U.S. History Terms II

  1. Economic depression
    Period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises.
  2. Legislative branch
    Part of a government that passes laws.
  3. Executive branch
    Part of a government that carries out the laws.
  4. Judicial branch
    Part of a government that decides if laws are carried out fairly.
  5. Compromise
    Settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement.
  6. Separation of Powers
    System in which each branch of government has its own powers.
  7. Federalism
    Sharing of power between the states and the national government.
  8. Electoral college
    Group of electors from each state that meets every four years to vote for the President and Vice President.
  9. Checks and Balances
    System set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches.
  10. Bill
    Proposed law.
  11. Veto
  12. Override
    Overrule. Congress can override a President's veto if two-thirds of both house vote to do so.
  13. Impeach
    Bring charges against an official such as the President.
  14. Federalist
    Supporter of the Constitution in the ratification debate in 1787. Favored a strong national government.
  15. Amend
  16. Due process
    Right of every citizen to the same fari rule in all cases brought to trail.
  17. Unconstitutional
    Not permitted by the constitution of a nation.
  18. Necessary and proper clause
    The clause in Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution that gives Congress the power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressly delegated to it by the Constitution.
  19. Anti-Federalist
    Person opposed to the Constitution during the ratification debate in 1787.
  20. Elastic clause
    A statement in the U.S. Constitution granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers (Article 1, Section 8).
  21. Precedent
    Act or decision that sets an example for others to follow.
  22. Cabinet
    Group of officials who head government departments and advise the President.
  23. Judicial Review
    Right of the Supreme Court to review acts of the President and laws passes by Congress and declare them unconstitutional.
  24. Appropriate
    Set aside money for a special purpose.
  25. Standing commitee
    Permanent commitee in the House of Representatives or the Senate.
  26. Joint commitees
    Group of members of both the House of Representatives and Senate
  27. Constituents
    People who elect a representative to office.
  28. Executive agreements
    Informal agreement made by the President of the United States with other heads of state.
  29. Jury
    Panel of citizens.
  30. Apeal
    Ask that a decision be reviewed by a higher court.
Card Set
U.S. History Terms II
U.S. History terms from economic depression to appeal; 8 page packet.