful attack on another.
  10. Bioethics
    Discipline relating to ethics concerning biological research, especially as applied to medicine (eg research on human subjects without thier consent)
  11. Brain death
    Final cessation of bodily activity used to determine when death actually occurs: circulatory, respiratory and brain functions have irreversibly ceased.
  12. Breach of confidentiality
    A violation of the obligation to keep a patient's records private.
  13. Certification
    Voluntary credentialing process usually sponsored by a nongovernmental agency; not necessary in order to practice a profession leagally.
  14. Child abuse
    Neglect or physical or mental injury to a person under 18; if a person has reason to suspect such injury, it must be reported to the Department of Human Services.
  15. Civil Law
    The body of law regulatging private matters, including wrongful acts against people.
  16. Code of ethics
    A collection of principles intended to govern the behavior of those entrusted with providing care to the sick; each medical association develps its own principles tailored to the profession.
  17. Comatose
    A condition of deep stupor in which the patient cannot be roused by external stimuli.
  18. Common law
    Laws that are based on custom or court decisions.
  19. Complaint
    Statemtn that explains a cause of action due to a wrongful act.
  20. Consent
    Granting of permission by a patient for someone else to perform an action; can be implied or informed.
  21. Curative cure
    Treatment directed toward curing a patient's disease.
  22. Damages
    Legally recognizable injury or harm to the patient.
  23. Defamation
    The injury of a person's reputation or character by willful and maliciousstaements to a third party, including libel and slander.
  24. Derelict
    Healthcare provider who has breached the duty of care to the patient.
  25. Direct cause
    Breach of duty that causes a patient's injury.
  26. Do not resusciate (DNR) order
    Request by patient or proxy not to resuscitate if the patient's heart stops.
  27. Doctrine of borrowed servant
    The doctrine that the one directing the CST has greater responsibility than the one paying the CST.
  28. Doctrine of found corporate negligence
    A health care institution may be found negligent for failing to ensure that acceptable patient care was provided.
  29. Doctrine of foreseeability
    The ability to know in advance potential risk or harm caused by an action taken.
  30. Doctrine of reasonable man
    The right of the patient to expect that healthcare personnel will perform their duties and meet the standards of reasonable and honest people involved in similar circumstances.
  31. Doctrine of personal liability
    Each person is responsible for his or her own actions.
  32. Durable power of attorney
    An advance directive that gives a designated person the legal right to act on behalf of the patient.
  33. Duty of care
    The legal obligation of healthcare workers to thier patients and sometimes to nonpatients.
  34. Duty
    Action of care required by one's position.
  35. Employment at will
    Either the employer or the employee can terminate employment at any time for any reason.
  36. Ethics
    Standards of behavior based on moral principles of one's concept of right and wrong.
  37. Etiquette
    Courtesy, manners, and ethical behavior amound professionals.
  38. Euthanasia (mercy killing)
    Painless death of the incurably ill.
  39. Expressed contract
    Agreement explicitly stated in written or spoken words.
  40. Felony
    Crime punishable by death or imprisonment for more than a year.
  41. Futile care
    Care that will not benefit the patient.
  42. Futile care
    Care that will not benefit the patient.
  43. Healthcare professions
    Providers of the delivery of healthcare services; generally requires a certificate, license, associate's degree or bachelor's or advanced degree.
  44. Healthcare proxy
    A durable power of attorney made for healthcare decisions
  45. HIPPA
    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
  46. Hippocratic oath
    Pledge that states the duties and obligations of physicians developed by the Greek physician, Hippocrates, around 400 BC
  47. HMO
    Health Maitenance Organization
  48. Hospice Care
    A facility or program in which teams of healthcare practitioners and volunteers provide pallative care that focuses on the emotional and psychological needs of the dying patient.
  49. Implied consent
    The conduct of the parties, not expressly stated, that creates the consent that the patient may be treated immediately to preserve life.
  50. Incompetent
    Unqualified to perform a duty.
