Herbals therapuetics

  1. Coenzyme Q10
    • Act as antioxidant membrane stabilizer, cofactor for ATP
    • Uses: Heart failure, may lower blood pressure, especially used in combination with antihypertensives... may help immune function in hiv/aids
    • Migraines
  2. Garilic
    • Pharm effects due to allicin
    • May cause smooth relaxation and vasodilation by activiting nitric oxide
    • Reduces oxidative stress inihbits LDL oxidation
    • Effects: Atherosclerosism hypertension, tick bites ring worm jock itch and athletes
  3. Fish oil
    Cardiovascular effectss: typical intake: decreases risk of sudden cardiac death and CHD,,,, Low dose: decreases prgression of coronary atherosclerosis, antiarryhtmic .,.,, high doses: lowers TG levels lowers bp reduced resting hr
  4. Flaxseed
    • Alpha-linlenic acid
    • may increase TG by 10%
    • 40 to50 grams may decrease LDL
  5. REd Yeast Rice
    Often contain statin medications
  6. Hawthorn
    • Increases membrane permeability for ca, phosphodiesterase inhibition --> increased cAMP --> increased coronary blood flow, vasodilation
    • HEart failure
  7. Ginko
    • Antioxidant
    • Neural and reintal protective effects
    • Can help dementia in patients that already have developing se but not effective in regular pts
    • Cognitive function
    • Intermittent claudication
    • PMS
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Vertigo
    • Glaucoma
  8. MElatonin
    • Regulates bodys circadium rhtym endocrine secretions sleep patterns
    • Jet lag
  9. St. Johns Wort
    • Depression
    • Menopausal symptoms
  10. Valerian
    • Thought to have sedative-hypnotic, anxiolytic, anti depressant anticonvulsant and antispasmodic effects: may bind directly to gaba receptors
    • Insomnia
  11. 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)
    Used for sleep disorders, depression, anxiety, tension type headaches fibromyalgia
  12. Chamomile
    • Oil contains anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity
    • One flavonoid identified has been linked to benzodiazepines
    • Dyspepsia
    • Oral mucositis
  13. Riboflavin
    • Vitamin B2
    • Ameliorating effect on mitochondrial dysfunction that might be involved in pathology of migraine
    • Similar efficacy to beta blockers
  14. Pyridoxine
    • Vitamin B6
    • Pregnancy induced nausea and vomiting
  15. Ginger
    • may increaase gastrointestinal motility
    • may act on serotonin recetpors, similar to antiemtic zofran
    • Morning sickness
    • Post operative N/V
    • Motion sickness
  16. Milk Thistle
    • Active constituent is silymarin a potent inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor TNF, block cytotoxicity inflammation apoptosis Antioxidant Especially selective for liver cells
    • Dyspepsia
    • Diabetes
  17. peppermint
    • Applied topically the menthol has a direct inhibitory effect on senitized pain receptors
    • Antispasmotic due to direct relaxing effect on GI tract smooth muscle
    • Dyspepsia
    • Barium enemia related colonic spasm
    • Tension ha
  18. Senna
    • Inhibits fluid secretion --> increases colonic motility and transit
    • Laxative effect seen 8 to 10 hours after effect
  19. Alpha lipoic acid
    Diabetic neuropathy
  20. ginseng
    • Diabetes reduce glucose levels in DM type 2 after meals
    • Respiratory tract infections
  21. DHEA
    • Adrenal insufficency, improved feelings of well being skin nd hair sexuality in women
    • Erectile Dysfunction
    • Aging skin
    • Osteoporsis
    • Schizophrenia
    • SLE
  22. Echinacea
    • Common Cold
    • Immune stimulants
  23. Green Tea
    • May have anti-inflammatory activity
    • Mental Alertness throughout the day
    • Genital Warts
    • Hyperlipidemia Lowers cholesterol and TG
  24. Probiotics
    • Strains of microorganisms that are normally found in the gut
    • Improve noramal flora function: Production of VIt K and B, BKdown of food, Absorption of foods
  25. Oscillococcinum
    Dilution of duck liver and heart extract
  26. Cranberry
    • The juice is more effective
    • Contains salicylic acid
    • Urinary tract infection prevention NOT treatment
  27. Saw Palmetto
    • Antiadrenogenic, antiproliferative and antiinflammatory properties
    • May reduce prostate growth
  28. Tea Tree Oil
    • Acne
    • Onychomycosis
  29. AloeVera
    • Inhibit thromboxane A2 (potent vasoconstrictor)
    • Prevent ischemia in wound--> speeding healing
    • Psoriasis
    • Burns
    • Constipation
  30. black cohosh
    Hot flashes, estrogen replacement
  31. Phyoestrogen
    • Estrogenic and antiestrogenic properties
    • Can be a risk for breast cancer
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Herbals therapuetics
Herbals therapuetics