1. Bodhissatva
    • -beings who are well advanced on the path to buddhahood (enlightment)
    • -distinguished in art by his pricely garments, unlike a budha who wears a monks robe
    • -specifically recognized by the lotus flower
    • -third eye-symbolizing the ability to to see in miraculous ways
    • -wheel in palm- signifying the ability to teach the buddhist truth
    • -spiritual purity
  2. Stupa
    • -budhist archetecture
    • -bell shaped or pyramidal religious monument
    • -made of piled earth or stone and containing sacred relics
  3. centotaph
    a funarary monument commemorating an individual or group buried elsewhere
  4. Chattri
    • a decorative pavilion with an umbrella shaped dome
    • -indian archetecture
  5. fenial
    • a knoblike architectural decoration usually found at the top point of a spire, pinnacle, canopy, or gable
    • -also found on furniture
  6. Pietra dura
    • italian for "hard stone"
    • -ornamental designs such as flowers or fruit
  7. iwan
    a large vaulted chamber in a mosque with a monumental arched opening on one side
  8. chamfered
    to cut off the edge or corner of wood block or other material
  9. colophon
    • the data placed at the end of a book listing the books author, publisher, illuminator, and other information relating to its production
    • -in east asia handscrolls
  10. seals
    • personal emblems usually carved of stone in intaglio or relief and used to stamp a name or legnd onto paper or silk
    • -adds another layer of interest.
    • -red symbols on the hand scrolls
  11. mortise-and-tenon joint
    • a method of joining two elements. A projecting pin on one element fits snugly into a hole designed for it on the other.
    • -very strong and flexible
  12. shoji
    a standing japanese screen covered in translucent rice paper and used in interiors
  13. tatami
    mats of woven straw used in japanese houses as a floor covering
  14. bay
    a unit of space defined by architectural elements such as columns, piers and walls
  15. lacquer
    • a type of hard, glossy surface varnish used on objects in east asian cultures
    • - can be layered and manipulated or combined with pigments and other materials for various decorative effects
  16. ukiyo-e
    a japenese term for a type of popular art particularly in the form of color woodblock prints
  17. key block
    • colored woodblock print
    • - key block is a flat piece of wood with the entire design carved or drawn on its surface
  18. polychrome
    the multicolored painted decoration applied to any part of a building, sculpture or piece of furniture
  19. nishiki-e
    a multicolored and ornate japenese role
  20. wampum
    Small cylindrical beads made from polished shells and fashioned into strings or belts, formerly used by certain Native American peoples as currency and jewelry or for ceremonial exchanges between groups.
  21. bilum
    string bag made from hand
  22. bisj
    A Bisj or Bis pole is a ritual artifact created and used by the Asmat people of south-western New Guinea up to the present day[when?]. Bisj poles can be erected as an act of revenge, to pay homage to the ancestors, to calm the spirits of the deceased and to bring harmony and spiritual strength to the community.
  23. pukao
    Pukao are the hats or topknots formerly placed on top of some moai statues on Easter Island. They were all carved from a very light red volcanic stone scoria, which was quarried from a single source at Puna Pau.
  24. orisha
    a spirit or deity that reflects one of the manifestations of Olodumare (God) in the Yoruba spiritual or religious system. (Olodumare is also known by various other names including Olorun, Eledumare, Eleda and Olofin-Orun). This religion has found its way throughout the world
  25. kente
    a type of silk and cotton[citation needed] fabric made of interwoven cloth strips and is native to theAkan people of Ghana and the Ivory Coast.
Card Set
Art history vocabulary