Psych 19 Ch. 10

  1. Erikson's Theory: Industry vs. Inferiority
    Psychological conflict of middle childhood, which is resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks.
  2. Problem-centered coping
    Appraise the situation as changeable, identify the difficulty, and decide what to do about it. If problem solving does not work they engage in emotion-centered coping.
  3. Emotion-centered coping
    Is internal, private, and aimed in controlling distress when little can be done about an outcome
  4. Perspective taking
    The capacity to imagine what other people may be thinking and feeling
  5. Peer Groups
    Collectives that generate unique values and standards for behavior and a soical structure of leaders and followers
  6. Peer Acceptance
    Refers to likeability - the extent to which a child is viewed by a group of agemates, such as classmates, as a worthy social partner
  7. Four General Categories of Peer Acceptance
    1.Popular children: who get many positive votes (are well-liked)

    2.Rejected children: who get many negative votes (are disliked)

    3.Controversial children: who get a large number of positive and negative votes (are both liked and disliked)

    4.Neglected children: who are seldom mentioned, either positively or negatively.
  8. Popular-Prosocial children
    The majority of these children combine academic and social competence
  9. Popular-antisocial children
    Includes "tough" boys - athletically skilled but poor students who casue trouble and defy adult authority - and relationally aggressive boys and girls who enhance their own status by ignoring, excluding and spreading rumors about other children.
  10. Rejected-aggressive children
    Show high rates of conflict, physical and relational aggression, hyperactive, inattentive and impulsive behavior.
  11. Rejected-withdrawn children
    a smaller subtype, are passive and socially awkward.
  12. Coregulation
    A form of supervision in which parents exercise general oversight while letting children take charge of moment-by-moment decision making.
Card Set
Psych 19 Ch. 10
Psych 19 Ch. 10 Flashcards