EMT-B Chapter 2

  1. acute stress reactions
    Reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation.
  2. airborne transmission
    The spread of an organism in aerosol form.
  3. bloodborne pathogens
    Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    The primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the United States. The CDC is part of the US Department of Health and Human Services.
  5. communicable disease
    A disease that can be spread from one person or species to another.
  6. contamination
    The presence of infectious organisms or foreign bodies on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
  7. cover and concealment
    The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier for protection.
  8. critical incident stress management (CISM)
    A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
  9. cumulative stress reactions
    Prolonged or excessive stress.
  10. delayed stress reaction
    Reaction to stress that occurs after a stressful situation.
  11. designated officer
    The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
  12. direct contact
    Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact.
  13. exposure
    A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests disease transmission may occur.
  14. foodborne transmission
    The contamination of food or water with an organism than can cause disease.
  15. general adaptation syndrome
    The body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or, if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.
  16. hepatitis
    Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
  17. Host
    The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.
  18. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by HIV, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
  19. Immune
    The body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease.
  20. indirect contact
    Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
  21. infection
    The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
  22. infection control
    Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel
  23. infectious disease
    A medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body.
  24. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
    The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
  25. pathogen
    A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
  26. personal protective equipment (PPE)
    Clothing or specialized equipment that provides protection to the wearer.
  27. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    A delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. This delayed reaction is often the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident.
  28. standard precautions
    Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
  29. transmission
    The way in which an infectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.
  30. vector-borne transmission
    The use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another.
Card Set
EMT-B Chapter 2
Chapter 2 Vocab. For EMT-Basic