1. What information is asked of the client when taking a new patient history?
    • nutrition
    • signalment
    • reproductive history
    • cheif complaint
    • med info/allergies
    • preventatives/meds
    • when last normal
    • progression
    • background
    • household
    • vx hist
  2. What species has 2-3 estrus cycles per year, is NOT a spontaneous ovulator and has a gestation period of 60-65 days
  3. Which species is polyestrus, cycles all year, and has a gestation period of approximately 9 months (270-280 days)?
  4. Which specis is seasonally polyestrusand IS an induces ovulator?
  5. Which species is seasonally polyestrus, has an estrus cycle of 21 days, and ovulates 1-2 days before the end of estrus?
  6. What is the most common problem associated with poor nutrition?
  7. Which breed given is most likely to have HIP problems?
  8. Which breed given is most likely have significant shedding?
    Australian Shepherd
  9. Which breed given is most likely to have problems in hot or warm climates?
  10. Which breed given is most likely to have need of a c-section?
    boston terrier or pug
  11. Which breed given is most likely to suffer a broken leg?
    italian greyhound
  12. What color animal is most likely to be deaf or blind at an early age?
  13. Which breed given is most likely to have crossed eyes?
    siamese cat
  14. Which breed given is most likely to have cropped ears?
  15. Which breed given has a brachycephalic head?
    shih tzu
  16. Which breed given is most likely to need ophthalmic surgery at some point?
    shar pei
  17. Which breed given is most likely to have GDV? (gastric dilitation and volvulus/bloat)
    German Shepherd
  18. Which breed given is most likely to have no tail?
  19. Vx LEAST likely to be given to a cat? (not a core vx)
    FIV-feline immunodeficiency virus
  20. Which product is most likely to be used to clean a concrete kennel?
    bleach and water
  21. A puppy crate should not be used for what? (in regard to crate training)
  22. What is the best surface for the bottom/floor of an outdoor kennel or dog run?
  23. Which species should not have males housed together?
  24. At what temp should the environment for a one week old puppy or kitten be kept?
  25. A neonate is at risk of ___________ if their environmental temp gets too low?
  26. A good candidate for the Lyme vx is and animal exposed to what?
    ticks (american dog tick)
  27. When should a puppies umbilical cord fall off?
    first few days
  28. Which SPECIES is the most popular pet in the US?
  29. What is the name of the period of no follicular activity in the estrus cycle?
  30. What is the minimum number of negatiev experiences a puppy needs to make it more difficult to handle in the future?
  31. What is the best formulation for a geriatric diet?
    • low sodium
    • low fat
    • normal protein
    • high fiber
  32. How soon after birth should a foal be suckling and standing?
    3-4 hours
  33. Which species given has the neonate with the fastest heart rate?
  34. What is ovulation?
    release of an egg/ova to travel down the oviduct
  35. What is/are the ways to make a patient look forward to their next visit?
    • reduce wait time
    • sep k9/feline entrance
    • rearrange chairs
  36. How can you expect to treat a newly adopted ADULT pet?
    supervise like puppy/kitten
  37. What part of a deceased animal must be submitted to diagnose rabies?
    head (hippocampus)
  38. Where is the first dose of immunity received from?
  39. What is the common name for Bordatella bronchiseptica?
    kennel cough
  40. Which is the most accurate statement about rabies?
    Rabies is characterized by altered behavior, aggression, paralysis and death
  41. What is the most likely component of the diet to cause allergies?
  42. What is the most important nutrient to mammals?
  43. What does tpn stand for?
    total paraenteral nutrition
  44. What nutrient provides the most energy for a feline?
  45. Deficiency of which vitamin leads to white muscle disease in large animals?
    vit E
  46. Sudden change in diet can lead to what?
  47. Which is an essential micromineral?
  48. Which species have babies that can be weaned in only a few days?
    • sheep
    • goat
  49. What is the best choice of food to feed an anorexic hospitalized cat?
    highly platable food
  50. Which is the most accurate statement about dry, semimoist and canned diets?
    canned food is higher in water and fat
  51. A client feeding a strictly homemade diet should do what?
    • weigh often
    • record and submit food history at exam
    • exams 2x/yr
  52. What is TPN?
    complete IV nutrition completely bypassing the GI tract
  53. Which intestinal disorder in equines is similar to GDV/bloat in dogs?
  54. Which mineral pair is most important to skin health?
    vitamin E and zinc
  55. Which is not recommended for an animal with diabetes?
    low-fiber diet
  56. What chemical in chocolate is fatal to dogs?
    theobromine (over stimulates the heart)
  57. Which is the most accurate statement concerning feeding felines?
    cats are strict carnivores
  58. Which organization governs the nutrient profiles for pet food companies?
    • AAFCO
    • (association of American feed control officials)
  59. Which mineral pair is involved in bone absorption and resorption?
    calcium and phosphorus
  60. What is the supplemental protein for finishing cattle that is NOT allowed?
    • protein from ruminants
    • (so as not to pass bovine spongiform encephalopathy or bse)
  61. Which vitamin plays the most important role in blood clotting?
  62. Which nutrient supplies the most raw energy?
    1 pound of fat/oil
  63. What is a severely obese cat susceptible to developing?
  64. Which nutrient is important for health of tissues, skin, healing, digestion and more?
  65. Carbs provide energy for which type of animal?
  66. What is the essential amino acid for felines?
  67. T/F:
    Essential amino acids must be obtained from the diet, whereas non-essential amino acids must be synthesized by the animal?
  68. T/F:
    An animal's source of protein is found ONLY in fish, while carbs ONLY found in hay/straw
  69. T/F:
    Treats and table scraps are enough to cause obesity
  70. T/F:
    Dried hay/straw is an excellent source of nutrients for equines and bovines
  71. T/F:
    Vaccinations should not be administered to a pregnant queen due to risk to the embryo, and should therefore be put off until the litter is born
  72. T/F:
    Dogs and cats can develop a preference for eliminarion surface, and this can lead to inappropriate elimination in the future
  73. T/F:
    Rabbits have a lifespan of 5-8 years
  74. T/F:
    VAs must not forget to apply the grieving process to themselves
  75. T/F:
    4-5 weeks is an ok age for adoption
  76. T/F:
    Rabies is almost always fatal
  77. T/F:
    Nervousness or agitation in a horse is indicated by the tail being down and stiff, and the ears moving back and forth
  78. T/F:
    Food offered to an altered animal should be reduced by 5-10% to avoid weight gain
Card Set
VA150 Animal Life Final