med term 8

  1. amni/o
    amnion (amniotic sac)
  2. cervic/o
    neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  3. colp/o
  4. vagin/o
  5. episi/o
  6. vulv/o
  7. galact/o
  8. lact/o
  9. gynec/o
    woman, female
  10. hyster/o
    uterus (womb)
  11. uter/o
    uterus (womb)
  12. lapar/o
  13. andr/o
  14. balan/o
    glans penis
  15. orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o
    testis (plural, testes)
  16. test/o
    testis (plural, testes)
  17. adip/o
  18. lip/o
  19. carcin/o
  20. cyst/o
  21. hemat/o
  22. hem/o
  23. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  24. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  25. metr/o
    uterus (womb); measure
  26. mamm/o
  27. mast/o
  28. men/o
    menses, menstruation
  29. nat/o
  30. oophor/o
  31. ovari/o
  32. perine/o
  33. salping/o
    tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
  34. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  35. spermat/o
    spermatozoa, sperm cells
  36. vas/o
    vessel; vas deferens; duct
  37. hydr/o
  38. muc/o
  39. olig/o
  40. -rrhaphy
  41. -tome
    instrument to cut
  42. -plasty
    surgical repair
  43. -algia, -dynia
  44. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  45. -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  46. -itis
  47. -lith
    stone, calculus
  48. -logy
    study of
  49. -logist
    specialist in study of
  50. -megaly
  51. -oid
  52. -arche
  53. -cyesis
  54. -gravida
    pregnant woman
  55. -para
    to bear (offspring)
  56. -al, -ic, -ous
    pertaining to, relating to
  57. -ia
  58. a-, an-
    without, not
  59. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  60. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  61. -tomy
  62. -oma
  63. -pathy
  64. -plasia
    formation, growth
  65. -plasm
    formation, growth
  66. -ptosis
    prolapse, downward displacement
  67. -rrhage, -rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)
  68. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  69. -scope
    instrument for examining
  70. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  71. -uria
  72. -salpinx
    tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
  73. -tocia
    childbirth, labor
  74. -version
  75. -ist
  76. neo-
  77. post-
    after, behind
  78. pre-
    before, in front of
  79. CS, C-section
    cesarean section
  80. D&C
    dilatation (dilation) and curettage
  81. Dx
  82. G
    gravida (pregnant)
  83. GYN
  84. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  85. IUD
    intrauterine device
  86. IVF
    in vitro fertilization
  87. LMP
    last menstrual period
  88. OB-GYN
    obstetrics and gynecology
  89. OCPs
    oral contraceptive pills
  90. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia, benign prostatic hypertrophy
  91. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  92. GU
  93. GC
  94. HPV
    human papillomavirus
  95. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  96. Pap
    papanicolaou (test)
  97. para 1,2,3
    unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable births)
  98. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  99. PIH
    pregnancy-induced hypertension
  100. PMP
    previous menstrual period
  101. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  102. TAH
    total abdominal hysterectomy
  103. TRAM
    transverse rectus abdominis muscle
  104. TSS
    toxic shock syndrome
  105. TVH
    total vaginal hysterectomy
  106. TURP, TUR
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  107. XY
    male sex chromosomes
  108. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  109. VD
    venereal disease
  110. candidiasis
    vaginal fungal infection caused by candida albicans; characterized by a curdy or cheeselike discharge and extreme itching
  111. cervicitis
    inflammation of the uterine cervix
  112. ectopic pregnancy
    implantation of the fertilized ovum outside of the uterine cavity
  113. endometriosis
    presence of endometrial tissue outside (ectopic) the uterine cavity, such as the pelvis or abdomen
  114. fibroid
    benign neoplasm in the uterus that is composed largely of fibrous tissue; aka leiomyoma
  115. leukorrhea
    white discharge from the vagina
  116. oligomenorrhea
    scanty or infrequent menstrual flow
  117. pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)
    potentially life-threatening disorder that usually develops after the 20th week of pregnancy and is characterized by edema and proteinuria
  118. pyosalpinx
    pus in the fallopian tube
  119. retroversion
    turning, or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ being tipped from its normal position (such as uterus)
  120. sterility
    inability of a woman to become pregnant or for a man to impregnate a woman
  121. toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
    rare & sometimes fatal staphylococcus infection that generally occurs in menstruating women, most of whom use vaginal tampons for menstrual protection
  122. trichomoniasis
    protozoal infestation of the vagina, urethra, or prostate
  123. anorchism
