Men's Health

  1. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
    is prostate gland enlargement due to increased epithelial cells and stromal tissue.
  2. What does BPH results from?
    endocrine changes associated with the aging process
  3. The compression of the urethra leads to clinical symptoms:
    • decrease in caliber and force of the urinary stream
    • difficulty in initiating voiding
    • intermittency and dribbling
  4. Conservative and initial treatment is _________ ___________ when there are 0/mild symptoms
    • watchful waiting
    • Drug therapy may also be used.
  5. Invasive treatment of symptomatic BPH involves
    prostate resection or ablation.
  6. Prostate cancer is the __________cancer among men, excluding skin cancer.
    most common
  7. Risk factors of prostate cancer include
    • family history
    • age
    • ethnicity
  8. Symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to those for BPH including
    • dysuria
    • hesitancy
    • dribbling
    • frequency
    • urgency.
  9. Elevated levels of ___________ ________ _____indicate prostatic pathology, although not necessarily prostate cancer.
    prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
  10. The conservative approach to management is
    “watchful waiting”
  11. Invasive therapies include ___________ ___________ and _______________
    radical prostatectomy and cryosurgery
  12. Treatment may also include
    drugs, hormones, chemotherapy, and radiation.
  13. The nursing role is to encourage patients
    to have annual PSA and digital rectal exam
  14. What age should men start having PSA and digital rectal exams?
    age 50 or younger if risk factors present.
  15. The term prostatitis describes a group of ____________ and ____________ conditions affecting the prostate gland
    inflammatory and noninflammatory
  16. what are the different types of prostatitis?
    • acute bacterial prostatitis
    • chronic bacterial prostatitis
    • chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome
    • asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
  17. What drugs are used for acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis?
  18. What is Epididymitis?
    acute painful inflammatory process of the epididymis secondary to an infectious process, trauma, or urinary reflux down the vas deferens.
  19. Conservative treatment of epididymitis?
    • bed rest with elevation of scrotum
    • use of ice packs
    • analgesics.
Card Set
Men's Health
Men's Health ch. 55, lewis