1. race is a what kind of structure?
    • social
    • created and given meaning by people
  2. when did racism start?
    European colonization and settlement of the Americas during 16th and 17th century could be a big contribution
  3. Great Chain of Being
    • an idea that roots in Enlightenment
    • some beings are more superior than others
  4. apartheid
    • apartness
    • government-sponsored policy of facial segregation and discrimination
  5. the word "ethnicity"
    comes from Greek ethnos, meaning people
  6. 2 fundamental points of ethnicity
    • 1. ethnicity is about people constructing a sense of social belonging
    • 2. this process of belonging involved othering
  7. othering
    the act of differentiating between "me" and "you"
  8. ascription
    assigning identity to someone or self (self-ascription)
  9. indigenous peoples
  10. discourse
    communication that provides insight on social values, attitudes, priorities, and ways of understanding the world
  11. ethnic geography
    subfield of human geography that studies the migration and spatial distribution of ethnic groups, ethnic interaction and networks, and the various expressions or imprints of ethnicity in the landscape.
  12. ethnoscape
    cultural landscape that reveals or expresses aspects of the identity of an ethnic group
  13. 3 ethnic interaction
    • assimilation
    • pluralism
    • heterolocalism
  14. assimilation
    • gradual loss of the cultral traits
    • melting pot
  15. pluralism
    • resist pressure to assimilate and retain those traits
    • tossed salad
  16. ethnic enclaves
    areas with a botable concentration of members of an ethnic group
  17. heterolocalism
    members of an ethnic group maintain their sense of shared identity even though they are residentially dispersed
  18. 4 identity crucial for development of heterolocalism
    • 1. immigrant population clusters minimally after immigration
    • 2. social activities in separate, nonoverlapping areas
    • 3. sense of identity becasue of technology
    • 4. history tied to the processes of late-20th-century globalization
  19. 3 types of ethnic settlement
    • ethnic islands
    • ethnic neighborhoods
    • ethnoburb
  20. ethnic islands
    rural areas
  21. ethnic neighborhoods
    • urban
    • Chinatown
    • Ghetto
  22. ethnoburb
    a multiethic residential commercial, or mixed suburban cluster in which a single ethnic group is unlikely to forma majority of the population
  23. location quotient
    find out the proportional presence of an ethnic group in a region compares to the proportional presence of that same ethnic group in the country

    • LQ=(population
    • of ethnic group in an area/total population of that area)/(national population
    • of ethnic group/national population)
  24. ethnic cleansing
    the forced removal of an ethnic group from an area
  25. environmental justice
    fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people
  26. monster house debates in Vancouver
    • wealthy Chinese were invited to VAncouver
    • Canadians didn't like it
  27. political geography
    the study of the spatial aspects of political affairs
  28. territoriality
    strong attachment to or defensive control of a place or an area
  29. political geography exists because...
    humans are territorial
  30. sovereignty
    supreme authority of a state over its own affairs and freedom from control by outside forces
  31. imperialism
    one state's exercise of direct or indirect control over the affairs of another political society
  32. colonialism
    a form of imperialism in which a state takes possession of a foreign terriroty, occupies it, and governs it
  33. war in Afghanistan's operation name
    operation enduring freedom
  34. 3 characteristics of a state
    • 1. a specific terriroty with a permanent population
    • 2. recognized by other state
    • 3. has a government with supreme authority over its domestic and international affairs
  35. primordial vs. imagined/constructed identity
    • primordial: born into it
    • imagined/constructed: concept of nation is constructed by society
  36. nationalism
    • an ideology or political movement that holds that a nation has the right to form an independent or autonomous political community
    • or belonging to a nation
Card Set
GEOG 121 exam 2 quiz 1