MicroFinal.txt

  1. 1. Which of the following statement is true about VIRULENCE?
    a. the degree or intensity of pathogenicity.
    b. a pathogen that has lost its ability to produce a disease
    c. pathogens that only infect people with a repressed immune system
    d. pathogens that are spread through the soil.
    a. the degree or intensity of pathogenicity. *
  2. 2. Which of the following statement is correct regarding NOSOCOMIAL infection?
    a. an infection that one catches from an animal
    b. an infection that one gets from drinking contaminated water.
    c. an infection that one gets from an insect bite; i.e., Lyme disease from the tick.
    d. an infection that a hospital patient picks up at the hospital from the personnel or materials used in the hospital.
    d. an infection that a hospital patient picks up at the hospital from the personnel or materials used in the hospital. *
  3. 3. The normal flora of a human is NOT known to do which of the following?
    a. produce diseases under certain conditions
    b. protects us against many pathogens.
    c. produces anti-carcinogenic chemicals.
    d. all of the above (A, B, & C)
    c. produces anti-carcinogenic chemicals. *
  4. 4. Which of the following does NOT describe one of Koch's Postulates?
    a. isolate the suspected agent from a disease victim
    b. grow the agent in pure culture.
    c. isolate the same agent from a new victim
    d. characterizes the Gram staining characteristic of the isolated agent.
    d. characterizes the Gram staining characteristic of the isolated agent. *
  5. 5. Which of the following microorganism needs host cell for reproduction?
    a. Bacteria
    b. Fungi
    c. Protozoa
    d. Virus
    d. Virus *
  6. 6. Which of the following structure of a virus originated from host cell membrane?
    a. Capsid
    b. Capsomere
    c. Envelope
    d. Genome
    c. Envelope *
  7. 7. Which of the following disease is caused by prion?
    a. Measles
    b. Hepatitis
    c. AIDS
    d. Kuru
    d. Kuru *
  8. 8. Which of the following diseases is spread by a vector?
    a. Tuberculosis
    b. Malaria
    c. Cholera
    d. Influenza
    b. Malaria *
  9. 9. Which of the following characteristics is absent in eukaryotes?
    a. Distinct Nucleus
    b. Multiple Chromosomes
    c. Plasmids
    d. Membrane bound organelles
    c. Plasmids *
  10. 10. Which of the following features is not present in a virus?
    a. Capsid
    b. Capsomere
    c. Genome
    d. Ribosomes
    d. Ribosomes *
  11. 11. Which of the following scientists was responsible for developing a vaccine against rabies?
    a. Waksman
    b. Koch
    c. Pasteur
    d. Jenner
    c. Pasteur *
  12. 12. Which of the following scientists is famous for developing streptomycin?
    a. Semmelweis
    b. Anton van Leeuenhoek
    c. Waksman
    d. Koch
    c. Waksman *
  13. 13. Who was the first person to discover and record the presence of "little animals" in pond water?
    a. Anton van Leeuenhoek
    b. Robert Kooke
    c. Paul Ehrlich
    d. Joseph Lister
    a. Anton van Leeuenhoek *
  14. 14. Which of the following is characteristic of bacteria?
    a. they multiple by binary fission
    b. they have complex linear DNA chromosomes
    c. They all are motile
    d. they contain 80S ribosomes
    a. they multiple by binary fission *
  15. 15. Which of the following is the purpose of pili on bacteria?
    a. Motility
    b. Nutritional
    c. Adherence to host cells
    d. Production of toxins
    c. Adherence to host cells *
  16. 16. Which of the following is NOT used to classify bacteria?
    a. staining characterisitics
    b. shape
    c. metabolic requirement
    d. size
    d. size *
  17. 17. Which of the following temperature ranges best suites psychrophilic bacteria?
    a. 0-20 degrees
    b. 20-25 degrees
    c. 45-60 degrees
    d. 60-90 degrees
    a. 0-20 degrees *
  18. 18. Which of the following is known as the mordant in the Gram stain?
