CIS70 test

  1. Desktop:
    • A desktop consists of pictures or icons that show files, folders, and various
    • types of documents such as letters, reports, and pictures.
  2. Application:
    A program or group of programs designed for end users.
  3. Taskbar:
    • A bar across the bottom of the screen that displays active programs and the
    • start button
  4. Windows Explorer:
    • A program in the program menu that lists the files and drives on a
    • computer.
  5. My Computer:
    An icon on the desktop that lists the files and drives on a computer.
  6. My Computer Window:
    • This window displays the organization of the computer,
    • including all of the disk drives.
  7. Web Filter:
    A program that limits the websites that can be viewed.
  8. Antivirus Program:
    A program that protects a computer from a computer virus.
  9. Recycle Bin:
    • An icon on the Windows desktop that represents a directory where deleted
    • files are temporarily stored.
  10. File Folder Hierarchy:
    • A hierarchical system in computers is a file system, in which
    • directories have files and subdirectories beneath them. Such a file organization is, in
    • fact, called a hierarchical file system . To move up one level in the file hierarchy, click the
    • up arrow button.
  11. Byte:
    • An abbreviation for binary term, a unit of storage capable of holding a single
    • character.
  12. Kilobyte:
    • A kilobyte is 1,024 bytes, but it is often used loosely as a synonym for 1,000
    • bytes. Kilobyte is frequently abbreviated as K, KiB, or KB.
  13. Megabyte:
    • A megabyte is 1,048,576 bytes. Megabyte is frequently abbreviated as M,
    • MiB, or MB.
  14. Gigabyte:
    • One gigabyte is equal to 1,024 megabytes. Gigabyte is often abbreviated as G,
    • GiB, or GB.
  15. To summarize, some common file size units are:
    • a) 1 KiB = 1,024 bytes
    • b) 1 MiB = 1,048,576 bytes
    • c) 1 GiB = 1,073,741,824 bytes
  16. Search Criteria:
    • To search for a file in My Computer, use the following criteria; all or part
    • of the file name, a word or phrase in the file, the date when the file was modified.
  17. Wildcard:
    • A special symbol that stands for one or more characters. The asterisk (*) is a
    • wild card that stands for any combination of letters.
  18. Compressed File or Folder:
    Storing data in a format that requires less space than usual.
  19. Clipboard:
    • A special file or memory area (buffer) where data is stored temporarily
    • before being copied to another location.
  20. Web Application:
    • There are several applications called Web browsers that make it easy
    • to access the World Wide Web; Two of the most popular being Netscape Navigator and
    • Microsoft's Internet Explorer:
  21. C: Drive, also known as Hard Drive, and Fixed Drive:
    • The internal computer mechanism
    • that reads and writes data on a hard disk. A disk drive rotates the disk very fast and has
    • one or more heads that read and write data.
  22. D: Drive:
    • A drive that is usually reserved for your zip drive, but not always. Drive letters
    • are assigned in a specific order.
  23. E: Drive:
    • A drive that is usually reserved for your CD or DVD drive, but not always. Drive
    • letters are assigned in a specific order.
  24. Emoticons:
    • Emoticons are emotional graphics‐‐visual ways to express the way you feel
    • when words alone just aren't enough. A smiley face (  ) is often used in text
    • communications to convey an emotion with a message. Smilies are used in text
    • messages in the same way voice changes and facial expressions are used in face‐to‐face
    • or telephone conversation.
  25. Instant Messaging:
    • Abbreviated IM, a type of communications service that enables you
    • to create a kind of private chat room with another individual in order to communicate in
    • real time over the Internet, analogous to a telephone conversation but using text‐based,
    • not voice‐based, communication. Typically, the instant messaging system alerts you
    • whenever somebody on your private list is online. You can then initiate a chat session
    • with that particular individual.
  26. Real Time:
    • Real time refers to events that occur at the same time that they would occur
    • in real life. For example instant messaging and chats are real time.
  27. Mouse Terms
  28. Object:
    icon, folder, file, or hyperlink
  29. Left‐Click:
    select object with mouse
  30. Double‐Click:
    double left‐click that opens the object
  31. Right‐Click:
    opens the shortcut menu for the clicked object
  32. Cursor:
    picture of mouse pointer on the screen (possibly blinking)
  33. Drag and Drop:
    moving one object into another object
  34. Menu Terms
  35. Menu:
    list of options for an object
  36. Shortcut Menu:
    menu of shortcut options for the object
  37. Shortcuts:
    icons linked to objects
  38. Start Button:
    Button at lower left-hand corner of desktop
  39. Start Menu:
    • Menu accessed by the start button that lists programs, documents, control
    • panel, run, etc.
  40. Drop‐down Menu:
    list of menu choices below a menu heading
  41. Menu Bar:
    • bar below the title bar in a program that organizes the program’s commands
    • (ex. File, Edit, View, Window, Help, etc.)
  42. Program Menu:
    lists the programs on a computer through the start button
  43. Open With:
    • Right click any file in any window, and you should see Open With in the
    • shortcut list. Click Open With and choose how you want to open your files. This is a
    • valuable tool when you are trying to open a file for which you do not have the
    • application on your computer.
  44. Window Box Terms
  45. Window:
    • An enclosed, rectangular area on a display screen. Most modern operating
    • systems and applications have graphical user interfaces (GUIs) that let you divide your
    • display into several windows . Within each window, you can run a different program or
    • display different data.
  46. Title Bar:
    • Bar across the top of a program that has the title of the program and file name
    • written within it
  47. Size buttons:
    • located in the title bar, contains minimize (‐) and restore down or
    • maximize () buttons
  48. Dialog Box:
    window that opens offering options before a command can be done
  49. Scroll Bar:
    • vertical bar down the right‐hand side and horizontal bar across the bottom of
    • the window that moves the window up/down/left/right
  50. Toolbar:
    bar below a menu bar with icons for program commands
  51. Template:
    • A preset document that contains the formatting needed. All you have to do
    • is fill in the blanks.
  52. Document Terms
  53. Document:
    file created by a word processor (MSWord, Wordpad, Notepad)
  54. Format Document:
    • To change the style, font, size, and look (bold, italic, underline) of
    • words (text) in a document.
  55. Format Paragraph:
    • Change the LOOK of a paragraph by changing the indention, spacing,
    • etc., but NOT the content (information).
  56. Highlighting text:
    • Selecting a lot of words by dragging the cursor over the words while
    • holding the left mouse button
  57. Create:
    Open an application and enter data.
  58. Save:
    To copy data from a temporary area to a more permanent storage medium
  59. Edit:
    • To make changes to the content of the document [but NOT the STYLE (text, style,
    • font, size, and look etc).]
  60. File:
    A collection of data or information that has a name, called the filename
  61. Print:
    Allows you to send a document to a printer to get a hard copy (paper copy).
  62. Word wrap:
    • The word processor automatically moves to the next line when you have
    • filled one line with text, and it will readjust text if you change the margins.
Card Set
CIS70 test
Wayne Community College in Goldsboro computer test to get into programs.