    congenital absence of one or both testes; aka anorchia
  124. balanitis
    inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
  125. cryptorchidism
    failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotum
  126. epispadias
    congenital defect in which the urethra opens on upper side of the penis near the glans penis instead of the tip
  127. hypospadias
    congenital defect in which the male urethra opens on undersurface of the penis instead of the tip
  128. impotence
    inability of a man to achieve or maintain a penile erection; commonly called erectile dysfunction
  129. phimosis
    stenosis or narrowness of the preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be pushed back over the glans penis
  130. sexually transmitted disease (STD)
    any disease that may be acquired as a result of sexual intercourse or other intimate contact w/ an infected individual and affects the male and female reproductive systems; aka venereal disease
  131. chlamydia
    STD caused by infection w/ the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis
  132. genital warts
    wart(s) in the genitalia caused by HPV
  133. gonorrhea
    contagious bacterial infection that most commonly affects the genitourinary tract and, occasionally, the pharynx or rectum
  134. herpes genitalis
    infection in females and males of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa w/ herpes simplex virus type 2
  135. syphilis
    infectious, chronic STD characterized by lesions that change to a chancre and may involve any organ or tissue
  136. amniocentesis
    obstetric procedure that involves surgical puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance to remove amniotic fluid
  137. colposcopy
    examination of the vagina and cervix w/ an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope)
  138. hysterosalpingography
    radiography of the uterus and oviducts after injection of a contrast medium
  139. laparoscopy
    visual examination of the abdominal cavity w/ a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus
  140. mammography
    radiography of breast; used to diagnose benign and malignant tumors
  141. papanicolaou (Pap) test
    • microscopic analysis of cells taken from the cervix and vagina to detect the presence of carcinoma
    • cells are obtained for a Pap test via insertion of a vaginal speculum and the use of a swab to scrape a small tissue sample from the cervix and vagina
  142. digital rectal examination (DRE)
    examination of the prostate gland by finger palpation through the anal canal and the rectum
  143. prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    blood test to screen for prostate cancer
  144. cerclage
    obstetric procedure in which a nonabsorbable suture is used for holding the cervix closed to prevent spontaneous abortion in a woman who has an incompetent cervix
  145. dilation and curettage
    surgical procedure that widens the cervical canal of the uterus (dilation) so that the endometrium of the uterus can be scraped (curettage)
  146. hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy
    surgical removal of a uterus, a fallopian tube, and an ovary
  147. lumpectomy
    excision of a small primary breast tumor ("lump") and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it
  148. mastectomy
    complete or partial excision of one or both breasts, most commonly performed to remove a malignant tumor
  149. total mastectomy
    excision of an entire breast, nipple, areola, and the involved overlying skin; aka simple mastectomy
  150. modified radical
    excision of an entire breast, including lymph nodes in the underarm (axillary dissection)
  151. radical
    excision of an entire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast
  152. reconstructive breast surgery
    reconstruction of a breast that has been removed due to cancer or other disease
  153. tissue (skin) expansion
    common breast reconstruction technique in which a balloon expander is inserted beneath the skin and chest muscle, saline solution is gradually injected to increase size, and the expander is then replaced w/ a more permanent implant
  154. transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap
    surgical creation of a skin flap (using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen), which is passed under the skin to the breast area, shaped into a natural-looking breast, and sutured into place
  155. tubal ligation
    sterilization procedure that involves blocking both fallopian tubes by cutting or burning them and tying them off
  156. circumcision
    surgical removal of the foreskin or prepuce of the penis, usually performed on the male as an infant
  157. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    surgical procedure to relieve obstruction caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (excessive overgrowth of normal tissue) by insertion of a resectoscope into the penis and through the urethra to "chip away" at prostatic tussue and flush out chips (using an irrigating solution)
  158. gonadotropin
    hormonal preparation used to increase sperm count in infertility cases
Card Set
med term 8
reproductive system