Chapter 14

  1. Medications commonly administered by the EMT.
    • Oxygen
    • Oral Glucose
    • Activated Charcoal
    • Aspirin
  2. Medications prescribed for the patient that the EMT may administer or assist the patient with administering.
    • Inhaled Bronchodilator - Metered-Dose Inhaler; Small-Volume Nebulizer
    • Nitroglycerin
    • Epinephrine
  3. Four different names of a medication, or drug.
    • Chemical
    • Generic
    • Trade
    • Official
  4. What are the different routes of Administration?
    • Sublingual
    • Oral
    • Inhalation
    • Intramuscular injection
  5. What are the different forms of medications?
    • Compressed powder or tablet
    • Liquid for injection
    • Gel
    • Suspension
    • Fine powder for inhalation
    • Small-volume nebulizer
    • Gas
    • Spray
  6. What are indications for a medication?
    The common reasons for using a medication to treat a specific condition.
  7. What are contraindications for a medication?
    Situations in which a medication should not be used.
  8. Define administration
    The route and form by which a drug is given.
  9. Define mechanisim of action.
    How the drug works to create its effect on the body.
  10. Define side effects.
    The undesired effects of a medication.
  11. What are the 5 "rights" of medication administration?
    • right patient
    • right medication
    • right route
    • right dose
    • right date
  12. What are the key steps in administering medications?
    • Obtain an order from medical direction
    • Select the proper medication
    • Verify the patient's prescription
    • Check the expiration date
    • Check for discoloration or impurities
    • Verify the form, route & dose
  13. What do you reassess following medication administration?
    • Mental status
    • Patency of airway
    • Breathing rate & quality
    • Pulse rate & quality
    • Skin color, temp, condition
    • Blood Pressure
    • Change or relief of patient's complaints
    • Medication side effects
    • Imporvement or deterioration in patient condition following medication admin.
Card Set
Chapter 14
Pharmacology and Medication Administration