How did the Industrial Revolution change the way work was performed?
machines too place of tools
What were the inventions that enhanced the Industrial Revolution?
water frame, steam engine, interchangeable parts, and spinning jenny
How did the factory system work?
brought workers and machines together
The Industrial Revolution began in what industry?
Why were many textile mills located on rivers?
bc the spinning machine was ran by running water, to get the water from the river
Why is Samuel Slater important to the Industrial Revolution in the U.S?
built the first water-frame-style spinning machine in the US
How did the War of 1812 help U.S. manufacturers?
industries grew significy bc the US depended on themselves
How was the Lowell factory system different from the European factory system?
combined spinning and weaving machines itno one factory which made it more productive
What were some advantages of interchangeable parts?
- -manufacturing became more efficient
- -price of many goods dropped
What problems did workers in factories face?
poor lighting, bad ventalation, dangerous machines, and long work
Who generally worked in factories?
young children and women
List two inventors and their invention during the Industrial Revolution.
- -steamboat- made river travel faster and cheaper-telegraph- communication more faster
What was the cause of mass urbanization?
factories were built in the cities
What are some examples of discrimmination that African Americans faced during the Industrial Revolution?
- -couldnt vote
- -couldnt work in factories or in skill trades
What invention did Eli Whitney invent and how did it make growing cotton more profitable?
-cotton gin- sped up the proccess of making cotton
How were northern textile mills and southern cotton plantations linked?
northern textile mills used the cotton southern textiles grew
Why did cotton production and the number of slaves in the US both increase at the sam time?
because they grew more cotton so they needed more workers
Who were the two groups of immigrants that were immigrating to America and why were they?
- -Ireland- escape famine
- -Germany- escape failed revoutions
What was an arugment for and against slave labor?
- For- it was more humane bc slaves didnt have to worry about employment
- Against- couldnt leave their job; were beaten and whipped
How widespread was slave ownership?
not even half of the south had owned slaves
List three rights that were taken away from free african americans.
- 1. couldnt vote
- 2. couldnt serve on juries
- 3. couldnt attend public schools
List two hardships african americans faced on plantations.
- 1. received harsh punishment
- 2. families were split up
List three types of work enslaved african americans faced on plantations.
- 1. farm labor
- 2. house keeping
- 3. skill workers
How did african americans preserve their culture?
music, dancing, and composed spirituals
List three ways african americans resisted slavery.
- 1. worked slowly
- 2. fled north to freedom
- 3. broke farm equipment
Where was the western frontier in the early 1800's?
Louisana Territory; west of Applachain Mountains
What was the difference between a turnpike and other roads on which americans traveled west?
you had to pay to travel on the turnpike, the rest were free
How did the Erie Canal benefit New York City?
helped make it the richest city in the nation
How did the building of Erie Canal help farmers in the interior of the country?
goods could be shipped quickly and cheaper to the markets
How did improved transportation lead to economic growth?
cheaper and faster way to ship your products to far away markets
Who persuaded congress to pass the Missouri Compromise?
What were the provisions of the Missouri Compromise?
- 1. main was admitted as a free state
- 2. missouri was admitted as a slave state
- 3. louisana territory north of missouris southern border was free of slavery
- 4. slave owners cold pursue slaves into free regions
Why would the issues addressed by the Missouri Compromise continue to tear the nation apart?
each new state would raise the issue of maintaining the balance of power in congress