Theories of Family Violence – be able to name, define, and give examples of at least 2 theories
Social Learning Theory - most behavior is learned through individuals’ experience and observation of their own and others’ behaviors. Example: individuals who have experienced violence are more likely to use violence than those who have experienced little or no violence
Ecological Theory - parental violence and abuse arise out of a mismatch between parent and child or between the family and its neighborhood or community. Example: a parent who is under a great deal of social stress and has poor coping skills may have a difficult time meeting the needs of a child who is hyperactive.
Social Exchange Theory - proposes that both partner abuse and child abuse are governed by the principal of costs and benefits. Indidvuals use abuse when the rewards of doing so are greater than the costs. Example: the notion of “sweet revenge” - victims respond with extreme forms of violence after having been victimized.