Psychological disorders

  1. psychopathy
    patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are maladaptive, disruptive, or uncomfortable for those who are affected or for those with whom they come in contact
  2. impaired functioning
    difficulty in fulfulling appropriate and expected family, social, and work-related roles
  3. biopsychosocial model
    a view of mental disorders as caused by a combination of interacting biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors
  4. nuerobiological model
    a modern name for the midical model, in which psychological disorders are seen as reflecting disturbances in the anatomy and chemistry of the brain and in other biological processes
  5. psychological model
    a view in which mental disorder is seen as arising from psychological processes
  6. sociocultural model
    a way of looking at mental disorders in relation to gener, age, ethnicity, and other social and cultural factors
  7. diathesis-stress approach
    viewing psychological disorders as arising when a predisposition for a disorder combines with sufficient amounts of stress to trigger symptoms
  8. anxiety disorder
    a condition in which intense feeling of apprehension are long-standing and disruptive
  9. phobia
    an anxiety disorder involving strong, irrational fear of an object or situation that does not objectively justify such a reation
  10. specific phobia
    an anxiety disorder involving fear and aviodance of heights, animals, and other specific stimuli and situations
  11. social phobia
    an anxiety disorder involving strong, irrational fears relating to social situations
  12. agoraphobia
    an anxiety disorder involving stong fear of being alone or away from the security of home
  13. generalized anxiety disorder
    a condition that involves relatively mild but long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any partifulat object or situation
  14. panic disorder
    an anxiety disorder involving sudden panic attacks
  15. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    an anxiety disorder involving repetitive thoughts and urges to perform certain rituals
  16. somatoform disorder
    psychological problems in which there are symptoms of a physical disorder without a physical cause
  17. conversion disorder
    a somatoform disorder in which a person displays blindess, deafness, or other symptioms of sensory or motor failure without a physical cause
  18. hypocondriasis
    a somatoform disorder involving stong, unjustified fear of physical illness
  19. somatization disorder
    somatoform disorders in which there are numerous physical complaints without verfied physical illness
  20. pain disorder
    a somatoform disorder marked by complaints of severe pain with no physical cause
  21. dissociative disorders
    rare conditions that involve sudden and usually tempirary disruptions in a person's memory consciousness, or identity
  22. dissociative fugue
    a dissociative disorder involving sudden loss of memory and the assumption of a new identity in a new locale
  23. dissociative amnesia
    a dissociatvie disorder involving sudden loss of memory
  24. dissociative identity disorder (DID)
    a dissociative disorder in which a person reports having more than one identity
  25. mood disorder
    conditions in which a person experiences extreme moods, such as depression or mania
  26. major depressive disorder
    a mood disorder in which a person feels sad and hopeless for weeks or months
  27. delusions
    false beliefs, such as those experienced by people suffering from schizophrenia or extreeme depression
  28. dysthmic disorder
    a mood disorder involving a pattern of comparatively mild depression that lasts for at least two years
  29. mania
    an elated, very active emotional state
  30. bipolar I disorder
    a mood disorder in which a person alternates between deep depression and mania
  31. schizophrenia
    a severe and disabling pattern of disturbed thinking, emotion, perception, and behavior
  32. paranoid schiz
    delusions of grandeur or persecution; anger; anxiety; argumentativeness; extreme jealousy; onset often sudden; signs of impairment may be subtle
  33. disorganized schitz
    delusions; hallucinations; incoherent speech; facial grimaces; inappropriate laughter/ gigggling; neglected personal hygiene; loss of bladder/ bowel control
  34. catatonic schiz
    disordered movement , alternating between total immobility and wild excitement.
  35. undifferentiated schitz
    patterns of disordered behatio, thought, and emotion that do not fall easily into any other subtype
  36. residual schitz
    applies to people who have had prior episodes of schitz buy are not currently displaying sysmptoms
  37. hallucinations
    a symptom of disorder in which people perceive voices or other stimuli when there are no stimuli present
  38. positive symptoms
    Schiz symptoms such as disorganized thoughts, hallucinations, and delusions
  39. negative symptoms
    schiz symptoms such as absence of pleasure, lack of speech, and flat affect
  40. personality disorder
    long-standing, inflexible ways of behaving that create a variety of problems
  41. antisocial personality disorder
    a personality disorder involving impulsive, selfish, unscrupulous, even criminal behavior
  42. addiction
    devopment of a physical need for a psychoactive drug
  43. alcoholism
    a pattern of drinking that may lead to addiction and almost always causes sever social, physical, and other problems
Card Set
Psychological disorders