Bio Chapter 10

  1. cell division
    process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
  2. mitosis
    part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides
  3. cytokinesis
    division of the cytoplasm during the cell division
  4. chromatid
    one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
  5. centromere
    area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
  6. interphase
    period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
  7. cell cycle
    series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
  8. prophase
    first and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus
  9. centriole
    one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope
  10. spindle
    fanlike microtubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis
  11. metaphase
    second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
  12. telophase
    fourth and final phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material
  13. anaphase
    the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles
  14. cyclin
    one of the family of closely related proteins that regulate the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells
  15. cancer
    disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth
Card Set
Bio Chapter 10
Bio Vocab. Unit 3