ed 331 test 2 ch5-8

  1. academic freedon
    the opportunity for teachers and students to learn, teach, study, research, & Q without censorship, coercion, or external political and other restrictive influences
  2. Buckley amendment
    the 1974 family ed rights & privacy act granting parents of students under 18 & students 18 or over the right to examine their school records
  3. character education
    a model composed of various strategies that promote a defined set of core values to students
  4. child abuse
    • TYPES: physical, sexual, or emotiona violation of a child's health and well being
    • WARNING SIGNS: burns, black eyes, welts, bite marks, long sleeves in hot weather, dirty or unbathed, no emotion, apathetic towards friends and school, absent &/or tardy often, unusually eager to please, hostile, extreme hunger, unusually sophisticated knowledge of sexual behavior, create stories or drawings of an unusually sexual behavior, difficulty sitting or walking, depression, fear of adults, lack of concentraction
  5. copyright act
    a federal law that protects intellectual property, inc;uding copyrighted material. Teachers can use such materal in classrooms only with permission, or under specific guidelines
  6. corporal punishment
    discipling students through physical punishment by school employee
  7. due process
    the procedural requirements that must be followed in such areas as student and teacher discipline & placement in special ed programs. due process exists to safequard individuals from arbitary, capricious, or unreasonable policies, practices or actions. the essential elements of due process are 1 a notice of the charge or actions to be taken 2 the opportunity to be heard 3 the right to a defense that reflects the particular circumstances and nature of the case
  8. educational malpractice
    a new experimental line of litigation similar to the concept of medical malpractice. ed malpractice is conceren with assessing liability for students who graduate from school without fundamental skills. unlike medical malpractice, many courts have rejected the notion that schools or educators be held liable for this problem
  9. fair use
    a legal principle allowing limited use of copyrighted materials. teachers must observe three criteria:brevity, spontaneity & cumulative effect
  10. first amendment
    freedom of religion & speech. an important part of this amendent is the establishment clause, which prohibits schools & the gov from promoting or inhibiting religion in schools
  11. Goss v Lopez
    teachers & administrators are required to follow certain procedures in order to guarantee the students due process rights granted by the 14th amendment
  12. in loco parentis
    in place of the parents
  13. Pickering v Board of Ed
    a teacher retains the 1st amendment's freedom of speech. this includes the same right as all other citizens to comment on issues of legitimate public conern, even if those comments are critical of school policiies & practices
  14. Tinker v Des Moines (independent community school district)
    unless there is substantial disruption in a school, a school board cant deprive students of their 1st amendment right to freedom of speech. students dont shed their constitutional rights at the school door, through they can be limited
  15. Title VII
    (civil right act 1964)
    a federal law that prohibits employment discrmination based on race, coor, religion, sex or national origin
  16. Title IX
    (education amendments 1972)
    a provision of the 1972 ed amendments that prohibits sex discrimination in any ed program receiving fed financial assistance
  17. zero-tolerance policy
    such rigorous rules offer schools little or no flexibility in responding to student infractions related to alcohol, drugs, tobacco, violence and weapons. these policies have been developed by both local school distrcts & # of state legislatures & in most cases, students who violate such policies must be expelled
Card Set
ed 331 test 2 ch5-8
chapter 8 vocab