    a. Crystal violet
    b. Iodine
    c. Safranin
    d. Alcohol
    b. Iodine *
  19. 19. Which of the following would be the color of a Gram negative stain?
    a. Red
    b. Green
    c. Blue
    d. Golden
    a. Red *
  20. 20. Which of the following is NOT likely to be identified with the Gram stain?
    a. Chlamydia
    b. Bacteriodes
    c. Corynebacteria
    d. Helicobacteria
    a. Chlamydia *
  21. 21. All of the following bacteria are Gram negative except?
    a. Bacteriodes
    b. Corynebacteria
    c. Borrelia
    d. Listeria
    b. Corynebacteria *
  22. 22. Which of the following are obligate intracellular parasites?
    a. Legionella
    b. Clostridia
    c. Leptospira
    d. Rickettsiae
    d. Rickettsiae*
  23. 23. Which of the following is a curved Gram negative bacterium?
    a. Treponema pallidum
    b. Vibrio cholera
    c. Legionella pneumophilia
    d. Bacillus cereus
    b. Vibrio cholera*
  24. 24. Which of the following is a microbe with a flexible cell wall that allows the bacterium to take the shape of a spiral?
    a. Borrelia
    b. Bordetella
    c. Bacillus
    d. Bacteriodes
    a. Borrelia*
  25. 25. Which of the following is the reason why Chlamydia does not stain easily with the Gram stain?
    a. it has a very thick waxy cell wall
    b. it has only 70S ribosomes
    c. it is an obligate intracellular parasite
    d. it does not have a conventional cell wall
    d. it does not have a conventional cell wall*
  26. 26. Rickettsiae are considered to be pleomorphic microbes because of which of the following reasons?
    a. it has a thick waxy cell wall
    b. it likes both oxygen and carbon dioxide
    c. it may exist in cocci or bacilli shape
    d. it can only live within living tissue
    c. it may exist in cocci or bacilli shape*
  27. 27. Which of the following organisms is responsible for genital warts?
    a. Herpes Virus
    b. Adeno Virus
    c. Parvovirus
    d. Human Papilloma Virus
    d. Human Papilloma Virus *
  28. 28. Which of the following scientists is credited with the discovery of "MAGIC BULLET"?
    a. Fleming
    b. Lister
    c. Erlich
    d. Petri
    c. Erlich*
  29. 29. Which of the following scientists is famous for encouraging hand washing to prevent child birth fever?
    a. Semmelweis
    b. Spallanzani
    c. Waksman
    d. Erlich
    a. Semmelweis*
  30. 30. Which of the following Terms and definitions is NOT true?
    a. Toxin-Poisonous substance produced by dead or live bacteria.
    b. Commensal-Organism that is a part of the normal flora of the body.
    c. Idiopathic---Unknown cause.
    d. Nosology----Hospital acquired infection.
    d. Nosology----Hospital acquired infection.*
  31. 31. Which of the following DNA virus is NOT double stranded?
    a. Hepatitis B virus
    b. Parvovirus
    c. Adenovirus
    d. Herpes Virus
    b. Parvovirus*
  32. 32. Which of the following organisms is responsible for infant botulism?
    a. Clostridium tetani
    b. Clostridium botulinum
    c. Bacillus cereus
    d. Bacillus anthracis
    b. Clostridium botulinum*
  33. 33. Which of the following organism causes "Malignant pustules"?
    a. Corynebacterium diphtheria
    b. Bacillus anthracis
    c. Bacillus cereus
    d. Clostridium perfringens
    b. Bacillus anthracis*
  34. 34. Which of the following is a RNA virus?
    a. Hepatitis B
    b. Adenovirus
    c. Herpes Virus
    d. HIV
    d. HIV*
  35. 35. Which of the following organism causes food poisoning following eating of reheated fried rice?
    a. Bacillus cereus
    b. Bacillus antrhacis
    c. Srreptococcus
    d. Staphylococci
    a. Bacillus cereus*
  36. 36. Which of the following organisms is responsible for Diphtheriae?
    a. Staphylococcus aureus
    b. Streptococcus pyogens
    c. Corynebacterium diphtheria
    d. Listeria monocytogens
    c. Corynebacterium diphtheria *
  37. 37. Which of the following organisms is spore bearing?
