The Industrial Revolution

  1. What is the Industrial Revolution?
    The change from hand to machine manufacturing.
  2. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?
  3. When did the Industrial Revolution begin? End?
    1750 and is still going on now.
  4. England had a great ______.
  5. More babies were being _____, and people lived ______.
    • Born
    • Longer
  6. Where did many of the immigrants in England come from?
    Scotland and Ireland.
  7. Where did many of the poor farmers come from in England?
    The country side.
  8. Where did many of the poor farmers go in England? Why?
    To the cities.
  9. What were the poor farmers considered as in England?
    Cheap labor.
  10. England had very rich __________.
    Natural resources
  11. What is a very important fuel?
  12. What was later used to make steel?
  13. What was a great source of power?
  14. What was used for transportation?
  15. England had many creative _________.
  16. England had many ___________ investing money in ________.
    • Rich patrons
    • Machines
  17. England got very wealthy because of _____.
  18. What did England espcape during the Napoleonic Wars?
  19. What did England continue to do?
    Sell her products to other European countries.
  20. Where did the first inventions appear during the Industrial Revolution?
    The textile industry.
  21. How do you produce fabric?
    You take the raw material and spin it into thread. Then you would weave the thread into fabric.
  22. Who invented the cotton gin?
    Eli Whitney
  23. When was the cotton gin invented?
    Around 1790
  24. What did the cotton gin do?
    Seperated the seeds from the cotton.
  25. The cotton gin did the job of ________.
    50 men
  26. What was an early advancement of technological unemployment?
    The cotton gin replacing 50 men.
  27. Who invented the water frame?
    Sir Richard Arkwright.
  28. What did the water frame do?
    It spun very, very strong thread.
  29. However the _________ was too big for your home. As a result it had to be kept in a __________.
    • Water frame
    • Factory
  30. Who invented the spinning mule?
    Samuel Crompton.
  31. What was the spinning mule?
    A hybrid, or cross between the water frame and the spinning jenny.
  32. What could the spinning mule do?
    It could take a pound of cotton and spin it into thread 300, 000 yards long.
  33. What was a terrific new source of power during the Industrial Revolution?
    The Steam Engine.
  34. Who invented the Steam Engine?
    James Watt.
  35. When was the Steam Engine invented?
  36. As a result of the Steam Engine, what could factories now do?
    They can be built anywhere and not just by water.
  37. What did the Steam Engine help?
  38. Who invneted the loco motive?
    An Englishmen named George Stephenson.
  39. What was the nickname for the loco motive called by the inventor?
    The "rocket."
  40. How fast did the loco motive go?
    15 mph.
  41. Who invented the Steam Boat?
    Robert Fulton.
  42. Why was coal very important?
    It was used to process Iron.
  43. What percentage of our electricity comes from coal?
  44. Who invented the converter?
    Henry Bessemer.
  45. What did the converter do?
    Made steel fast and cheap.
  46. The people worked long hours for _________.
    Little money
  47. When it was busy it was ________ hours a _________ an hour?
    • 16
    • Penny
  48. The conditions were ________ and they had __________ and no __________.
    • Unsafe
    • Poor health
    • Appetite
  49. People didn't get enough _______ and they were _______ if they were late or slow.
    • Sleep
    • Beaten
  50. They had no ________ education.
  51. At first there were no ________ to protect them.
  52. They were very afraid of _________ since they needed the _________, or they would ________.
    • Being fired
    • Money
    • Starve to death
  53. What do we have today to protect workers?
  54. Today the government does what to protect workers?
    Pass Laws.
  55. Who was Karl Marx?
    A famous Socialist.
  56. Who did the bourgeoisie refer to?
    The boss, or the capatalists who owns the factories or the mines.
  57. Who did the Proletariat refer to?
    To the poor worker who was abused and exploited.
  58. Proletariat workers were paid ________ money.
    Very little
  59. What is surplus value?
    When there's too much profit being made.
  60. Who was making the surplus value?
    The bourgeoisie.
  61. What did Marx want for the workers?
    For them to unite and fight abuse.
  62. What did Marx feel the Proletariat going to do?
    Form a dictatorship.
  63. Marx felt that the united workers would ________.
  64. Marx also felt the workers would overthrow the ________? The the Proleteriat would have_________?
    • Bourgeoisie
    • Total Power
  65. Karl Marx wanted everyone _________ in this society and _________ would exist.
    • Equal
    • Communism
  66. Under Communism, the government would control and own?
    Production and Distribution.
  67. Where did Communism first start?
  68. How long did Communism last in Russia?
    Until 1989.
  69. Where does Communism still exist?
    • Vietnam
    • North Korea
    • China
    • Cuba
  70. When did the USSR reject communism?
    After 1989.
  71. How many former republics of the USSR want freedom today?
  72. What does autonomy mean?
    The power of self rule.
  73. What did the former Soviets want?
    Democracy and Capitalism.
Card Set
The Industrial Revolution
NB notes on the Industrial Revolution