Bio Chapter 9

  1. calorie
    amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius
  2. glycolysis
    first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a molecule of glucose is broken into two molecules of pyruvic acid
  3. cellular respiration
    process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
  4. Formula of Cellular Respiration
    6CO2 + C6H12O6 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (36 ATP)
  5. fermentation
    process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
  6. anaerobic (fermentation)
    process that does not require oxygen
  7. aerobic
    process that requires oxygen
  8. Kreb's cycle
    second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
  9. electron transport chain
    a series of proteins in which the high-energy electrons from the Krebs cycle are used to convert ADP into ATP
Card Set
Bio Chapter 9
Bio Vocab. Unit 3