    a. Listeria monocytogens
    b. Staphylococcus aureus
    c. Streptococcus viridans
    d. Clostridium tetani
    d. Clostridium tetani*
  38. 38. Which of the following organisms causes pharyngitis?
    a. Clostridium difficile
    b. Listeria monocytogens
    c. Streptococcus pyogens
    d. Bacillus cereus
    c. Streptococcus pyogens*
  39. 39. Which of the following organisms is the commonest cause of UTI?
    a. Staphylococcus saphrophyticus
    b. E. coli
    c. Streptococcus pyogens
    d. Staphylococcus aureus
    b. E. coli*
  40. 40. Which of the following gram negative rods causes whooping cough?
    a. Bordetella pertussis
    b. Haemophilus influenzae
    c. Legionella pneumophila
    d. Pasteurella multocida
    a. Bordetella pertussis*
  41. 41. Which of the following diseases is transmitted by contaminated dairy products?
    a. Brucellosis
    b. Tularemia
    c. Plauge
    d. Cellulitis
    a. Brucellosis*
  42. 42. Which of the following organisms is responsible for wound infections associated with cat and dog bites?
    a. Yersinia pestis
    b. Pasteurella multocida
    c. Bordetella pertussis
    d. Haemophilus influenzae
    b. Pasteurella multocida*
  43. 43. Which of the following organisms causes plague?
    a. Yersinia pestis
    b. Francisella Tularensis
    c. Brucella species
    d. Bacteriods
    a. Yersinia pestis*
  44. 44. Which of the following gram negative rods has capacity to producing greenish pus pus in infections?
    a. Helicobcter pylori
    b. Campylobacter jejuni
    c. Vibrio cholerae
    d. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    d. Pseudomonas aeruginosa*
  45. 45. Which of the following bacteria causes "traveler's diarrhea"?
    a. E. coli
    b. Salmonella
    c. Helicobacter pylorus
    d. Klebsiella pneumonia
    a. E. coli*
  46. 46. Which of the following organisms is responsible for gastric carcinoma?
    a. Campylobacter jejuni
    b. Salmonella typhi
    c. Helicobacter pylori
    d. Bordetella pertussis
    c. Helicobacter pylori*
  47. 47. Which of the following bacteria causes lobar pneumonia associated with diabetes and alcoholism?
    a. Hemophilus influenzae
    b. Pseudomonas aeuroginosa
    c. Klebsiella pneumonia
    d. Bacteroids
    c. Klebsiella pneumonia*
  48. 48. Which of the following organisms is the commonest type of atypical pneumonia?
    a. Chlamydia pneumonia
    b. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    c. Legionella pneumophila
    d. None of the Above
    b. Mycoplasma pneumonia*
  49. 49. Which of the following organisms is "comma-shaped"?
    a. Haemophilus influenza
    b. Legionella pneumophilla
    c. Vibrio cholerae
    d. Bordetella pertussis
    c. Vibrio cholerae*
  50. 50. Which of the following bacteria are STRICTLY gram negative anaerobes?
    a. Yersinia pestis
    b. Pasteurella multocida
    c. Bacteroids
    d. Mycobacterium leprae
    c. Bacteroids*
  51. 51. Which of the bacteria causes Lyme disease?
    a. Trepomena pallidum
    b. Boreillia burgdorferi
    c. Leptospira interrogans
    d. Brucella abortus
    b. Boreillia burgdorferi*
  52. 52. Which of the following bacteria produces inclusions body -used in laboratory identifications of these organisms?
    a. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
    b. Rickettsia rickettssi
    c. Chlamydia species
    d. None of the above
    c. Chlamydia species*
  53. 53. Which of the following is characteristic of medically important parasites?
    a. They do not need a host in order to complete all or part of their cycle
    b. They are eukaryotic
    c. There are three main groups - protozoa, sporozoa and metazoan
    d. The sporozoan group is comprised of motile protozoa with both cilia and flagella
    b. They are eukaryotic *
  54. 54. Which of the following is caused by Leishmania donovani?
