chapter 20

  1. What European nation first established direct contact with black Africa?
  2. King Nzinga Mvemba of Kongo was noteworthy because he
    was the first African monarch converted to Christianity.
  3. Which of the following do not represent part of the Portuguese model for interaction with the Africans?

    C. refusal to accept alliances with African rulers
  4. What was slavery like in Europe before 1450?
    Slavery had died out during the Middle Ages in most of Europe except along the military frontier between Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean.
  5. How did the Portuguese method of obtaining slaves change in the fifteenth century?
    After initial raids, the Portuguese discovered that trade was a more secure and profitable way to get slaves.
  6. Aside from Brazil, the region of the New World that received the most slaves was
    the plantation islands of the Caribbean.
  7. What was the demographic impact of the slave trade on Africa?
    The slave trade had the impact of skewing the population of central Africa in favor of a disproportional number of women.
  8. The British controlled their share of the Atlantic slave trade through the
    Royal African Company.
  9. What was the impact of the slave trade on Europeans sent to Africa?
    Most died of tropical diseases.
  10. Which of the following was not part of the system of "triangular trade"?

    E. All of the answers are correct
    B. shipment of North American manufactured products to the Caribbean
  11. Where did most of the centralizing states of central and western Africa form in response to the Atlantic slave trade?
    in the interior, along lines of trade to the trade forts, but outside European zones of influence
  12. Which of the following was not a large African state that developed during the period of the Atlantic slave trade?

    E. Ghana
  13. Under whose rule was unity achieved among the numerous Akan clans of Asante?
    Osei Tutu
  14. In what area of Africa was a plantation economy based on slave labor established?
    the coastal region of East Africa
  15. The Sufi mystic responsible for initiating a religious reform movement among the Hausa kingdoms in 1804 was
    Usuman Dan Fodio
  16. In 1818 who assumed leadership in the Zulu chiefdom of the Nguni people of southern Africa?
  17. The "Middle Passage" referred to
    the voyage from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas.
  18. How were the British colonies of the southern Atlantic coast of North America different from the Latin American colonies?
    The British colonies depended less on imported Africans because of the positive rate of growth among the slaves.
  19. The most important of the Portuguese trade forts was __________ in the heart of the gold-producing region.
    El Mina
  20. Christian missionaries achieved a major success in the Kongo where the ruler, __________, and the royal family were converted.
    Nzinga Mvemba
  21. The foundation of the trade fort at __________ south of Kongo became the basis for the Portuguese colony of Angola.
  22. The __________ was chartered to supply a source of slaves for the growing British colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia.
    Royal African Company
  23. The Spanish developed a complicated system in which a healthy adult male slave was called an "__________," while children and women were valued at fractions of that value.
    Indies piece
  24. During some periods there did exist a __________ trade in which slaves were carried to the Americas, sugar and tobacco to Europe, and European products to the coast of Africa.
  25. In the area called the Gold Coast by the Europeans, the empire of __________ rose to prominence in the period of the slave trade.
  26. The vigorous king __________ took the title of supreme civil and religious leader among the Asante.
    Osei Tutu
  27. The kingdom of __________, which developed among the Fon or Aja peoples, emerged as a power in the seventeenth century from its center at Abomey.
  28. In 1804 __________ preached reformist ideology in the Hausa kingdoms and precipitated a revolution against the Hausa kings.
    Usuman Dan Fodio
  29. A purifying Sufi variant of Islam had an intense impact on the __________ people, pastoralists who were spread across a broad area of the Western Sudan.
  30. After 1834 the Boers staged a __________ far to the north to be free of government interference.
    great trek
  31. In 1818 leadership of the Nguni peoples fell to __________, a brilliant military tactician who reformed the loose forces into regiments organized by lineage and age.
  32. The rise of the Zulu and other Nguni chiefdoms was the beginning of the __________, or wars of crushing and wandering.
  33. New African states like the __________, which adapted aspects of the Zulu model emerged among the survivors of the Zulu migration.
  34. __________ successfully resisted the Zulu example by combining Sotho and Nguni speakers and defending itself against Nguni armies.
  35. The slave voyage to the Americas, the "__________" as it was called, was a traumatic experience for the slaves.
    Middle Passage
  36. Each American slave society recognized distinctions between African-born "__________" slaves who were invariably black and their American-born descendants, the "creole" slaves.
    salt water
  37. In the English islands, __________ was the name given to African religious ideas.
  38. During the seventeenth century in Brazil, __________, an enormous runaway slave kingdom with numerous villages, resisted Portuguese and Dutch attempts to destroy it.
  39. Perhaps the most remarkable story of African American resistance is found in the forests of __________, a former Dutch plantation colony.
  40. Under the leadership of __________ an abolitionist movement gained strength in Britain against its opponents made up of merchants and the "West Indies interests."
    William Wilberforce
Card Set
chapter 20
Atlantic Slave Trade