Psy 1010

  1. Psychology
    Is the scientific study of the mind, brain nad behavior.
  2. Levels of explanation
    Rungs on a ladder of explanation, with lower levels tied most closely to biological influences and higher levels tied most closely to social influences.
  3. Multiply Determined
    Caused by many factors
  4. Single-variable explanations
    Explanations that try to account for complex behaviors in terms of only a single cause.
  5. Individual Differences
    Variations among, people in their thinking, emotion and behavior.
  6. Naive Realism
    Belief that we see the presicely as it is
  7. Confirmation bias
    the tendency to seek out evidence that supports our hyphotheses and neglect or distort evidence that containts them.
  8. Belief Perseverance
    tendency to stick to our initial beliefs even when evidence contradicts them.
  9. Scientific Theory
    Explanation for larger number of fidings in the natural world.
  10. Hypotheses
    Testable prediction delivered from asienttific theory
  11. Pseudoscience
    Set of claims that seems scientific but isnt.
  12. Aphophenia
    Tendency to perceive meaninful connections among unrelated phenomena.
  13. Metaphysical Claims
    • Assertions about the world that are not testable.
    • ( God, soul and afterlife)
  14. Scientific Skepticism
    Approach of evaluating all claims with an open mind but insisting on persuasive evidence before accepting them.
  15. Critical Thinking
    Set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and careful fashion.
  16. Correlation-Causation Fallacy
    Error of assuming that because one thing is associated with another, it must cause the other.
  17. Variable
    Anything that can vary.
  18. Falsifiable
    Capable of being disproved
  19. Replicability
    When a study's findings are able to be duplicated, ideally by independent investigators.
  20. Instropection
    Method by which trained observers carefully reflect and report on their mental experiences.
  21. In what year did Rene Descartes Writes about the mind-body problem?
  22. In what year did Frans Anton Mesmer discovers principles of hypnosis?
    Late 1700s
  23. In what year did Charles Darwin Wrote the Origen of Evolution?
  24. When was the Ameriacan Psychology Association (APA) was founded?
  25. When did James William Wrote the Principles of Psychology?
  26. Who discovered Classical conditioning and in what year?
    Ivan Pavlov 1910
  27. Who develop the first intelligent test and in what year?
    Alfred Binet and Henri Simon. 1905
  28. Structuralism
    • Uses Instrospection to identify basic elements or structures of experience.
    • Founded by E. B. Tichener
  29. Functionalism:
    • aimed to understand the adaptive purposes of psychological characteristics.
    • It was founded by William James and Influenced by Charles Darwin.
  30. Behaviorism:
    • focuses on uncovering the general laws of learning by looking ar observable behavior.
    • founded by B. F. Skinner
  31. Cognitivism:
    • aimed to eximine the role of mental process on behavior.
    • founfed by Jean Piaget and Ulric Neisser.
  32. Psychoanalysis:
    • focus on uncovering the role of unconcious psychological processes and early life experiences in behavior.
    • founded by Sigmund Freud
  33. Evolutionary Psychology
    Dicipline that applies to Charles Darwin's theory of neutral selection to human and animal behavior.
  34. Basic Search
    research examining how the mind works.
  35. Applied Research:
    reasearch examing how we can use basic reasearch to solve real-world problems.
Card Set
Psy 1010
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