    a. Liver abscesses
    b. Massive hepatosplenomegaly
    c. Chronic encephalitis
    d. Mucocutaneous ulcerations
    b. Massive hepatosplenomegaly *
  55. 55. Which of the following is caused by a sexually transmitted flagellated protozoan?
    a. Dysentery
    b. Pelvic inflammatory disease
    c. Recurrent urinary tract infection
    d. Green frothy malodorous discharge
    d. Green frothy malodorous discharge *
  56. 56. Which of the following is spread by contact with infected cat feces?
    a. Plasmodium vivax
    b. Cryptosporidium parvum
    c. Leishmania brasilensis
    d. Toxoplasma gondii
    d. Toxoplasma gondii *
  57. 57. Which of the following is spread by contact with infected farm animals?
    a. Entameba histolytica
    b. Giardia lamblia
    c. Cryptosporidium parvum
    d. Plasmodium ovale
    c. Cryptosporidium parvum *
  58. 58. Which of the following is the only human pathogenic ciliated protozoan?
    a. Balantidium coli
    b. Trichomonas vaginalis
    c. Toxoplasma gondii
    d. Entameba histolytica
    a. Balantidium coli *
  59. 59. Which of the following is the primary host for Toxoplasma gondii?
    a. Rats
    b. Humans
    c. Cats
    d. Pigeons
    c. Cats *
  60. 60. Which of the following is the vector for Plasmodium malariae?
    a. Female anopheles mosquitos
    b. Reduviid "kissing" bug
    c. Male aedes mosquitoes
    d. Ixodes ticks
    a. Female anopheles mosquitos *
  61. 61. Which of the following causes sleeping sickness?
    a. Leishmania donovani
    b. Trypanosoma gambiense
    c. Balantidium coli
    d. Trypanosoma cruzi
    b. Trypanosoma gambiense *
  62. 62. Which of the following causes chills, fever and convulsions with kidney failure?
    a. Plasmodium falciparum
    b. Plasmodium ovale
    c. Plasmodium malariae
    d. Plasmodium vivax
    a. Plasmodium falciparum *
  63. 63. Which of the following causes death from heart failure?
    a. Giardia lamblia
    b. Toxoplasma rhodesiense
    c. Leishmania donovani
    d. Trypanosoma cruzi
    d. Trypanosoma cruzi *
  64. 64. Which of the following is responsible for diarrhea among hikers?
    a. Giardia lamblia
    b. Toxoplasma gondii
    c. Leishmania donovani
    d. Trypanosoma cruzi
    a. Giardia lamblia *
  65. 65. Which of the following harbors the organism responsible for blindness, mental retardation and microcephaly in newborns?
    a. Cats
    b. Sheep
    c. Pigeons
    d. Tsetse fly
    a. Cats *
  66. 66. Which of the following statements is not true about Trichomoniasis?
    a. It is a sexually transmitted disease
    b. Wet mount testtrophozoite is found under microscope
    c. Greenish vaginal discharge severe itching
    d. The causative organism Trichomonas vaginalis is non motile
    d. The causative organism Trichomonas vaginalis is non motile *
  67. 67. Which of the following protozoa do not have locomotive structures?
    a. Trichomonas vaginalis
    b. Giardia lamblia
    c. Trypanosoma gambiense
    d. Plasmodium vivax
    d. Plasmodium vivax *
  68. 68. Which of the following protozoa is the causative agent of kala-azar (black sickness)?
    a. Toxoplasma gondi
    b. Guardia lamblia
    c. Leishmania donovani
    d. Plasmodium falciparum
    c. Leishmania donovani *
  69. 69. Which of the following disease transmitted by ingestion of cysts in raw meat, contact with soil contaminated by cat feces?
    a. Malaria
    b. Toxoplasmosis
    c. Chagas disease
    d. Sleeping sickness
    b. Toxoplasmosis *
  70. 70. Which of the following vectors is responsible for "Chagas disease"?