  51. Indemnity
    A traditional form of health insurance that covers the insured against a potential loss of money from the medical expenses for an illness or accident.
  52. Informed consent
    Presenting the facts regarding the treatment with a complete understanding by the patient; must include a description of the procedure, risks involved, time period and nature of incapacitation, alternate methods of care and consequences if not treated.
  53. Intentional torts
    A wrongful act resulting in injury for which one is entitled to compensation under the law.
  54. Invasion of privacy
    Trespassing upon the body of a patient or accessing information without his or her consent.
  55. JCAHO
    Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations; accredits hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, behavioral health care organizations, and clinical laboratories.
  56. Just cause
    An employer's legal reason to fire an employee.
  57. Law
    Rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority; Medical Practice Acts define laws for the practice of medicine.
  58. Liability
    Legally responsible for one's own acts on or off the job.
  59. Libel
    A written defamation of character; an untruthful written statement.
  60. Licensure
    Mandatory stgate credentialing process required to engage in professional practice.
  61. Litigation
  62. Living will
    An advance directive that specifies an individual's end of life wishes
  63. Malpractice
    Professional misconduct, improper discharge of duties, failure to meet the standard of care of a professional through ignorance, negligence or criminal intent that results in harm to the patient.
  64. Managed care
    A system in which financing, administration, and elivery of health care are combined to provide medical services to subscribers for a prepaid fee.
  65. Medical Boards
    State authorities that protect the health, safety and welfare of healthcare consumers through proper licensing and regulation of physicians and other healthcare professionals.
  66. Medical Practice Acts
    Sate laws written for the epxress purpose of governing the practice of medicine.
  67. Medical Record
    A collection of data recorded when a patient seeks medical advice
  68. Misdemeanor
    Crime punishable by fines or imprisonment
  69. Moral values
    One's personal concept of right and wrong formed through the influence of family, culture and society
  70. Negligence
    An omission or commission of an act; an unintentional tort in which a failure in treating or caring for a patient has occurred.
  71. Palliative care
    Treatment of patient's symptoms to make dying more comfortable without curing the underlying disease
  72. PCP
    Primary Care Provider
  73. Persistent vegetative state
    Irreversible cessation of the higher functions of the brain
  74. Plaintiff
    The complaining party in a lawsuit
  75. PPO
    Preferred Provider Organization
  76. Preganancy Discrimination Act 1976
    A law to prevent discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions.
  77. Primum non nocere
    Above all do no harm.
  78. Prosecution
    The government as plaintiff in legal proceedings against a person.
  79. Protocol
    Rules of etiquette applicable to one's place of employement
  80. Reciprocity
    The process by which a professional license obtained in one state may be accepted as valid in another state by prior agreement without re-examination.
  81. Registration
    Entry in a uniform listing of the names of persons in certain occupations.
  82. Res ipsa loquitur
    The thing speaks for itself. Doctrine of common knowledge; expert witnesses are not required to verify fact.
  83. Respondent superior
    Let the master answer. A doctrine under which an employer is legally liable for the acts of his or her employees, if such acts were performed within the scope of the employee's duties.
  84. Slander
    A false statement that will damage another person's reputation
  85. Standard of Care
    The level of care expected of a healthcare practitioner in carrying out his or her professional duties.
  86. Telemedicine
    Remote consultation by patients with physicians or other healtcare professionals via telephone, closed circuit TV or the internet.
  87. Terminally ill
    Those not expected to live more than 6 months, usually due to an incurable or chronic illness.
  88. Tort liability
    A civil wrong, committed against a person or property, exlcuding breach of contract; there are intentional torts and unintentional torts.
  89. Unintentional tort
    When one may have performed or failed to perform an act that a reasonalbe person would or would not have done in similar circumstances
  90. Wrongful discharge
    When an employer does not have valid reason or just cause to fire an employee.
Card Set
Surgical Tech Certification
The Role of Surgical Technologist