kin 140 ch 11 cardiovascular dis

  1. cardiovascular diseases (CVD)
    diseases of the heart and blood vessels
  2. cardiovascular system
    system comprising the heart and blood vessels that transport nutrients, oxygen, hormones and enzymes throughout the body and regulates the temperature, the water levels of cells, and the acidity levels of body components
  3. SA node
    node serving as a form of natural pacemaker for the heart
  4. arteriosclerosis
    refers to narrowing and hardening of the arteries
  5. atherosclerosis
    type of arteriosclerosis characterized by plaque deposits in the inner lining of arteries
  6. plaque
    combination of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium and fibrin
  7. heart attack
    blood clot that prevetns blood from flowing through the heart
  8. coronary thrombosis
    a blood clot in a coronary artery
  9. stroke
    blood supply to brain is severly reduced or cut off
  10. ischemia
    insufficient blood flow relative to the demand of the tissue which results in a decrease in oxygen
  11. systolic pressure
    upper number in the blood pressure fraction, refers to the pressure on the walls of the arteries when the heart contacts
  12. diastolic pressure
    lower number of the blood pressure fraction, refers to pressure on the walls of the arteries during the relaxation phase of heart activity
  13. arrhythmia
    irregularity in heartbeat
  14. fibrillation
    a sporadic, quivering pattern of heartbeat resulting in inefficent moving of the blood
  15. congestive heart failure
    occurs when the heart musucle is damaged or overworked and lacks the strength to maintain blood circulation
  16. LDLs
    combinations of protein, triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood that accumlate on arterial walls
  17. HDLs
    combination of protein, triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood that faciliate the transport of LDLs to the liver for metabolism and elimination form the body.
  18. triglycerides
    the most common form of fat in the body consumed and manufactured in the body
  19. neoplasm
    a new growth of tissue that serves no physiologic function, resulting from uncontrolled, abnormal cellular development
  20. tumour
    a neoplasmic mass that grows more rapidly than surrounding tissues
  21. malignant
    very dangerous of harmful
  22. benign
  23. biopsy
    microscopic examination of tissue to determine if a cancer is present
  24. metastasis
    process by which cancer spreads from one area to different areas of the body
  25. carcinogens
    cancer-causing agents
  26. oncogenes
    suspected cancer-causing gens present on chromosomes
  27. proto-oncogenes
    genes that can become oncogenes under cerytain conditions
  28. oncologists
    physcians who specialize in the treatment of malignancies
  29. MRI
    uses magnetic field, ratio waves and computers
  30. CAT
    uses radiation
  31. chemotherapy
    use of drugs to kill cancerous cells
  32. radiotherapy
    use of radiation of kill cancerous cells
Card Set
kin 140 ch 11 cardiovascular dis
cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer