Qualitave Research

  1. Purposefully sampling
    Widely used by qualitative researchers.

    Researchers puposively select individuals who they believe will be good sources of information.
  2. Purposive criterion sampling
    When there are a number of criteria to be applied in the selction of a sample.
  3. Demongraphic information
    Description of the sample e.g., age, race, education, socio-econmic status.
  4. Saturation
    Exhausted results/information.

    The point which it is noted that parcipants responses are closely the same or the same. No new information are expected = final sample size.
  5. Semistructured interviews
    Most widely used instrument for QL R.

    Face-to-face interviews using a recorder.

    Interviewer may asked questions other than prepared to help elict better responses from the participant.
  6. Interview protocol
    Written directions for conducting the interview as well as a standard set of predetermined questions to be asked of participants.
  7. Phenomenological approach
    Examining perceptions to acquire knowledge.
  8. Focus group
    Usually 6-12 partcipants who are gathered to discuss a topic.

    reveals the evolution of perceptions in a social context.
  9. Facilitator
    Group leader of focus group (as opposed to interviewer) who sets the tone of the environment (nonthreatening) with predetermined questions.
  10. Nonparticipant observation
    The QL Rr observes indvs as an outsider.

    Ex. sitting in the back of classroom to observe S/T interaction. Like to bx differently bc they know they're being watched.
  11. Participant observation
    Makes observations as an insider.

    A T who is also a Rr is a school enviornment.
  12. Ethnography
    Research on culture issuses.
  13. Data triangulation
    Use multiple sources for obataining data on the research topic.
  14. Methods triangulation
    The method used can be triangulated.

    Individual interveiws with parents, then focus group with same parents.
  15. Researcher triangulation
    Research is gather from member of research team.
  16. Grounded theory
    Inductive method of analysis that can lead to theories of behavior.
  17. Open coding
    The grounded theory approach starts with open coding.
    At this stage the transcripts of the interview are examined for distinct ideas and are colored coded accordingly.
  18. Axial coding
    The second step in grounded theory
    At this stage, transcripts and any other data gathered at the interview are reexamined to identify the relationships between the categories and themes during open coding.
  19. Core category
    The final stages of grounded theory.
    The main overarching category under which the other categories and subcategories belong. They also attempt to describe the process that leads to the relationships identified in axial coding.
  20. Constant comparison
    Constantly comparing each new element of the data with all previous elements that have been coded in order to establish and refine categories.
  21. Consensual qualitative research (CQR)
    Strives to have a team of researchers arrive at a concensus on the meaning of the data collected.

    code into domains - 1st step in CQR. Segmenting the data, team discuss and refine domains.

    develop core ideas within domains - 2nd step. Writting short summaries that reduce the original ideas or participants to fewer words.

    cross-analysis - 3rd step. Core ideas are grouped into categories based on similarities.
  22. Stability check
    In CQR, done by examinng data in additon to the interview transcripts if it is available.
  23. Internal stability (CQR)
    done by determining the extent to which each category was general, typical, or variant.

    Domains that apply to * participants are called: general (all); typical (more than half); variant (less than half).
  24. Auditor
    outside expert

    reviews the work of the research team after each major step in a study.
  25. Structure of Research Report
    Title (author's name/affiliation)

    Abstract (intro/lit rew) [brief summary 100-150 words]

    • Method
    • participants [state the number of participants, how they were selected, and selected demographics]
    • instrumentation [measuring tools used are described]
    • procedure (opt) [physical steps taken]
    • data analysis (opt) [method used to analyze data is described]



  26. Structure of Research Report II
    Introduction - contains a lit rew
Card Set
Qualitave Research
Mid-term Quiz