Hardware Support Ch10-12 Vocab

  1. An optical disc technology that uses the UDF version 2.5 file system and a blue laser beam, which is shorter than any red beam used by CD or DVD discs. The blue beam allows it to store more data.
    Blu-ray Disc (BD)
  2. A device that provides slots for memory cards and can be an internal or external device.
    • Card Reader
    • Media Reader
  3. An optical disc technology that uses a red laser beam and can hold up to 700 MB of data
    CD (compact disc)
  4. The 32-bit file system for CD discs and some CD-R and CD-RW discs
    CDFS (Compact Disc File System)
  5. A CD-ROM format in which the spacing of data in consistent on the CD, but the speed of the disc varies depending on whether the data being read is near the center or the edge of the disc
    Constant Linear Velocity (CLV)
  6. A type of tape medium typically used for backups.
    data cartridge
  7. A technology used by optical discs that uses a red laser beam and can hold up to 17 GB of data
    DVD (Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc)
  8. The time it takes for the strength of a storage media to weaken by half.
  9. A graphical compression scheme that allows the user to control the amount of data that is averaged and sacrificed as file size is reduced.
    JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)
  10. Microscopic flat areas on the surface of a CD or DVD that separates pits.
  11. A device that provides slots for memory cards and can be an internal or external device.
    Memory Card Reader/Writer
  12. A set of standards that are used to represent music in digital form. (5-pin DIN port that looks like a keyboard port, only larger)
    MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)
  13. A method to compress audio files that uses MPEG level 1. It can reduce sound files as low as a 1:24 ratio without losing much sound quality.
  14. Recessed areas on the surface of a CD or DVD, seperating lands, or flat areas.
  15. A method of data access used by tape drives, whereby data is written or read sequentially from the beginning to the end of the tape or until the desired data is found.
    Sequential Access
  16. A sound compression standard that supports up to 10 different speakers, each producing a different sound.
    Surround Sound
  17. a bitmapped file format used to hold photographs, graphics, and screen captures. Can be rather large
    TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)
  18. An adapter card that receives a TV signal and displays TV on the computer screen
    TV tuner card
  19. A file system for optical media used by all DVD discs and some CD-R and CD-RW discs.
    Universal Disk Format (UDF) File System
  20. An adapter that captures video input and saves it to a file on the hard drive.
    Video Capture Card
  21. An individual's right to copy his/her own work.
  22. The illegal practice of installing unauthorized software on computers for sale.
    hard-disk loading
  23. Permission for an individual to use a product or service. A manufacturer's method of maintaining ownership, while granting permission for use to others.
  24. A document that explains hot to properly handle substances such as chemical solvents; it includes info such as physical data, toxicity, health effects, first aid, storage, disposal, and spill procedures.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  25. A license that allows a company to install multiple copies of software, or to allow multiple employees to execute the software from a file server
    Site License
  26. Loose cables or cords in a traffic area where people can trip over them
    trip hazard
  27. A Windows server directory database and service that is used in managing a domain to allow for a single point of administration for all shared resources on a network, including files, peripheral devices, databases, Web sites, users, and services.
    Active Directory
  28. In Windows 2000/XP/Vista, an account that grants to the administrator(s) rights and permissions to all hardware and software resources, such as the right to add, delete, and change accounts and to change hardware configurations.
    Administrator Account
  29. A text file that contains info that Windows requires in order to do an unattended installation
    answer file
  30. A startup menu that gives the user the choice of which operation system to load such as Windows XP or Windows Vista which are both installed on the same system, creating a dual boot.
    boot laoder menu
  31. The hard drive partition where the Windows 2000/XP/Vista OS is stored.
    boot partition
  32. A computer concept whereby one computer requests info from another computer
  33. Making an exact image of a hard drive, including partition info, boot sectors, OS installation, and application software to replicate the hard drive on another system or recover from a hard drive crash.
    • disk cloning
    • disk imaging
    • drive imaging
  34. A file server holding Windows setup files used to install Windows on computers networked to the server
    distribution server
  35. In Windows, a logical group of networked computers, such as those on a college campus, that share a centralized directory database of user account info and security
  36. The ability to coot using either of 2 different OSs, such as Windows XP and Windows Vista
    Dual Boot
  37. Sometimes called a domain server account, the account is used at the domain level, created by an administrator, and stored in the SAM (security accounts manager) database on a Windows domain controller
    global account
  38. A command used by the User State Migration Tool (USMT) to copy user settings and data temporarily stored on a server or removable media to a new computer
  39. A user account that applies only to the local computer and cannot be used to access resources from other computers on the network.
    local account
  40. As applied to networking, a network of computers that are all equals, or peers. Each computer has the same amount of authority, and each can act as a server to the other computers.
    Peer-to-Peer (P2P)
  41. The process that Microsoft uses to precent software piracy.
    product activation
  42. A command used by the User State Migration Tool (USMT) to copy user settings and data from an old computer to a server or removable media.
  43. A Windows utility that is used to remove configuration settings, such as the computer name, that uniquely identifies the PC from the Windows installation. The installation can then be used to create a drive image for cloning to multiple computers.
  44. The active partition of the hard drive containing the boot record and the specific files required to load Windows 2000/XP/Vista
    system partition
  45. A Windows installation that is done by storing the answers to installation questions in a text file or script that Windows calls an answer file so that the answers do not have to by typed in during the installation
    Unattended installation
  46. A Windows XP/Vista utility that helps you to migrate user files and preferences from one computer to another in order to help a user make a smooth transition from one computer to another
    User State Migration Tool (USMT)
  47. Upgrading to a better edition of Vista without having to redo the installation
    Windows Anytime Upgrade
  48. A Windows tool used to transfer Windows XP/Vista user data and preferences to the Windows XP/Vista installation on another computer
    Windows Easy Transfer
  49. The Vista edition designed for business users and includes support for a domain, Group Policy, and Encrypted File System, and does not include consumer features such as Movie Maker
    Windows Vista Business
  50. The Vista edition that expands on Windows Vista Business, adding security features such as BitLocker Encryption
    Windows Vista Enterprise
  51. The Vista edition that is designed for low-cost home systems that don't require full security and networking features. It does not include the Aero glass interface.
    Windows Vista Home Basic
  52. The Vista edition that includes more features than Windows Vista Home Basic, including Aero user interface, DVD maker, Media Center, SideShow, and backups.
    Windows Vista Home Premium
  53. The Vista version with the most limited features and intended to be used in developing nations
    Windows Vista Starter
  54. The Vista edition that includes every Windows Vista feature, Multiple licensing is not available.
    Windows Vista Ultimate
  55. The XP edition that does not include Remote Desktop, multilingual capabilities, roaming profiles, and support for high-end processors.
    Windows XP Home Edition
  56. The XP edition is an enhanced version of XP Professional that includes support for digital entertainment hardware
    Windows XP Media Center Edition
  57. The XP edition that includes Remote Desktop, roaming profiles, multilingual capabilities and enhanced security features.
    Windows XP Professional
  58. The XP edition designed for notebooks and tablet PCs
    Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
  59. In Windows, a logical group of computers and users in which administration, resources, and security are distributed throught the network, without centralized management or security
Card Set
Hardware Support Ch10-12 Vocab