    a. Sand fly
    b. Reduviid bug
    c. Anopheles mosquito
    d. Tsetse fly
    b. Reduviid bug *
  71. 71. Which of the following protozoa causes dysentery and liver abscess?
    a. Entamoeba histolytica
    b. Giardia lamblia
    c. Trichomonas vaginalis
    d. Balantidium coli
    a. Entamoeba histolytica *
  72. 72. Which of the following protozoa responsible for chronic diarrhea in AIDS patients?
    a. Balantidium coli
    b. Cryptosporidium parvum
    c. Trichomonas vaginalis
    d. Giardia lamblia
    b. Cryptosporidium parvum *
  73. 73. Which of the following plasmodium species causes cerebral malaria?
    a. Plasmodium vivax
    b. Plasmodium ovale
    c. Plasmodium falciparum
    d. Plasmodium malariae
    c. Plasmodium falciparum *
  74. 74. Which of the following statements concerning Trypanosoma cruzi (CHAGAS DISEASE) is not correct?
    a. T cruzi is transmitted by Reduviid bug (kissing bug)
    b. T cruzi occurs primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa
    c. T cruzi can be diagnosed by seeing trypmastigotes in a blood smear
    d. T cruzi typically affects heart muscle, leading to cardiac failure
    b. T cruzi occurs primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa *
  75. 75. Which of the following diseases causes anemia due to destruction of RBC?
    a. Malaria
    b. Toxoplasmosis
    c. Leishmaniasis
    d. Trypanosomiasis
    a. Malaria *
  76. 76. Which of the following disease is the most common lethal "infectious disease" worldwide?
    a. Kala-azar
    b. Giardiasis
    c. Malaria
    d. Toxoplasmosis
    c. Malaria *
  77. 77. Plasmodium is transmitted from mosquito to human which of the following form?
    a. Sporozoite
    b. Merozoite
    c. Amistigote
    d. Promastigote
    a. Sporozoite *
  78. 78. Which of the following statements is not correct regarding Giardia lamblia?
    a. It is transmitted by fecal-oral route
    b. It has flagella
    c. It causes giardiasis
    d. It has only one stage- trophozoite form of life cycle
    d. It has only one stage- trophozoite form of life cycle *
  79. 79. Which of the following tape worm is the largest, frequently reaching 10m in length?
    a. Beef tapeworm
    b. Pork tapeworm
    c. Fish tapeworm
    d. None of the above
    c. Fish tapeworm *
  80. 80. Which of the following intestinal parasitic flatworms causes vitamin B12 deficiency?
    a. Taenia saginata
    b. Taenia solium
    c. Diphyllobothrium latum
    d. S. mansoni
    c. Diphyllobothrium latum *
  81. 81. Which of the following parasites causes hydatid cyst in liver?
    a. S. haematobium
    b. Echinococcus granulosus
    c. Diphyllobothrium latum
    d. C. sinensis
    b. Echinococcus granulosus *
  82. 82. Which of the following parasite remain prolong period in billiary tract?
    a. Paragonimus westermani
    b. Clonorchis sinensis
    c. Taenia solium
    d. None of the above
    b. Clonorchis sinensis *
  83. 83. Which of the following parasitic infection predisposes bladder carcinoma?
    a. S. haematobium
    b. S. mansoni
    c. S. japonicam
    d. None of the above
    a. S. haematobium *
  84. 84. Which of the following cestode acquired by eating undercooked beef?
    a. Taenia solium
    b. Taenia saginata
    c. Diphyllobothrium latum
    d. Echinococcus granulosus
    b. Taenia saginata *
  85. 85. Which of the following parasitic infection occurs through skin penetration?
    a. Schistosomiasis
    b. Paragonimiasis
    c. Clonorchiasis
    d. None of the above
    a. Schistosomiasis *
  86. 86. Which of the following trematodes results in an infection that is second only to malaria in causing morbidity and mortality in the tropics?
    a. Paragonimus
    b. Clonorchis
    c. Schistosoma
    d. None of the above
    c. Schistosoma *
  87. 87. Which of the following parasitic infections occurs by eating uncooked freshwater crabs?
