Chapter 12

  1. What are the steps of a perm service?
    • 1. Meet and consult (towel, chemical cape, towel)
    • 2. Shampoo (only clarifying, instacure, or cat treatments, no conditioner)
    • 3. Cut (before or after?)
    • 4. Section hair and wrap
    • 5. Apply cotton, barrier cream (if applicable), waving solution, and put cap on
    • 6. Process and test curl (10 min & 5 min) Take off cotton
    • 7. Rinse in warm water (5 min)
    • 8. BLOT!!!
    • 9. Apply cotton and neutralizer
    • 10. Process for 5 minutes
    • 11. Drop rods
    • 12. Rinse for 5 minutes
    • 13. Style
    • 14. Clean
  2. Name the two phases of perming
    • Physical
    • Chemical
  3. What is another term for straight hair?
  4. What do you call hair that is wavy or curly?
  5. What direction should you always wrap hair?
    Toward the face
  6. What are the two most common wrapping techniques?
    Croquignole (overlap)

  7. What are the three main goals that a client is looking for in a perm?


  8. Who made the first real breakthrough in Perming history? In what year?
    Charles Nessler, 1905
  9. Where and when does perming originally come from?
    Ancient Egypt
  10. Cold Waves : Two types
    Thioglycolic Acid

  11. Who invented the first cold wave?When?
    Arnold F. Willatt.1938.
  12. How long did the first cold waves take to process?
    6-8 hours
  13. What do you call the newer, improved cold wave? How long does it take to process?
    Alkaline wave. 15-30 minutes.
  14. What is the pH of an alkaline wave?
  15. What acid is used in cold waves?
    Thioglycolic acid.
  16. What two types of heat waves are available?
    Endothermic and Exothermic
  17. What is the name of the Thioglycolic acid derivative that is found in acid waves?
    Glycerol monothioglycolate.
  18. What is different about heat waves, that makes them more appealing than cold waves?
    Heat waves are much gentler on the hair
  19. Endothermic method.
    In the dryer.
  20. Exothermic method.
    Heat is created through chemical reaction, requiring no outside heat source.
  21. Most commonly used end paper technique.
  22. Base control refers to the following two things:
    • 1. Size of the base, in relation to the diameter of the tool.
    • 2. Position of the tool in relation to the base.
  23. One-diameter base size
    Most frequently used in perm design.
  24. Most commonly used base control.
    Half-off base.
  25. Rectangle pattern, or nine-block.
    Downward direction, Most basic pattern and can be performed on any sculpted form.
  26. Contour pattern.
    Versatile. Adapts to the contours of the head. Includes a central rectangle and slight diagonal and horizontal partings at the sides.
  27. Bricklay pattern.
    Staggered configuration. Creates consistent curls, avoids splits between the bases.
  28. Spiral pattern.
    Used on medium to long hair.
  29. Alternating oblong pattern.
    Creates strong wave patterns.
Card Set
Chapter 12