ED 331 test 2 (ch5-8)

  1. Academy
    a classical secondary school in colonial America that emphasized elements of Latin and English grammar schools and by the nineteenth century became more of a college preparatory school. also the name of the ancient Greek school founded by Plato
  2. aesthetics
    the branch of philosphy that examines the nature of beauty and judgments about it
  3. behavior modification
    a strategy to alter behavior in a desired direction through the use of rewards
  4. contructivism
    with roots in cognitive psychology, this educational approach is built on the idea that people construct their understanding of the world. constructivist teachers gauge a students prior knowledge, then carefully orchestrate cues, classroom activites, and penetrating questions to push students to higher levels of understanding
  5. core curriculum
    a central body of knowledge that schools require all students to study
  6. deductive reasoning
    working from a general rule to identify particular examples and applications to that rule
  7. empiricism
    the philosophy that maintains that sensory experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and touching, are the ultimate sources of all human knowledge. empirists believe that we are experience the external world by sensory perception; then, through reflection, we conceptualize ideas that help us interpret the world
  8. epistemology
    the branch of philosophy that examines the nature of knowledge and learning
  9. essentialism
    • an educational philosophy that emphasizes basic skills of reading, writing, mathematics, science, history, geography & language
    • teach students the basics of math (law of logs)
  10. ethics
    the branch of philosophy that examines Q of right and wrong, good and bad
  11. existentialism
    • a philosophy that emphasizes the ability of an individual to determine the course and nature of his or her life and the importance of personal decision making
    • have students create art by graphing several fns (they pick the fns) on one graph like r=rCos(theta) is a cardiod which graphs a heart
  12. Great Books
    the heart of the perennialists curriculum that includes great works of the past in literature, philosophy, science, and other areas
  13. inductive reasoning
    drawing generalizations based on the observation of specific examples
  14. informal education
    in many cultures, augments or takes the place or formal schooling as children learn adult roles through observation, conversation, assisting, and imitating
  15. oral tradition
    spoken language is the primary method for instruction in several cultures around the world. world problems are used to teach reasoning, proverbs to instill wisdom, and stories to teach lessons about nature, history religion and social customs
  16. perennialism
    • the philosophy that emphasizes rationality as the major purpose of education. it asserts that there are universal truths and these ideas are best taught through the great books
    • have the students read Euclid: The Elements (b/c that book is the basis for everything plane geometry)
  17. philosophy
    the love of or search for wisdom; the quest to understand the meaning of life
  18. pragmatism
    aphilosophical belief that asserts truth is what works and rejects other views of reality
  19. praxis
    a series of tests designed by ETS to assess teachers' competence in various areas: reading, writing, math, professoional and subject area knowledge. (requirements differ among states)
  20. progressivism
    • an educational philosophy that organizes schools around the concerns, curiosity, and real-world experiences of students
    • students build structures out of popsicle sticks and study the angles required for different structures
  21. rationalism
    the philosophy that emphasizes the power of reason and the principles of logic to derive statements about the world. rationalists encourage schools to emphasize teaching mathematics, because mathematics involves reason and logic
  22. scaffolding
    taking from the construction field, scaffolding provides support to help a student build understanding. the teacher might use cues or encouragement or well-formulated Q to assit a student in solving a problem or mastering a concept
  23. social reconstructionism
    • this is a view of education as a way to improve the quality of life, to reduce the chances of conflict, and to create a more humane world
    • have students look at data collected on graduation/drop-out rates & develop a ratio & discuss & create a methos to lower drop-out rates
  24. Socratic method
    an educational strategy attributed to socrates in which a teacher encourages a student's discovery of truth by Q
Card Set
ED 331 test 2 (ch5-8)