    a. Taenia saginata
    b. Taenia solium
    c. Paragonimus westermani
    d. None of the above
    c. Paragonimus westermani *
  88. 88. Which of the following parasite use fresh water snail as an intermediate host?
    a. Trematode
    b. Nematode
    c. Cestode
    d. None of the above
    a. Trematode *
  89. 89. Which of the following statements is true regarding cestode?
    a. the cestodes (tapeworms) are ribbon-like, segmented worms
    b. they are primarily intestinal parasites.
    c. They are totally lack of a digestive system
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  90. 90. Which of the following is true about nematodes?
    a. trematodes that cause human disease are not endemic in the United States
    b. all parasitic trematodes use fresh water snails as an intermediate host.
    c. immigrants from tropical areas, especially Southeast Asia are frequently infected.
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  91. 91. Which of the following parasite causes cysticerci in brain and eyes?
    a. Taenia saginata
    b. Taenia solium
    c. Diphyllobothrium latum
    d. None of the above
    b. Taenia solium *
  92. 92. Which of the following nematode transmitted from person to person?
    a. Ascaris lumbricoides
    b. Enterovirus vermicularis
    c. Trichuris trichura
    d. None of the above
    b. Enterovirus vermicularis *
  93. 93. Which of the following parasite transmitted in larva stage from contaminated soil through skin penetration?
    a. Necator Americanus
    b. Ancylostoma duodenale
    c. Strongyloides stercoralis
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  94. 94. Which of the following parasite causes "river blindness"?
    a. Onchocerca volvulus
    b. Wuchereria bancrofti
    c. Trichinella spiralis
    d. Toxocara canis
    a. Onchocerca volvulus *
  95. 95. Which of the following nematode primarily presents in lymphatic tissue?
    a. Onchocerca volvulus
    b. Enterovius vermicularis
    c. Wuchereria bancrofti
    d. None of the above
    c. Wuchereria bancrofti *
  96. 96. Which of the following parasite causes visceral larva migrans?
    a. Toxocara canis
    b. Trichuris trichiura
    c. Ascaris lumbricoides
    d. None of the above
    a. Toxocara canis *
  97. 97. Which of the following parasite is not intestinal nematode?
    a. Wuchereria bancrofti
    b. Ascaris lumbricoides
    c. Enterovius vermicularis
    d. Trichuris trichius
    a. Wuchereria bancrofti *
  98. 98. Which of the following parasite transmitted by blackfly bite?
    a. Wuchereria bancrofti
    b. Ascaris lumbricoides
    c. Enterovius vermicularis
    d. Onchocerca volvulus
    d. Onchocerca volvulus *
  99. 99. Which of the following procedure kills all the micro organisms including spores?
    a. Pasteurization
    b. Boiling
    c. Sterilization
    d. None of the above
    c. Sterilization *
  100. 100. Which of the following infection is most common nosocomial infection?
    a. Respiratory tract infection
    b. Urinary tract infection
    c. Skin infection
    d. None of the above
    b. Urinary tract infection *
  101. 101. Which of the following statements is true regarding sterilization?
    a. Sterilization is usually carried out by autoclaving.
    b. It (autoclaving) consists of exposure to steam at 121C under a pressure of 15lb/sq.inch for 15 minutes.
    c. Surgical instruments that can be damaged by moist heat are usually sterilized by exposure to ethylene oxide gas.
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  102. 102. Which of the following statements is true about pasteurization?
    a. The process is named after the French chemist Louis Pasteur
    b. Milk is pasteurized by heating at a temperature of 63 degrees C (145 degrees F) for 30 minutes
    c. It (pasteurization) will destroy harmful bacteria without materially changing the composition, flavor, or nutritive value of the liquid.
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above *
  103. 103. Which of the following tissue nematodes is diagnosed only using a night time blood smear?
    a. Onchocera volvulus
    b. Enterovius vermicularis
    c. Wuchereria bancrofti
    d. None of the above
    c. Wuchereria bancrofti *
Author
gtbounce
ID
142756
Card Set
MicroFinal.txt
Description
MicroFinal
Updated