FYC3112 Exam 2

  1. Define trauma.
    • Very stressful experience
    • Must take fast action to survive
    • Leads to upsetting memories
  2. Describe potential impacts of trauma
    • physical reaction
    • emotional reaction
    • possibly environmental change
    • affects dynamic of group/family
    • can be a domino effect
  3. Describe the factors that impact trauma recovery
    • positive outlook/comforting beliefs
    • support network
    • high self-esteem
    • open and supportive communication
    • adaptability
    • community resources
  4. External trauma – be able to define and give an example of it.
    • Trauma experienced by an event outside of the individual’s
    • direct impact
    • such as natural disasters and 9/11
  5. Primary and secondary trauma – be able to define them, give examples
    • Primary: Trauma is directly related to the victim’s experience (example - experiencing a tornado that destroyed your house)
    • Secondary: The trauma happened to someone else, or somewhere else (example - 9/11 terroist attack)
  6. What effects can trauma have on family functioning?
    • Marital stress, could see more domestic violence
    • Stress resulting from financial or housing problems
    • Strained relationships between parents and children
    • Parents may not realize how their children are coping because they are focused on their own distress
  7. Know the different types of abuse, and what they would entail
    • Physical abuse
    • Sexual abuse and exploitation
    • Neglect
    • Emotional abuse
    • Economic abuse
  8. Know prevalence of couple violence: age and gender of those most at risk
    85% of the victims of intimate violence are women; highest rate for age 20-34
  9. 3 Phase Cycle of abuse
    • (1) Tension
    • (2) Escalation/Violence
    • (3) Remorse
  10. Correlates of abuse
    • Feelings powerlessness/inadequacy
    • Need to control
    • Stress
    • History of violence
    • Psychopathology
    • Low impulse control
  11. Reasons why women might stay in an abusive relationship
    • Fear
    • Lack of power/resources
    • Love/hope of reform
    • Cultural norms and socialization
    • Childhood experience
  12. What do we know about abuse of husbands?
    • Some suspect that there are equal rates of violence toward men (but men do more damage, and are less likely to report being abused), however, reports show much higher rates for women
    • Husbands more likely to leave an abusive relationship w/in a short time
  13. What is the most common type of abuse for children?
  14. Which types of children are most at risk of abuse?
    • Children age 3 and younger the most victimized
    • Girls more likely than boys for sexual abuse; Boys slightly more likely physical
    • Children who are mentally and/or physically disabled or have abnormalities
    • Children who are adopted and/or in foster care
  15. What are some correlates of physical abuse (know at least 3)
    • Belief in physical punishment
    • Unrealistic expectations
    • History of abuse as a child
    • History of prior violence
    • Parental stress/feelings of helplessness
    • Mental health issues
    • Isolation
    • Low income
  16. Know at least 2 long-term consequences of abuse
    • Behavioral or psychological problems
    • Physical injury or impairment
    • Poor school performance
    • Alcohol or drug abuse
    • Difficulty with relationships
  17. Theories of Family Violence – be able to name, define, and give examples of at least 2 theories
    Social Learning Theory - most behavior is learned through individuals’ experience and observation of their own and others’ behaviors. Example: individuals who have experienced violence are more likely to use violence than those who have experienced little or no violence

    Ecological Theory - parental violence and abuse arise out of a mismatch between parent and child or between the family and its neighborhood or community. Example: a parent who is under a great deal of social stress and has poor coping skills may have a difficult time meeting the needs of a child who is hyperactive.

    Social Exchange Theory - proposes that both partner abuse and child abuse are governed by the principal of costs and benefits. Indidvuals use abuse when the rewards of doing so are greater than the costs. Example: the notion of “sweet revenge” - victims respond with extreme forms of violence after having been victimized.
Card Set
FYC3112 Exam 2
FYC3112 Exam 2