Id's ch 38

  1. Japanese-Americans
    A U.S. minority that was forced into concentration camps during WWII
  2. War Production Board
    A federal agency that coordinated US. industry and successfully mobilized the economy to produce vast quantities of military supplies
    Women's units of the army and navy, respectively, during WWII
  4. braceros
    Mexican-American workers brought into the U.S. to provide an agricultural labor supply
  5. Rosie the Riveter
    Symbolic personification of female laborers who took factory jobs in order to sustain U.S. production during WWII
  6. Fair Employment Practices Commission
    Federal agency established to guarantee opportunities for African-American employment in WWII industries
  7. Philippines
    U.S. owned Pacific archipelago seized by Japan in the early months of WWII
  8. Battle of Midway
    Crucial naval battle of June 1942, in which U.S. Admiral Chester Nimitz blocked the Japanese attempt to conquer a strategic island near Hawaii
  9. "unconditional surrender"
    Controversial U.S.-British demand on Germany and Japan that substituted for a " second front"
  10. Casablanca
    Site of 1943 Roosevelt-Churchill conference in North Africa, at which the Big Two planned the invasion of Italy and further steps in the Pacific war
  11. Tehran
    Iranian capital where Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to plan D-Day in coordination with Russian strategy against Hitler and the East
  12. D-Day
    The beginning of the Allied invasion of France in June 1944
  13. Battle of the Bulge
    The December 1944 German offensive (stopped by Patton) that marked Hitler's last chance to stop the Allied advance
  14. Iwo Jima & Okinawa
    The last two heavily defended Japanese islands conquered by the U.S. in 1945
  15. atomic bombs
    Devastating new weapon used by the U.S. against the U.S against Japan in August 1945
Card Set
Id's ch 38