1. Acquired Imminodeficiency Syndrome

    a specific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of severe immunosuppression related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

    persons dead having had AIDS may exhibit conditions such as wasting syndrome, extrapulmonary tuberculosis and Kaposi's sarcoma
  2. Aerosolization
    to disperse as an aerosol

    minute particles of blood and water become atomized and suspended in air when water under pressure meets the blood drainage or when flushing an uncovered flushing bowl or sink
  3. Asepsis
    freedom from infection and from any form of life

  4. Aseptic
    free from contamination caused by harmful microorganisms

    aiming at the complete exclusion of harmful microorganisms
  5. Bactericidal agent
    destructive of bacteria
  6. Bacteriostatic agent
    agent that has the ability to inhibit or retard bacterial growth

    no destruction of viability of the microorganisms is implied
  7. Biohazard
    biological agent or condition that constitues a hazard to humans
  8. Bloodborne pathogen rule
    OSHA regulation (29CFR 1910.1030) regulating the employee's exposrue to blood and other body fluids

    OSHA definitions are: blood, human blood, human components and products made from human blood
  9. Bloodborne pathogens
    pathogenic microorganisms that are present in the human blood and can cause disease in humans

    these pathogens include, but are not limited to hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  10. Contaminated
    the presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface
  11. Contaminated laundry
    laundry, which has been soiled with blood or other potentially infectious materials or may contain sharps
  12. Contaminated sharps
    any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to needles, scalpels, broken glass and exposed ends of wires
  13. Engineering controls
    controls (e.g. sharps disposal container, self sheathing needles) that isolate or remove the bloodborne pathogen hazard from the workplace
  14. Exposure incident
    a specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin or parenteral, contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of an employee's duties
  15. Occupational exposure
    reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane or parenteral, contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee's duties
  16. Parenteral
    piercing mucous membranes or the skin barrier through such events as needle sticks, human bites, cuts and abrasions
  17. Personal protective equipment

    specialized clothing or equipment work by an employee for protetion against a hazard
  18. Universal precautions
    an approach to infection control whereby all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens
  19. Work practice controls
    controls that reduce the likelihood or exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed

    prohibiting recapping of needle, and not allowing blood splatter or aerosolization of blood while draining during the embalming process
  20. Center for Disease Control and Prevention


    a major agency of the Department of Health and Human Services, with headquarters in Atlanta, GA, concerned with all phases of control of communicable, verctor-borne and occupational diseases
  21. Chemotherapy
    the application of chemical reagents in the treatment of diseases in humans, may cause an elevated preservation demand
  22. Clostridium perfringens
    anaerobid, saphrophytic, spore-forming bacterium, responsible for tissue gas

    referred to as a gas bacillus
  23. Concurrent disinfection
    disinfection practices carried out during the embalming process
  24. Coverall
    plastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh
  25. Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease
    a disease of the central nerous system with unknown etiology

    assumed to be a slow virus

    because of unknown etiology, caregivers using invasive procedures use extreme caution
  26. Disinfectant
    an agent, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects/surfaces to destroy disease-causing mibrobial agents, but usually not bacterial spores
  27. Disinfection
    the destruction and/or inhibition of most pathogenic organisms and their products in or on the body
  28. Drench shower
    OSHA reuired safety device for a release of copious amount of water in a short time
  29. Environmental protection agency

    a federal governmental agency with environmental protection regulatory and enforcement authority
  30. Eye wash station
    OSHA reuired emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye
  31. Formaldehyde

    colorless, strong-smelling gas that when in solution is a powerful preservative and disinfectant

    a potential occupational carcinogen
  32. Germicide
    agent, usually chemical, applied either to inanimate objects/surface or to living tissues to destroy disease-causing mibrobial agents, but usually not bacterial spores
  33. Hazard communication standard (Rule)
    OSHA regulation that deals tih identifying and limiting exposure to occupational hazards
  34. Hazardous material
    an agent or material exposing one to risk
  35. Hepatitis
    inflammation f the liver

    it may be caused by a variety of agents, including viral infectons, bacterial invasion and physical or chemical agents

    it is usually accompanied by fever, jaundice and an enlarged liver
  36. Household bleach
    a 5% sodium hypochlorite solution

    12 ounces of household bleach with 116 ounces of water yields 1 gallon of a 10% household bleach solution (5,000 ppm sodium hypochlorite)
  37. Iatrogenic
    results from the adverse activity of medical personnel
  38. Infectious disease
    disease caused by the growth of a pathogenic microorganism in the body
  39. Infectious waste
    biological agent or condition that onstitutes a hazard to humans (see biohazard)
  40. Inhibit
    to restrain, hinder or retard
  41. Isotope
    any of two or more species of atoms of a chemical element with the same atomic number and nearly identical chemical behavior but with differing atomic mass of mass number and different physical properties
  42. Material Safety Data Sheet

    this form must accompany a hazardous product

    a requirement of the Department of Labor and OSHA under the Hazard Communication Standard
  43. MilliCurie

    the amount of radioactive material in which 37 million atoms disintegrate each second
  44. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    a governmental agency with the responsibility for regulatory and enforcement of safety and health matters for most United States employees

    an individual state OSHA agency may supersede the United States Department of Labor OSHA regulations
  45. Parenteral
    OSHA regulation (29CFR 1910.1030) regulating the employee's exposrue to blood and other body fluids

    OSHA definitions are: blood, human blood, human components and products made from human blood
  46. Pediculosis
    infestation with lice
  47. Preservation
    the science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition (temporaty preservation)
  48. Radiation protection officer
    the supervision, in an institution licensed to use radionuclides, that has the responsibility to establish procedures and make recommendations in the use of all radioactive matter
  49. Radionuclides
    a chemical element that is simialr in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic wight and electric charge and emits radiations

    an atom that disintegrates by emission of electromagnetic radiation
  50. Sanitization/Sanitation
    a process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate biohazards
  51. Sepsis
    pathologic state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood or other tissues
  52. Sterilization
    process that renders a substance free of all microorganisms
  53. Sterilizers
    oven or appliance for sterilizing

    an autoclave that disinfects by steam under pressure at temperature above 100 C
  54. Temporary preservation
    the science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition
  55. Terminal disinfection
    institution of disinfection and decontamination measures after the preparation of the remains
  56. Trocar
    sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid

    the trocar may also be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming
  57. Trocar button
    a plastic threaded screw like device for sealing punctures and small round trocar openings
  58. Unionall
    plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the chest down to and including the feet
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