20th Century Film Midterm

  1. Auteur
    • A filmmaker whose individual
    • style and complete control over all elements of
    • production give a film its personal and unique stamp.
  2. Iris
    • In optics, a diaphragm
    • is a thin opaque structure with an opening (aperture) at its center. The role of the diaphragm is
    • to stop the passage of light, except for the light passing through the aperture.
  3. Persistence of Vision
    • Persistence of vision is the phenomenon of the eye by which an
    • afterimage is thought to persist for approximately one twenty-fifth of a second
    • on the retina.
  4. Montage
    • (A) Constructivist belief that
    • factors composing the individual image can be considered as dynamic elements
    • flung together in tense juxtaposition (B) Conflicts within the frame
  5. Flashback
    a scene in a movie, novel, etc., set in a time earlier than the main story
  6. Studio System
    • The term studio system
    • refers to the practice of large motion picture studios (a)
    • producing movies primarily on their own filmmaking lots with
    • creative personnel under often long-term contract
  7. Mise-en-scene
    • the arrangement of scenery and stage properties in a play.
    • the setting or surroundings of an event or action.

    • everything in the scene contributes to overall
    • effect, set design
  8. Genre
    • A category of artistic composition, as in music or
    • literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.
  9. ECU
    Extremely Up Close
  10. ELS
    • A panoramic view of an exterior location
    • photographed from a considerable distance, often as far as a quarter-mile away.
  11. Importance of Edison in fiml history
    The kinescope was the first motion picture camera. It was invented by Thomas Edison and his assistant, William Dickson, and patented in 1891.
  12. Who is Melies, descibe 3 of his techniques
    was a Frenchillusionist and filmmakerfamous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliestdays of cinema. Méliès, a prolific innovator in the use of special effects

    multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand-painted colour inhis work.
  13. Methods used by Griffith to create excitment/ tension

    1915 The Birth of a Nation

    • story of the civil war in the view point of the
    • confederacy

    • tells the story of two families one from the
    • north (Stonemann) and the other from the south ( Camaroon)


    • § Film
    • revived the KKK affect

    Premiered at exclusive theaters for $75c - $2

    first full length future film

    Historical epic

    Full-length feature film

    • Iris, cross-cutting, montage, boom shot,
    • tracking shots, blocking, pans, tilts

    Tradition, family, evils of miscegenation
  14. Describe expressionism, its impact on film
    • A dark, expression experiences, trans forming
    • reality

    • Realism is distorted in order to communicate an
    • inner vision/emotion/ experience
  15. Why Hollywood become the dominant center of cinema
    • Sense of the dark, dehumanizing side of wealth,
    • technology, urbanism

    Rise of power of celeberties
  16. What are the characteristics of decumentry
    consisting of official pieces of written, printed, or other matter

    (of a movie, a television or radio program, or photography) usingpictures or interviews with people involved in real events to provide afactual record or report
  17. Describe the contribution of the Lumiere Brothers to flim
    1895 developed a cinematographe

    can shoot, print and project

    weighted 16lbs

    actualities- things that just happen
  18. Describe several techniques of Dr. Caligari

    The Unusual Suspect

    Expressionism directly to the horror genre and to films depicting a darker side of the psyche.

    mise-en-scene, primarily in the area of set design.
  19. What were some of the contributions of Alice Guy and why washer work forgotten
    Gaumont- inventor

    French, started out as an assistant

    1970 revival –Feminist write her memoir

    narrative drama

    directing= cripts, actors rehearsing, theatre

    use sound tinted prints
Card Set
20th Century Film Midterm
20th Century Film FlashCards